Harvard Oriental Series

Below is a list of in-print works in this collection, presented in series order or publication order as applicable.

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46.Cover: The Navya-Nyaya Doctrine of Negation: The Semantics and Ontology of Negative Statements in Navya-Nyaya Philosophy

The Navya-Nyaya Doctrine of Negation: The Semantics and Ontology of Negative Statements in Navya-Nyaya Philosophy

Matilal, Bimal Krishnal

The Navya-nyaya (“New Method”) school of logic has exerted a profound influence on Indian philosophy since the twelfth century. In this system, with its hierarchy of abstractions rather than of classes, the doctrine of negation is crucial. Bimal Krishnal Matilal expounds Navya-nyaya theory by systematically translating its arguments into the language of Western logic. He also provides texts and literal translations of two standard works on negation, one each from the orthodox and the radical wings of the school, and a detailed commentary of his own upon them.

49.Cover: The <i>Dhvanyaloka</i> of Anandavardhana with the <i>Locana</i> of Abhinavagupta

The Dhvanyaloka of Anandavardhana with the Locana of Abhinavagupta

Ingalls, Daniel H. H.
Masson, Jeffrey Moussaieff
Patwardhan, M. V.

For nearly a thousand years the brilliant analysis of aesthetic experience set forth in the Locana of Abhinavagupta, India’s founding literary critic, has dominated traditional Indian theory on poetics and aesthetics. The Locana, presented here in English translation for the first time, is a commentary on the ninth-century Dhvanyaloka of Anandavardhana, which is itself the pivotal work in the history of Indian poetics.

50.Cover: Rig Veda: A Metrically Restored Text with an Introduction and Notes

Rig Veda: A Metrically Restored Text with an Introduction and Notes

Van Nooten, Barend
Holland, Gary

This edition of Rig Veda presents the text (in Roman characters) in its original metrical arrangement and closely approximates the pronunciation of the time of its composition. Restorations deviating from the received Samhita text are printed in italics, so the traditional text can easily be reconstituted without reference to other editions.

51.Cover: The Goindval Pothis: The Earliest Extant Source of the Sikh Canon

The Goindval Pothis: The Earliest Extant Source of the Sikh Canon

Mann, Gurinder Singh

This volume explores the earliest available version of the Sikh canon. The book contains the first critical description and partial edition of the Goindval Pothis, a set of proto-scriptural manuscripts prepared in the 1570s. The manuscripts also contain a number of hymns by non-Sikh saints, some of them not found elsewhere.

52.Cover: Saunakiya Caturadhyayika: A Pratisakhya of the Saunakiya Atharvaveda

Saunakiya Caturadhyayika: A Pratisakhya of the Saunakiya Atharvaveda

Deshpande, Madhav M.

A detailed discussion by the editor complements this critical edition and translation of the phonetical treatise (Prātisākhya) of the Saunaka Samhita, one of two versions of the second oldest Indian text, the Saunaka Atharvaveda. The 19th century edition of the text by W.D. Whitney has long been out of date; this reevaluation provides insights into early grammatical thought and helps to re-establish the textual tradition of the Atharvaveda.

53.Cover: Srngaraprakasa of Bhoja, Part 1

Srngaraprakasa of Bhoja, Part 1

Raghavan, Venkatarama

This edition is based on new manuscripts of this important treatise on classical Sanskrit poetics. It was composed by the famous eleventh-century King Bhoja of Malwa (W. India), a patron of traditional learning. The text has never received a complete critical edition. It is important not only because of the theoretical treatment of the erotic sentiment (srngara) in classical Sanskrit texts. It is also a mine of quotations from extant and also from lost Sanskrit and Prakrit poetical texts.

55.Cover: Nepalese Shaman Oral Texts, I

Nepalese Shaman Oral Texts, I

Maskarinec, Gregory G.

Containing three representative repertoires and over 250 texts, this bilingual (Nepali and English) volume includes both publicly chanted recitals and privately whispered spells of Western Nepal’s three leading shamans, annotated with extensive notes.

56.Cover: Caitanya Caritamrta of Krsnadasa Kaviraja: A Translation and Commentary

Caitanya Caritamrta of Krsnadasa Kaviraja: A Translation and Commentary

Stewart, Tony K.

