Cover: The Virgin and the Bride in PAPERBACK

The Virgin and the Bride

Idealized Womanhood in Late Antiquity

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PAPERBACK

$34.00 • £24.95 • €30.50

ISBN 9780674939509

Publication: May 1999

Short

192 pages

6 x 9 inches

World

Cooper’s focus...is the tension between virginity and marriage as Christian ideals during the rise of the ascetic movement, and her main strength is her insistence that theological debates did not take place in a cultural vacuum but within the parameters set by traditional Graeco-Roman views of sexuality. She goes further than many previous writers on this period in her confident integration of the ’classical’ and ’theological’ sources; and she is surely right to identify the reluctance of classicists to get mixed up with theologians, the ’anti-intellectual population of religious fanatics’, as one of the reasons why interdisciplinary work on church history is still relatively rare...[An] excellent study. —Helen King, Times Literary Supplement

Kate Cooper proposes persuasive ways of looking at virginity and the married state for women from the second century to the sixth…She is good on the novelistic genres, insisting on understanding them. —Paul McKechnie , Ecclesiastical Journal

This elegant and lucid study seeks to alter the belief among many historians that asceticism played a central role in ancient Christian women’s lifestyles and sense of identity. Cooper’s narrative takes refreshingly unexpected turns as she leads the reader through Apocryphal Acts and fourth-century Roman’s ascetic and anti-ascetic literature to Gregory the Great, fictionalized martyrs’ tales and a spiritual manual for married women dating from the fifth or sixth century. She also makes astute use of archaeological evidence. Through these fragmentary sources she discerns the honourable figure of the chaste and fruitful Christian wife, whom she seeks to restore as the leading representation of idealized woman hood in Late Antiquity. —Verna Harrison, Journal of Theological Studies [UK]

This book explores the values of marriage and virginity during the centuries in which Rome was changed from a pagan to a Christian empire. Unlike most of the books on this period, this one places literate Romans, instead of Christian polemicists, at the center of the narrative...Cooper makes an unusual and convincing case that [Hellenistic romantic tales] in fact articulate a highly conservative position that placed marriage at the center of civic responsibility...In addition to offering a fresh look at familiar sources (like Plutarch and the Apocryphal Acts), this book shows the historical value of largely ignored sources (such as romantic novels)...A pleasure to read, and full of unusual insights about Rome, literature, power, and gender. —Joyce E. Salisbury, The Historian

A study of one of the phenomena of late antiquity, the cult of virginity...[It is] full of flashes of insight.Virginia Quarterly Review

Informed by socio-linguistic theory and well-grounded in social history, Cooper’s study sheds considerable new light on the rhetorical processes by which Christianity contributed to the transformation of late ancient society, especially in matters of gender and sexuality...Cooper has established herself as an important voice in the ongoing discussion of asceticism and gender in early Christianity. —David G. Hunter, Catholic Historical Review

Boy meets girl, boy converts girl, soldiers torture and kill girl--texts about women from late antiquity tell us less about the women who populate them than about the men who wrote them. Cooper argues that the Christian claim to moral superiority via the rejection of marriage--and the replacement of the stock piles of ancient romance novels with Christian plots--were rhetorical rather than descriptive or prescriptive in nature. Yet rhetoric can shape experience. Cooper recognizes that by the fifth and sixth centuries ’the widespread adaptation of Christian literary forms to the uses of the leisured and literate classes resulted in a new, perhaps unprecedented, attention to the problem of how female readers might apprehend the Christian heroines,’ but earlier writings too, whether or not intended for that purpose, did have an impact on ’the self-understanding and behavior of actual women.’ —Ruth Mazo Karras, Common Knowledge

This book is an intelligent addition to a growing field of scholarly work which seeks to understand the role(s) and position(s) of women in late antiquity (and the early Christian period) by analyzing the sources using modern techniques, rather than by projecting modern sensibilities into the past. It is possible that some readers outside the English-speaking world will not fully understand what that means, and might be tempted to dismiss the book as ’women’s studies’. That would be unfortunate...One can hope that the book’s suggestions will be followed up in detail. —Edward J. Mroz, Analecta Bollandiana

This elegant and lucid study seeks to alter the belief among many historians that asceticism played a central role in ancient Christian women’s lifestyles and sense of identity. Cooper’s narrative takes refreshingly unexpected turns as she leads the reader through diverse texts ranging from Plutarch and hellenistic novels through anti-ascetic literature to Gregory the Great, fictionalized martyrs’ tales and a spiritual manual for married women dating from the fifth or sixth century. She also makes astute use of archaeological evidence. Through these fragmentory sources she discerns the honourable figure of the chaste and fruitful Christian wife, whom she seeks to restore as the leading representation of idealized womanhood in Late Antiquity.Journal of Theological Studies [UK]