HARVARD THEOLOGICAL STUDIES
Cover: Mary Magdalene, The First Apostle: The Struggle for Authority, from Harvard University PressCover: Mary Magdalene, The First Apostle in PAPERBACK

Harvard Theological Studies 51

Mary Magdalene, The First Apostle

The Struggle for Authority

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PAPERBACK

$25.00 • £18.95 • €22.50

ISBN 9780674009660

Publication: March 2003

Academic Trade

270 pages

5-1/2 x 8-1/4 inches

Harvard Divinity School > Harvard Theological Studies

World

  • Acknowledgments
  • Abbreviations
  • 1. The Issue of Apostolic Authority
    • Etymology of the Term “Apostle”
    • Qualifications for Apostleship
    • The Role of Resurrection Witness Narratives
    • Summary
  • 2. Apostolic Authority in the Gospel of Luke
    • Lukan Supplementation of Traditions about Peter
    • Lukan Omission of Traditions about Peter
    • Lukan Modification of Traditions about Peter
    • The Most Significant Supplementary Tradition in Luke (24:33–34)
    • The Portrayal of Mary Magdalene in the Gospel of Luke
    • The Portrayal of Other Female Disciples in the Gospel of Luke
    • Summary
  • 3. Apostolic Authority in the Gospel of John
    • The Portrayal of Peter
    • John 21: The Reinstatement of Peter
    • The Portrayal of the Beloved Disciple
    • The Portrayal of Mary Magdalene and Other Female Leadership
    • Summary
  • 4. Portrayals of Apostolic Witness: The Gospels of Mark and Matthew versus the Gospel of Peter
    • Mary and Peter in the Gospels of Mark and Matthew
    • Portrayals of Peter and Mary in the Gospel of Peter
    • Summary
  • 5. Competition between Peter and Mary Magdalene in Other Texts
    • Portrayals of Peter and Mary in the Gospel of Thomas
    • Portrayals of Mary and Peter in the Gospel of Mary
    • Portrayals of Mary and Peter in Pistis Sophia 1–3 and Pistis Sophia 4
    • Identification of Mary Magdalene in the Gospel of Philip
    • Identification of Mary Magdalene in Pistis Sophia 1–3
    • Portrayal of Mary in the Dialogue of the Savior
    • Portrayal of Mary in the Sophia of Jesus Christ
    • Summary
  • 6. Advocacy of Authority and Women’s Leadership: The Acts of Paul versus the Acts of Peter
    • Interactions with Characters in the Acts of Paul
    • Peter’s Interactions with Characters in the Acts of Peter
    • Paul’s Interactions with Characters in the Acts of Peter
    • Conformity to Familial and Social Responsibilities
    • Ecclesiastical Organization
    • Summary
  • 7. The Replacement of Mary Magdalene: A Strategy for Eliminating the Competition
    • The Greek Acts of Philip: The Role of Mary
    • The Coptic Version of the Acts of Philip: The Role of Peter
    • Conflict between Mary Magdalene and Peter
    • Replacement of Mary Magdalene in Acta Thaddaei and in Syriac Texts
    • Replacement of Mary Magdalene in Theodoret
    • Replacement of Mary Magdalene in Coptic Texts
    • Revillout Fragment 14
    • Book of the Resurrection of Jesus Christ by Bartholomew the Apostle
    • Cooptation of Mary the Mother in the Questions of Bartholomew
    • Summary
  • 8. Apostolic Contradictions and the Crisis of Authority
    • Apostles in the New Testament
    • Differences in Apostolic Authority between Pauline Texts and the Acts of the Apostles
    • Priority and Authoritative Implications
  • 9. Conclusion: Recovering Lost Apostolic Traditions
    • Implicit Challenges to Apostolic Authority
    • Diminishing Mary’s Status as a Witness
    • Diminishing Mary’s Presence as a Witness
    • Diminishing Mary’s Status as a Role Model
    • Diminishing Mary’s Status as an Apostle
    • Explicit Challenges to Apostolic Authority
    • Recovering Apostolic Status
  • Bibliography
  • Index of Modern Authors
  • Index of Ancient Sources
  • Index of Subjects