Skip to main content

30% Off New Releases: Explore the List

Harvard University Press - home
At Women’s Expense

At Women’s Expense

State Power and the Politics of Fetal Rights

Cynthia R. Daniels

ISBN 9780674050440

Publication date: 09/01/1996

Some say the fetus is the “tiniest citizen.” If so, then the bodies of women themselves have become political arenas—or, recent cases suggest, battlefields. A cocaine-addicted mother is convicted of drug trafficking through the umbilical cord. Women employees at a battery plant must prove infertility to keep their jobs. A terminally ill woman is forced to undergo a cesarean section. No longer concerned with conception or motherhood, the new politics of fetal rights focuses on fertility and pregnancy itself, on a woman’s relationship with the fetus. How exactly, Cynthia Daniels asks, does this affect a woman’s rights? Are they different from a man’s? And how has the state helped determine the difference? The answers, rigorously pursued throughout this book, give us a clear look into the state’s paradoxical role in gender politics—as both a challenger of injustice and an agent of social control.

In benchmark legal cases concerned with forced medical treatment, fetal protectionism in the workplace, and drug and alcohol use and abuse, Daniels shows us state power at work in the struggle between fetal rights and women’s rights. These cases raise critical questions about the impact of gender on women’s standing as citizens, and about the relationship between state power and gender inequality. Fully appreciating the difficulties of each case, the author probes the subtleties of various positions and their implications for a deeper understanding of how a woman’s reproductive capability affects her relationship to state power. In her analysis, the need to defend women’s right to self-sovereignty becomes clear, but so does the need to define further the very concepts of self-sovereignty and privacy.

The intensity of the debate over fetal rights suggests the depth of the current gender crisis and the force of the feelings of social dislocation generated by reproductive politics. Breaking through the public mythology that clouds these debates, At Women’s Expense makes a hopeful beginning toward liberating woman’s body within the body politic.

Praise

  • Daniels vividly depicts the darker side of intensified political attention to motherhood and childbirth… [She] deftly exposes flaws in the scientific research supporting fetal-protection policies and points to troubling inconsistencies in the policies themselves.

    —Seana Shiffrin, Times Literary Supplement

Author

  • Cynthia R. Daniels is Assistant Professor of Political Science at Rutgers University.

Book Details

  • 191 pages
  • 6-1/8 x 9-1/4 inches
  • Harvard University Press

Recommendations