The Caitanya Caritamrta is an early-seventeenth-century Bengali and Sanskrit biography of the great saint and Vaisnava leader Caitanya (1486-1533 c.e.), by the poet and scholar Krsnadasa, who has been given by Bengali tradition the title Kaviraja--"Prince of Poets."

57.Cover: Sāmaveda Samhitā of the Kauthuma School: With Padapāṭha and the commentaries of Madhava, Bharatasvāmin and Sayaṇa, Volume 1: Pūrvārcika

Sāmaveda Samhitā of the Kauthuma School: With Padapāṭha and the commentaries of Madhava, Bharatasvāmin and Sayaṇa, Volume 1: Pūrvārcika

Sharma, B. R.

The Samaveda contains the earliest tradition of music from India. It presents largely Rigvedic textual material in a form arranged for singing in the solemn Srauta ritual. Since the first editions by Theodor Benfey (1848) and Satyavrata Samasrami (1874-1899), there has been no complete, accented edition that also included all its important commentaries. The present edition is based on manuscripts collected from all over India and Europe. B. R. Sharma, Dean of Samaveda Studies, presents the accented text, its Padapatha, and the commentaries of Madhava, Bharata-Svamin, and Sayana in three volumes totaling 2,500 pages.

58.Cover: Sāmaveda Samhitā of the Kauthuma School: With Padapāṭha and the commentaries of Madhava, Bharatasvāmin and Sayaṇa, Volume 2: Uttarārcika

Sāmaveda Samhitā of the Kauthuma School: With Padapāṭha and the commentaries of Madhava, Bharatasvāmin and Sayaṇa, Volume 2: Uttarārcika

Sharma, B. R.

60.Cover: The Yogasastra of Hemacandra: A Twelfth Century Handbook on Svetambara Jainism

The Yogasastra of Hemacandra: A Twelfth Century Handbook on Svetambara Jainism

Qvarnström, Olle

61.Cover: Recitational Permutations of the Saunakiya Atharvaveda

Recitational Permutations of the Saunakiya Atharvaveda

Deshpande, Madhav M.

This is a critical edition of the Kramapatha and Jatapatha forms of recitational permutations of several sections of the Saunakiya Atharvaveda available in six rare manuscripts found in Pune, India. Such recitational variations for the Atharvaveda are no longer available in the surviving oral tradition in India, and hence the texts, critically edited here, provide rare access to these materials.

62.Cover: Early Tamil Epigraphy from the Earliest Times to the Sixth Century A.D.

Early Tamil Epigraphy from the Earliest Times to the Sixth Century A.D.

Mahadevan, Iravatham

This book presents the earliest South Indian inscriptions (ca. second century B.C. to sixth century A.D.), written in Tamil in local derivations of the Ashokan Brahmi script. They are the earliest known Dravidian documents available and show some overlap with the early Cera and Pandya dynasties. The work includes texts, transliteration, translation, detailed commentary, inscriptional glossary, and indexes.

63.Cover: Der Rig-Veda, Aus dem Sanskrit ins Deutsche Übersetzt und mit einem laufenden  Kommentar versehen von Karl Friedrich Geldner

Der Rig-Veda, Aus dem Sanskrit ins Deutsche Übersetzt und mit einem laufenden Kommentar versehen von Karl Friedrich Geldner

Geldner, Karl Friedrich

The Rig Veda is the oldest Indian and one of the oldest Indo-European texts. It has been translated in scholarly fashion only once during the twentieth century, and that was into German in 1951 by K. F. Geldner. Geldner’s volumes have long been out of print; they are reprinted here in one useful reference volume.

64.Cover: An Early Tibetan Survey of Buddhist Literature: The <i>Bstan pa rgyas pa rgyan gyi nyi ‘od</i> of Bcom Idan ral gri

An Early Tibetan Survey of Buddhist Literature: The Bstan pa rgyas pa rgyan gyi nyi ‘od of Bcom Idan ral gri

Schaeffer, Kurtis R.
van der Kuijp, Leonard W. J.

