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Organizational Ecology

Organizational Ecology

Michael T. Hannan, John Freeman

ISBN 9780674643499

Publication date: 01/01/1993

Michael T. Hannan and John Freeman examine the ecology of organizations by exploring the competition for resources and by trying to account for rates of entry and exit and for the diversity of organizational forms. They show that the destinies of organizations are determined more by impersonal forces than by the intervention of individuals.


  • Organizational Ecology is an exceptional book. It is at several points an exemplar of integrating formal theory with sophisticated empirical research… The future will look back to…the period when theory emerged to formalize the temporal component in the relationship between competition and formal organization. The key book in that long look back will be Hannan and Freeman’s Organizational Ecology. This is a book in which we can all take pride as sociologists.

    —Ronald S. Burt, American Journal of Sociology


  • Michael T. Hannan is Professor of Sociology, Stanford University.
  • John Freeman is Professor, Graduate School of Management, Cornell University.

Book Details

  • 384 pages
  • 6-1/8 x 9-1/4 inches
  • Harvard University Press