Cover: Neurons and Networks: An Introduction to Behavioral Neuroscience, Second Edition, from Harvard University PressCover: Neurons and Networks in HARDCOVER

Neurons and Networks

An Introduction to Behavioral Neuroscience, Second Edition

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Product Details

HARDCOVER

$100.00 • £80.95 • €90.00

ISBN 9780674004627

Publication Date: 07/30/2001

Short

592 pages

8 x 9-1/4 inches

50 halftones, 241 line illustrations, 8 tables

Belknap Press

World

  • Preface
  • I. Neurons: Cellular Neuroscience
    • 1. Probing the Brain
      • Anatomical Approaches: Visualizing Neurons
        • Observing Individual Nerve Cells
      • Physiological Approaches: Recording Electrical Activity
        • EEGs and Other Field Potentials
        • Single-Cell Recordings
      • Molecular Biological Approaches: Mapping Molecules
        • Recombinant DNA Technology
        • Monoclonal Antibodies and Genetic Mutants
      • Summary
      • Further Reading
    • 2. Cells and Synapses
      • Neurons and Glia
      • Neuronal Structure
        • Golgi Type I Neurons
        • Axonal Transport
        • The Myelin Sheath
        • Golgi Type II Neurons
      • Synapses
        • Chemical Synapses
        • Neuromuscular and Sensory Cell Junctions
        • Electrical Synapses
      • Summary
      • Further Reading
    • 3. Membranes and the Resting Potential
      • Properties of Neural Potentials
      • Membranes: Their Structure and Electrical Properties
        • Freeze-Fracture Studies
        • Reconstituted Membranes
        • Membrane Channels
        • Measuring Membrane Resistance and Capacitance
        • The Equivalent Circuit of Membranes
      • Resting Potentials
        • A Simplified Model
        • The Nernst Equation and Equilibrium Potentials
        • The Goldman Equation and the Determination of Resting Potentials
        • Variations and Exceptions
        • How Many Ions Cross the Membrane?
        • Maintenance of Ion Concentrations: Ion Pumps
      • Summary
      • Further Reading
    • 4. Action Potentials and Their Propagation
      • The Generation of Action Potentials
        • Voltage-Dependent Permeability Changes
        • Voltage-Clamp Analysis
        • Effects of Drugs on Na+ and K+ Currents
        • The Na+ Channel
        • Single-Channel Records
        • Metabolic Considerations
        • Ion Conductances during the Action Potential
        • Ca2+ Channels and Other Voltage-Sensitive Channels
      • The Propagation of Action Potentials
        • Current Spread
        • Impulse Propagation
        • Speed of Propagation
        • Saltatory Conduction
      • Summary
      • Further Reading
    • 5. Synaptic Potentials
      • Excitatory and Inhibitory Synapses
      • The Axon Hillock and the Generation of Action Potentials
      • Analyzing Synaptic Potentials
        • Excitatory Postsynaptic Potentials
        • Inhibitory Postsynaptic Potentials
        • Single-Channel Recordings
        • Presynaptic Inhibition
        • Electrical Synapses
      • The Neuromuscular Junction
      • Summary
      • Further Reading
    • 6. The Chemistry of Synaptic Transmission
      • Mechanisms of Synaptic Transmission
        • Timing
        • Drugs and Synaptic Transmission
      • Myasthenia Gravis: A Neuromuscular Disease
      • Neurotransmitters and Neuromodulators
        • Neuromodulation
        • Identifying Transmitters and Modulators
      • Classes of Neuroactive Substances
        • Acetylcholine
        • Amino Acids
        • Monoamines
        • Neuropeptides
      • Summary
      • Further Reading
    • 7. Receptors and Receptor Potentials
      • Mechanoreceptors
        • Somatosensory Receptors
        • Adaptation
        • Hair Cells and Audition
      • Second-Messenger Receptors
        • Olfactory Receptors
      • Vertebrate Photoreceptors
        • Regulation of the Na+ Channels
        • Photoreceptor Adaptation
      • Summary
      • Further Reading
    • 8. Membrane Channels and Receptor Proteins
      • Ligand Gating: The Acetylcholine Channel
      • Voltage Sensitivity: Shaker Flies and Potassium Channels
      • Ion Selectivity
      • Visual Pigments and Receptor Proteins
        • Discovery of the Visual Pigments
        • Vision and Vitamin A
        • The Action of Light and Visual Pigment Intermediates
        • Color Vision
      • Summary
      • Further Reading
  • II. Networks: Systems Neuroscience
    • 9. Invertebrate Nervous Systems
      • Nervous System Design