This study and edition of Bcom Idan ral gri’s (1227–1305) Bstan pa rgyas pa rgyan gyi nyi ’od was likely composed in the late 13th century. It is a systematic list of Sutras, Tantras, Shastras, and related genres translated primarily from Sanskrit and other Indic languages, holding a vital place in the history of Buddhist literature.

65.Cover: Katha Aranyaka: Critical Edition with a Translation into German and an Introduction

Katha Aranyaka: Critical Edition with a Translation into German and an Introduction

Witzel, Michael

Dating to the first half of the first millennium BCE, the Katha Aranyaka is a ritualistic and speculative text that deals with a dangerous Vedic ritual that provides its sponsor with a new body after death. In a new critical edition, Michael Witzel presents this work which transitions the Vedic ritual into the philosophy of the Upanishads.

66.Cover: An Updated Vedic Concordance: Maurice Bloomfield’s <i>A Vedic Concordance</i> Enhanced with New Material Taken from Seven Vedic Texts

An Updated Vedic Concordance: Maurice Bloomfield’s A Vedic Concordance Enhanced with New Material Taken from Seven Vedic Texts

Franceschini, Marco

After one hundred years, the well-known Vedic Concordance of Maurice Bloomfield has finally been updated. The first edition, published in 1906, was a complete alphabetic index of all Vedic mantras then known. Several important texts belonging to the oldest stratum of Indian literature have been published since and are included in this new edition.

67.Cover: Sugata Saurabha: An Epic Poem from Nepal on the Life of the Buddha

Sugata Saurabha: An Epic Poem from Nepal on the Life of the Buddha

Hrdaya, Chittadhar
Lewis, Todd T.
Tuladhar, Subarna Man

The poem was composed by the greatest modern writer in Newari language, Hrdaya (1906–1982), while he was imprisoned by the autocratic strongly pro-Hindu Rana regime that governed Nepal from the mid-nineteenth to the mid-twentieth century. In nineteen long cantos, the Sugata Saurabha tells of the life of the Buddha, following the traditional accounts, but situates it in the strongly local context of Newar and Nepali Buddhism.

68.Cover: Nepalese Shaman Oral Texts, II: Texts of the Bhuji Valley

Nepalese Shaman Oral Texts, II: Texts of the Bhuji Valley

Maskarinec, Gregory G.

This volume is a bilingual collection of shaman oral texts from the Bhuji Valley of Western Nepal, in the original Nepali and with line-by-line English translation. Accompanying the book is a DVD of audio recordings of the texts, supplementary texts, videos of shaman performances, and additional video and photographic documentation.

69.Cover: Rai Mythology: Kiranti Oral Texts

Rai Mythology: Kiranti Oral Texts

Ebert, Karen H.
Gaenszle, Martin

The more than two dozen Rai languages in eastern Nepal, which make up the larger part of the Kiranti language family, are linguistically highly varied. This volume for the first time brings together different variants of myths from various Rai languages, presenting them with linguistic glossings in interlinear translations.

70.Cover: Bhaviveka and His Buddhist Opponents: Chapters 4 and 5 of the Verses on the Heart of the Middle Way (<i>Madhyamakahrdayakarikah</i>) with the Commentary Entitled The Flame of Reason (<i>Tarkajvala</i>)

Bhaviveka and His Buddhist Opponents: Chapters 4 and 5 of the Verses on the Heart of the Middle Way (Madhyamakahrdayakarikah) with the Commentary Entitled The Flame of Reason (Tarkajvala)

Eckel, Malcolm David

Bhāviveka (ca. 500–560 CE) lived at a time of unusual creativity and ferment in the history of Indian Buddhist philosophy. Bhāviveka’s “Verses on the Heart of the Middle Way” (Madhyamakahrdayakārikā) with their commentary, known as “The Flame of Reason” (Tarkajvālā), give a unique and authoritative account of the intellectual differences that stirred the Buddhist community in this creative period.

71.Cover: The Teleology of Poetics in Medieval Kashmir

The Teleology of Poetics in Medieval Kashmir

McCrea, Lawrence J.

