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The Cabinet

George Washington and the Creation of an American Institution

Lindsay M. Chervinsky

ISBN 9780674986480

Publication date: 04/07/2020

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Winner of the DAR Excellence in American History Book Award
Winner of the Thomas J. Wilson Memorial Prize

“Cogent, lucid, and concise…indispensable guide to the creation of the cabinet. With her groundbreaking study, we can now have a much greater appreciation of…one of the major legacies of George Washington’s enlightened statecraft.”
—Ron Chernow, author of Washington: A Life

The US Constitution never established a presidential cabinet—the delegates to the Constitutional Convention explicitly rejected the idea. So how did George Washington create one of the most powerful bodies in the federal government?

On November 26, 1791, George Washington convened his department secretaries—Alexander Hamilton, Thomas Jefferson, Henry Knox, and Edmund Randolph—for the first cabinet meeting. Why did he wait two and a half years into his presidency to call his cabinet? Because the US Constitution did not create or provide for such a body. Washington was on his own.

Faced with diplomatic crises, domestic insurrections, and constitutional challenges—and finding congressional help lacking—Washington decided he needed a group of advisors he could turn to. He modeled his new cabinet on the councils of war he had led as commander of the Continental Army. In the early days, the cabinet served at the president’s pleasure. Washington tinkered with its structure throughout his administration, at times calling regular meetings, at other times preferring written advice and individual discussions.

Lindsay M. Chervinsky reveals the far-reaching consequences of Washington’s choice. The tensions in the cabinet between Hamilton and Jefferson heightened partisanship and contributed to the development of the first party system. And as Washington faced an increasingly recalcitrant Congress, he came to treat the cabinet as a private advisory body to summon as needed, greatly expanding the role of the president and the executive branch.

Praise

  • Cogent, lucid, and concise, Lindsay Chervinsky’s book gives us an indispensable guide to the creation of the cabinet. With her groundbreaking study, we can now have a much greater appreciation of this essential American institution, one of the major legacies of George Washington’s enlightened statecraft.

    —Ron Chernow, author of Washington: A Life

Awards

  • 2019, Joint winner of the Thomas J. Wilson Prize
  • 2021, Winner of the NSDAR Excellence in American History Book Award

Author

  • Lindsay M. Chervinsky is a presidential historian and expert on US government institutions. She is a Senior Fellow at the Center for Presidential History at Southern Methodist University, and teaches on the American presidency at the School of Media and Public Affairs at George Washington University. She has contributed to the Washington Post, TIME, USA Today, The Hill, and CNN.com, among others, and has a regular column in Washington Monthly.

Book Details

  • 432 pages
  • 5-1/2 x 8-1/4 inches
  • Belknap Press

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