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Rational Causation

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HARDCOVER

$50.50 • £40.95 • €45.50

ISBN 9780674059900

Publication Date: 03/20/2012

Short

280 pages

6-1/8 x 9-1/4 inches

1 table

World

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  • Introduction
  • 1: Rational Explanation of Belief
    • 1. q, so p
      • 1.1 A New Variant of Moore’s Paradox
      • 1.2 The Difference between Assertion and Demonstration
      • 1.3 Demonstrations as Expressions of Believing-for-a-Reason
      • 1.4 The Source of Moore-Paradoxicality
      • 1.5 Believing-for-a-Reason Is Not a Process
      • 1.6 Defending the Expressibility Thesis from Purported Counterexamples
      • 1.7 On the Significance of the Expressibility Thesis
    • 2. S Believes That p because q
    • 3. S Believes That p because S Believes That q
      • 3.1 The Simultaneity Constraint
      • 3.2 The Epistemic Character of Believing-for-a-Reason
    • 4. Rational Abilities
      • 4.1 Three Species of Disposition
      • 4.2 Differences between the Species
      • 4.3 The Ability Underlying Believing-for-a-Reason
    • 5. Anti-Psychologism about the Rational Explanation of Belief
  • 2: Rational Explanation of Action
    • 1. Acting-for-a-Reason as Practical Thought
    • 2. Objections
      • 2.1 Objections to the Expressibility of Actions and Reasons for Action
      • 2.2 Objections to the Identification of Evaluation with Intending to Act
      • 2.3 Objections to the Identification of Evaluation with Acting
    • 3. Instrumental Teleological Explanation
    • 4. Anti-Psychologism about the Rational Explanation of Action
      • 4.1 The Equivalence Thesis
      • 4.2 Explaining the Rational Role of the Psychological Non-Psychologistically
  • 3: (Non-Human) Animals and Their Reasons
    • 1. Animals Are Responsive to Reasons
    • 2. Animal Responsiveness to Reasons Is Epistemic
    • 3. Objects of Knowledge versus Objects of Belief
    • 4. Evidence Supporting Animal Belief Better Supports Animal Knowledge
    • 5. An Argument against Animal Belief
    • 6. Animal Agency
    • 7. Explaining Belief versus Explaining Knowledge
    • 8. Aside on Why Human (But Not Animal) Perception Is Conceptual
  • 4: Rational Explanation and Rational Causation
    • 1. Causation and Rational Explanation
      • 1.1 Synthesizing Causal Concepts
      • 1.2 Rylean Conceptual Analysis
      • 1.3 Davidson’s Central Argument
      • 1.4 Davidson on the Relation between Causation and Explanation
      • 1.5 Steward on the Relation between Causation and Explanation
      • 1.6 Kinds of Causation
    • 2. Rational Causation
      • 2.1 Rational Causation as the Manifestation of Rational Abilities
      • 2.2 Objections
  • 5: Events and States
    • 1. Objects, Events, and Sortals
      • 1.1 Object-Sortals
      • 1.2 Event-Types
    • 2. States and Events-in-Progress
      • 2.1 States
        • 2.1.1 States Are Dissective, Not Unitary
        • 2.1.2 Two Kinds of Persistence
        • 2.1.3 States Are Negatable
        • 2.1.4 States Are Mass-Quantified
      • 2.2 Events-in-Progress
  • 6: Physicalism
    • 1. Physicalist Arguments Foiled
      • 1.1 The Causal Analysis of Mental Concepts
      • 1.2 The Principle of the Nomological Character of Causality
      • 1.3 The Causal Completeness of the Physical Realm
    • 2. Physicalist Positions Refuted
      • 2.1 Mental Events
      • 2.2 Mental States and the Doctrine of Token-Identity
      • 2.3. Mental States Are Not Physical
      • 2.4 Mental Facts
    • 3. Supervenience
  • Acknowledgments
  • Index

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