This book examines the revolution in Sanskrit poetics initiated by the ninth-century Kashmiri Anandavardhana. Anandavardhana replaced the formalist aesthetic of earlier poeticians with one stressing the unifunctionality of literary texts, arguing that all components of a work should subserve the communication of a single emotional mood (rasa).

72.Cover: The Bhaikṣukī Manuscript of the <i>Candrālaṃkāra</i>: Study, Script Tables, and Facsimile Edition

The Bhaikṣukī Manuscript of the Candrālaṃkāra: Study, Script Tables, and Facsimile Edition

Dimitrov, Dragomir

This volume discusses the Bhaikṣukī manuscript of the Candrālaṃkāra (“Ornament of the Moon”), a commentary of the twelfth century based on the Cāndravyākaraṇa, Candragomin’s seminal Buddhist grammar of Sanskrit (fifth century). The detailed study of this codex unicus of the Candrālaṃkāra is accompanied by a facsimile edition and extensive tables of the script.

73.Cover: The Law Code of Visnu: A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation of the Vaisnava-Dharmasastra

The Law Code of Visnu: A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation of the Vaisnava-Dharmasastra

Olivelle, Patrick

The Law Code of Visnu (Vaisnava-Dharmasastra) is one of the latest of the ancient Indian legal texts composed around the 7th century CE in Kashmir. The only Dharmasastra that can be geographically located, it introduces some interesting and new elements into the discussion of Dharmasastric topics and will be of interest to both legal scholars and cultural historians. The new elements include the first Dharmasastric evidence for a wife burning herself at her husband’s cremation and the intrusion of devotional religion (bhakti) into Dharmasastras. This volume contains a critical edition of the Sanskrit text based on 15 manuscripts, an annotated English translation, and an introduction evaluating its textual history, its connections to previous Dharmasastras, its date and provenance, its structure and content, and the use made of it by later medieval writers.

74.Cover: Ethnographic Notes on the Mru and Khumi of the Chittagong and Arakan Hill Tracts: A Contribution to our Knowledge of South and Southeast Asian Indigenous Peoples mainly based on field research in the Southern Chittagong Hill Tracts

Ethnographic Notes on the Mru and Khumi of the Chittagong and Arakan Hill Tracts: A Contribution to our Knowledge of South and Southeast Asian Indigenous Peoples mainly based on field research in the Southern Chittagong Hill Tracts

Löffler, Lorenz G.

This book interprets the ethnography of the Mru and Khumi, Tibeto-Burmese speaking horticulturalists who practice swidden agriculture in the hills straddling Bangladesh, India, and Burma. Their material and spiritual cultures are described in detail here, from dwellings to religious rituals. Nearly a hundred color photographs provide illustration.

75.Cover: The Foundation for Yoga Practitioners: The Buddhist <i>Yogācārabhūmi</i> Treatise and Its Adaptation in India, East Asia, and Tibet

The Foundation for Yoga Practitioners: The Buddhist Yogācārabhūmi Treatise and Its Adaptation in India, East Asia, and Tibet

Kragh, Ulrich Timme

The fourth-century Sanskrit treatise Yogācārabhūmi is the largest Indian text on Buddhist meditation. In The Foundation for Yoga Practitioners, leading Buddhist scholars from across the globe offer a critical summary of the work, elaborate on its compositional background, and reveal its reception history in India, China, and Tibet.

76.Cover: The Earliest Missionary Grammar of Tamil: Fr. Henriques' <i>Arte da Lingua Malabar</i>: Translation, History, and Analysis

The Earliest Missionary Grammar of Tamil: Fr. Henriques' Arte da Lingua Malabar: Translation, History, and Analysis

Arte da Lingua Malabar, a sixteenth-century grammar of Tamil written in Portuguese by a Jesuit missionary, reflects the first linguistic contact between India and the West. This English translation by Jeanne Hein and V. S. Rajam also includes analysis of the grammar and a description of the political context in which it was written.

77.Cover: Brahmanical Theories of the Gift: A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation of the <i>Dānakānda</i> of the <i>Krtyakalpataru</i>

Brahmanical Theories of the Gift: A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation of the Dānakānda of the Krtyakalpataru

Brick, David

Brahmanical Theories of the Gift constitutes the first critical edition and translation into any modern language of a dānanibandha, a classical Hindu legal digest devoted to the culturally and religiously important topic of gifting. David Brick has included an extensive historical introduction to the text and its subject matter.

