Cover: The Great Arizona Orphan Abduction, from Harvard University PressCover: The Great Arizona Orphan Abduction in PAPERBACK

The Great Arizona Orphan Abduction

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Product Details

PAPERBACK

$29.00 • £20.95 • €26.00

ISBN 9780674005358

Publication: April 2001

Academic Trade

432 pages

6-1/8 x 9-1/4 inches

36 halftones in one 24 page insert, 2 maps, 1 table

World

In 1904, New York nuns brought forty Irish orphans to a remote Arizona mining camp, to be placed with Catholic families. The Catholic families were Mexican, as was the majority of the population. Soon the town’s Anglos, furious at this “interracial” transgression, formed a vigilante squad that kidnapped the children and nearly lynched the nuns and the local priest. The Catholic Church sued to get its wards back, but all the courts, including the U.S. Supreme Court, ruled in favor of the vigilantes.

The Great Arizona Orphan Abduction tells this disturbing and dramatic tale to illuminate the creation of racial boundaries along the Mexican border. Clifton/Morenci, Arizona, was a “Wild West” boomtown, where the mines and smelters pulled in thousands of Mexican immigrant workers. Racial walls hardened as the mines became big business and whiteness became a marker of superiority. These already volatile race and class relations produced passions that erupted in the “orphan incident.” To the Anglos of Clifton/Morenci, placing a white child with a Mexican family was tantamount to child abuse, and they saw their kidnapping as a rescue.

Women initiated both sides of this confrontation. Mexican women agreed to take in these orphans, both serving their church and asserting a maternal prerogative; Anglo women believed they had to “save” the orphans, and they organized a vigilante squad to do it. In retelling this nearly forgotten piece of American history, Linda Gordon brilliantly recreates and dissects the tangled intersection of family and racial values, in a gripping story that resonates with today’s conflicts over the “best interests of the child.”

Awards & Accolades

  • 2000 Bancroft Prize, Columbia University
  • 2000 Albert J. Beveridge Award, American Historical Association
  • Finalist, 2000 Willa Cather Literary Awards, Women Writing the West
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