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Standards Deviation

Standards Deviation

How Schools Misunderstand Education Policy

James P. Spillane

ISBN 9780674021099

Publication date: 04/30/2006

What happens to federal and state policies as they move from legislative chambers to individual districts, schools, and, ultimately, classrooms? Although policy implementation is generally seen as an administrative problem, James Spillane reminds us that it is also a psychological problem.

After intensively studying several school districts' responses to new statewide science and math teaching policies in the early 1990s, Spillane argues that administrators and teachers are inclined to assimilate new policies into current practices. As new programs are communicated through administrative levels, the understanding of them becomes increasingly distorted, no matter how sincerely the new ideas are endorsed. Such patterns of well-intentioned misunderstanding highlight the need for systematic training and continuing support for the local administrators and teachers who are entrusted with carrying out large-scale educational change, classroom by classroom.


  • James P. Spillane is Professor of Human Development, Social Policy, and Learning Sciences, at Northwestern University.

Book Details

  • 220 pages
  • 0-1/2 x 5-1/2 x 8-1/4 inches
  • Harvard University Press