78.Cover: Bhāviveka on Sāmkhya and Vedānta: The Sāmkhya and Vedānta Chapters of the <i>Madhyamakahrdayakārikā</i> and <i>Tarkajvālā</i>

Bhāviveka on Sāmkhya and Vedānta: The Sāmkhya and Vedānta Chapters of the Madhyamakahrdayakārikā and Tarkajvālā

Qvarnström, Olle

The Madhyamakahrdayakārikā along with its auto-commentary, the Tarkajvālā, is the earliest work to examine Śrāvaka, Yogācāra, Sāmkhya, Vaiśesika, Vedānta, and Mīmāmsā in detail. Olle Qvarnström provides a critical edition and English translation of the Sāmkhya and Vedānta chapters of this treatise and a historical introduction.

79.Cover: The Toda Landscape: Explorations in Cultural Ecology

The Toda Landscape: Explorations in Cultural Ecology

Chhabra, Tarun

Tarun Chhabra offers detailed ethnographic descriptions of multiple aspects of the culture of the Todas, the oldest inhabitants of the Nilgiri Hills of South India. Chhabra’s prologue details his journey to becoming a Toda “insider.” The text and appendices include significant new data, and the book represents a major breakthrough in Toda studies.

80.Cover: Materialien zur Prasun-Sprache des Afghanischen Hindukusch, Teil I: Texte und Glossar

Materialien zur Prasun-Sprache des Afghanischen Hindukusch, Teil I: Texte und Glossar

Buddruss, Georg
Degener, Almuth

Prasun is a non-literary, unwritten language spoken in the Prasun Valley that varies from village to village. The texts in this volume were collected in 1956 and 1970. Included are all the texts collected, a German translation, a glossary, lists of numbers, place and personal names, the Prasun calendar system, and a brief Introduction in English.

81.Cover: Materials Toward the Study of Vasubandhu’s <i>Viṁśikā</i> (I): Sanskrit and Tibetan Critical Editions of the Verses and Autocommentary; An English Translation and Annotations

Materials Toward the Study of Vasubandhu’s Viṁśikā (I): Sanskrit and Tibetan Critical Editions of the Verses and Autocommentary; An English Translation and Annotations

Silk, Jonathan A.

Jonathan A. Silk provides the most comprehensive philological accounting of this fundamental work of Indian Buddhist philosopher Vasubandhu. The edition and translation of the Sanskrit text includes core verses and author commentary based directly on manuscript evidence, accompanied by texts from the Tibetan Tanjurs and a manuscript from Dunhuang.

82.Cover: An Early Text on the History of Rwa sgreng Monastery: The <i>Rgyal ba’i dben gnas rwa sgreng gi bshad pa nyi ma’i ’od zer</i> of ’Brom Shes rab me lce

An Early Text on the History of Rwa sgreng Monastery: The Rgyal ba’i dben gnas rwa sgreng gi bshad pa nyi ma’i ’od zer of ’Brom Shes rab me lce

Iuchi, Maho

Maho Iuchi presents the first known work devoted solely to Rwa sgreng monastery, the mother monastery of the Bka’ gdams school founded by ’Brom ston Rgyal ba’i ’byung gnas in 1057. This illuminates the history of Rwa sgreng monastery and the early Bka’ gdams school—and more broadly, important aspects of Tibetan history.

83.Cover: Into Sūr’s Ocean: Poetry, Context, and Commentary

Into Sūr’s Ocean: Poetry, Context, and Commentary

Hawley, John Stratton

Into Sūr’s Ocean picks up many threads from Sur’s Ocean, a volume in the Murty Classical Library of India, translated by John Stratton Hawley. In this book, Hawley provides a substantial introduction to Surdas, the great sixteenth century Hindi poet; an overview of editions; an analysis of the translation; and commentary on 433 poems.

