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Journals and Miscellaneous Notebooks of Ralph Waldo Emerson, Volume VII: 1838–1842

Journals and Miscellaneous Notebooks of Ralph Waldo Emerson, Volume VII: 1838–1842

Ralph Waldo Emerson

Edited by A. W. Plumstead and Harrison Hayford

ISBN 9780674484573

Publication date: 01/01/1969

When Ralph Waldo Emerson began these journals in June of 1838, he “had achieved initial success in each of his main forms of public utterance. The days of finding his proper role and public voice were now behind him…and his…personal life had healed from earlier wounds.” Now he was married to Lydia Jackson of Plymouth and was the father of a young son, Waldo. They lived in a large, comfortable house in Concord, only a half-day’s drive from Boston but close to the solitude of nature. Still to come was the controversy he would create by his address to the graduating class at Harvard Divinity School, an address in which he would say that the Divinity School trained ministers for a dead church. These journals record his responses to the severe criticism and trace his struggles as he overcame the stings of attack with a growing confidence in himself as a thinker, lecturer, and writer.

In addition to introspective writings, the journals contain Emerson’s observations on his reading, on his country, especially during the presidential campaign of 1840, on slavery, on art and nature, on religion and the need for a new understanding of its meaning, and on love. His relations with such close friends as Bronson Alcott and Margaret Fuller also are reflected here, as are his developing friendships with Thoreau, Jones Very, Samuel Ward, Caroline Sturgis, and William Ellery Channing, the poet.

During this period he gave three series of lectures and published his second book, Essays, which contains some of his greatest work: “Self Reliance,” “Compensation,” and “The Over-Soul.” The major workshop for Essays, these journals are indispensable for the study of Emerson’s creative processes. Many entries are published here for the first time, including experimental lists of topics for Essays and possibly the earliest draft of the poem “The Sphinx.”

For Emerson, the journal was one of the most important of literary genres. His own journals not only formed his “artificial memory,” but became “a living part of him.” He later wrote, “The man is only half himself, the other half is his expression.”


  • The span of time covered by these journals must surely be the most important of Emerson’s literary career…This volume, like those in the series that preceded it, is well edited and printed…The journals throw a good deal of light on the meaning of the essays…They have much to say of Emerson’s contemporaries, especially Thoreau, who became an intimate friend during these years.

    —Virginia Quarterly Review


  • A. W. Plumstead is Professor of English at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst.
  • Harrison Hayford is Professor of English at Northwestern University.

Book Details

  • 600 pages
  • 6-1/8 x 9-1/4 inches
  • Belknap Press

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