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Urban Planning and Civic Order in Germany, 1860–1914

Urban Planning and Civic Order in Germany, 1860–1914

Brian Ladd

ISBN 9780674931152

Publication date: 08/20/1990

This unique contribution to social and urban history describes the struggle of prosperous German bourgeois leaders to bring order to their rapidly growing cities during the tumultuous age of industrial expansion in the decades before World War I. Brian Ladd sets the emerging theory and practice of city planning in the context of debates about the nature of the modern city and the possibility of improving society by regulating its physical environment. In so doing, he reveals the extent to which modern city planning is a product of the aspirations, prejudices, and frustrations of the German burghers who created it.

He sifts through the often contradictory motives underlying public health works (including waterworks, sewers, baths, and parks); plans for streets and squares, especially in new developments; working-class housing, zoning, public transit, and aesthetic concerns. He examines planning as civic boosterism and as social reform, identifying the reformers and describing their role in urban politics and society. His analysis focuses on Düsseldorf, Cologne, and Frankfurt-am-Main, but also pays considerable attention to Berlin and other cities.

This broad-gauged view of an increasingly popular subject will enlighten historians of Germany and of modern Europe, urban historians, city planners, and architectural historians.


  • Ladd’s work is a carefully researched and clearly organized survey of a major theme in the social history not only of modern Germany but also—owing to the exemplary quality of the German experience—of modern Europe and America more generally… The end result of Ladd’s labors is a very useful study, which German historians and urban historians of other countries are sure to find highly instructive. Facing no real competition in any language as a synthetic overview of the emergence of German city planning in relation to the history of German society, Ladd’s work enables us to see for the first time how some of the institutions and practices that William Harbutt Dawson described with such great admiration in 1914 in his Municipal Life and Government in Germany evolved during the half century before that book was written. His contribution is substantial.

    —Andrew Lees, Rutgers University

Book Details

  • Harvard University Press