84.Cover: Materialien zur Prasun-Sprache des Afghanischen Hindukusch, Teil II: Grammatik

Materialien zur Prasun-Sprache des Afghanischen Hindukusch, Teil II: Grammatik

Buddruss, Georg
Degener, Almuth

Georg Buddruss collected source texts in the Prasun Valley in 1956 and 1970, in several dialectal varieties. The present volume is the outcome of extensive work on this text corpus, and represents a major contribution to studies of Nuristani and other languages of the Hindukush-Karakoram region.

85.Cover: Lokaprakāśa by Kṣemendra with the commentary of Sahaja Bhaṭṭa, Volume 1

Lokaprakāśa by Kṣemendra with the commentary of Sahaja Bhaṭṭa, Volume 1

Kṣemendra
Bhaṭṭa, Sahaja
Witzel, Michael

Long lost, the edition of this significant text has been recovered in the Société Asiatique in Paris and is now published here. Lokaprakāśa by Kṣemendra with the commentary of Sahaja Bhaṭṭa fills a large gap in our knowledge of private life and public administration in medieval India and will greatly interest Sanskritists and historians.

86.Cover: Materials for the Study of Gurung Pe, Volume I

Materials for the Study of Gurung Pe, Volume I

Strickland, Simon

The Nepalese Gurung recitations known as pe form a diverse group of oral narratives performed by a medicine man or shaman to promote health and prosperity. This two-volume set includes an analytical introduction, 13,000 lines of annotated transcriptions for 92 pe, color plate illustrations, and field recordings on an accompanying DVD.

87.Cover: Materials for the Study of Gurung Pe, Volume II

Materials for the Study of Gurung Pe, Volume II

Strickland, Simon

The Nepalese Gurung recitations known as pe form a diverse group of oral narratives performed by a medicine man or shaman to promote health and prosperity. This two-volume set includes an analytical introduction, 13,000 lines of annotated transcriptions for 92 pe, color plate illustrations, and field recordings on an accompanying DVD.

88.Cover: A Comparative Dictionary of Raute and Rawat: Tibeto-Burman Languages of the Central Himalayas

A Comparative Dictionary of Raute and Rawat: Tibeto-Burman Languages of the Central Himalayas

Fortier, Jana

The Raute and Rawat people of the central Himalayan region live by hunting, gathering, and trading wooden carvings. A Comparative Dictionary of Raute and Rawat provides a useful reference work with new information about the speakers’ ethnic identities and culturally significant plants, animals, deities, and material culture.

89.Cover: Guardian of a Dying Flame: Śāriputra (c. 1335–1426) and the End of Late Indian Buddhism

Guardian of a Dying Flame: Śāriputra (c. 1335–1426) and the End of Late Indian Buddhism

McKeown, Arthur

Arthur McKeown examines newly revealed Tibetan and Chinese biographies of Śāriputra and a collection of historical documents in Sanskrit, Tibetan, and Chinese. These sources point to a fundamental reconsideration of later Indian Buddhism, its relationship with Brahmanism and Islam, and its enduring importance throughout Asia.

90.Cover: Lokaprakāśa by Kṣemendra with the commentary of Sahaja Bhaṭṭa, Volume 2

Lokaprakāśa by Kṣemendra with the commentary of Sahaja Bhaṭṭa, Volume 2

Kṣemendra
Bhaṭṭa, Sahaja
Witzel, Michael

Long lost, the edition of this significant text has been recovered in the Société Asiatique in Paris and is now published here. Lokaprakāśa by Kṣemendra with the commentary of Sahaja Bhaṭṭa fills a large gap in our knowledge of private life and public administration in medieval India and will greatly interest Sanskritists and historians.

92.Cover: The Two Oldest Veda Manuscripts: Facsimile Edition of Vājasaneyi Saṃhitā 1–20 (Saṃhitā- and Padapāṭha) from Nepal and Western Tibet (c. 1150 CE)

The Two Oldest Veda Manuscripts: Facsimile Edition of Vājasaneyi Saṃhitā 1–20 (Saṃhitā- and Padapāṭha) from Nepal and Western Tibet (c. 1150 CE)

Witzel, Michael
Wu, Qinyuan

93.Cover: Ritual Speech in the Himalayas: Oral Texts and Their Contexts

Ritual Speech in the Himalayas: Oral Texts and Their Contexts

Gaenszle, Martin

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