Historians have traditionally used the discourses of free trade and laissez faire to explain the development of political economy during the Enlightenment. But from Sophus Reinert’s perspective, eighteenth-century political economy can be understood only in the context of the often brutal imperial rivalries then unfolding in Europe and its former colonies and the positive consequences of active economic policy. The idea of economic emulation was the prism through which philosophers, ministers, reformers, and even merchants thought about economics, as well as industrial policy and reform, in the early modern period. With the rise of the British Empire, European powers and others sought to selectively emulate the British model.
In mapping the general history of economic translations between 1500 and 1849, and particularly tracing the successive translations of the Bristol merchant John Cary’s seminal 1695 Essay on the State of England, Reinert makes a compelling case for the way that England’s aggressively nationalist policies, especially extensive tariffs and other intrusive market interventions, were adopted in France, Italy, Germany, and Scandinavia before providing the blueprint for independence in the New World. Relatively forgotten today, Cary’s work served as the basis for an international move toward using political economy as the prime tool of policymaking and industrial expansion.
Reinert’s work challenges previous narratives about the origins of political economy and invites the current generation of economists to reexamine the foundations, and future, of their discipline.
It is rare to read a work of such originality and creativity, as well as breadth of ambition: With Reinert's evidence in hand, the entire history of economic thought and the origins of imperial industrialism will have to be reconsidered.
Translating Empire convincingly argues that the development of eighteenth-century political economy must be understood in the context of the often brutal rivalries unfolding in Europe and its colonial peripheries. It is a welcome antidote to the historical literature that has used the discourse of free trade to explain Enlightenment-era political economy.
- 2012, Winner of the Joseph J. Spengler Best Book Prize
- 2012, Winner of the George L. Mosse Prize
- 456 pages
- 6-1/8 x 9-1/4 inches
- Harvard University Press
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