        • Cellular Organization
        • Ganglion Organization
        • Command Neurons
      • Mechanisms Underlying Behavior
        • Neuronal Properties: Inking in Aplysia
        • Neural Circuitry: Lateral Inhibition in the Limulus Eye
      • Summary
      • Further Reading
    • 10. Control of Rhythmic Motor Behavior
      • The Heartbeat in the Leech
      • Swimming in Tritonia
        • Defensive Withdrawal
      • Modulation of Neural Circuits
        • The Pyloric Central Pattern Generator
      • Summary
      • Further Reading
    • 11. Synaptic Plasticity: An Invertebrate Model of Memory and Learning
      • Early Theories
        • Reverberating Circuits
        • Aggregate Field Theory
      • The Gill-Withdrawal Reflex in Aplysia
        • Habituation
        • The Neural Circuitry of the Reflex
        • Sensitization
        • Long-Term Habituation and Sensitization
        • A Summary Scheme of Sensitization
        • Classical Conditioning
      • Summary
      • Further Reading
    • 12. The Vertebrate Brain
      • The Central Nervous System
      • The Spinal Cord
        • Spinal Cord Reflexes
        • Ascending and Descending Pathways
      • The Brain
        • Medulla and Pons
        • Hypothalamus
        • Cerebellum
        • Thalamus
        • Basal Ganglia
        • Brain Ventricles
        • Cerebral Cortex
      • Summary
      • Further Reading
    • 13. Motor Control in Vertebrates
      • The Autonomic Nervous System
        • Ganglion Organization
        • Control of the Heartbeat
      • Voluntary Movement
        • Locomotion
        • Sensory Feedback and Locomotion
        • Feedback and Motor Control: An Overall Scheme
        • The Initiation of Movements
        • Motor Programs
      • Summary
      • Further Reading
    • 14. Retinal Processing of Visual Information
      • The Retina
        • Cellular Organization
      • The Initial Stages of Visual Processing
        • The Significance of Retinal Processing
      • Cellular Mechanisms
        • Synapses in the Retina
        • Neuronal Responses
        • Receptive Field Organization
      • Functional Organization of the Retina
      • Modulation of Retinal Synapses
      • Summary
      • Further Reading
    • 15. Cortical Processing of Visual Information
      • The Lateral Geniculate Nucleus
      • The Visual Cortex
        • Simple Cells
        • Complex Cells
        • The Significance of Cortical Receptive Fields
        • The Formation of Cortical Receptive Fields
      • Binocular Interaction and Depth Perception
      • Summary
      • Further Reading
    • 16. The Architecture of the Visual Cortex
      • Lateral Geniculate Architecture
      • The Visual Cortex: Area V1
        • Columnar Organization
        • Orientation Columns
        • Hypercolumns
        • Color Processing
      • Cortical Plasticity: The Effects of Visual Deprivation
        • Responses of Cells in Newborn Animals
        • Visual Deprivation
        • The Critical Period
        • Strabismus
        • Pattern Deprivation
        • Mechanisms Underlying Deprivation Changes
      • Summary
      • Further Reading
    • 17. The Development of the Brain
      • The Neural Plate, Tube, and Crest
      • The Proliferation and Migration of Neural Cells
      • The Differentiation of Neurons
      • Cell Lineage in the Nematode
      • Cell Interactions in the Fruitfly Eye
      • Axon Projection and Synapse Formation
      • Cell Adhesion Experiments and Molecules
      • The Chemoaffinity Theory Revisited
      • Axonal Guidance
      • Neuronal and Synapse Maturation
      • Trophic Substances and Nerve Growth Factor
      • Summary
      • Further Reading
  • III. Brain to Mind: Cognitive Neuroscience
    • 18. Higher Levels of Cortical Function
      • Area V2 and Higher Visual Areas
      • Face Recognition
      • Visual Processing
      • Visual Perception
      • Cortical Plasticity
      • Modulation of Receptive Field Properties
      • Modifiability of Sensory and Motor Maps
      • Summary
      • Further Reading
    • 19. Language and the Human Brain
      • Language Areas
      • Language Acquisition
      • Brain Lateralization
      • Left Brain–Right Brain Dichotomies
      • Exploring the Human Brain
      • Imaging Brain Function
      • Summary
      • Further Reading
    • 20. Learning and Memory
      • Temporal Lobe Stimulation and Memories
      • Consolidating Memories: The Hippocampus and Medial Temporal Lobes
      • Memory Classification
      • Storage of Declarative Memories
      • The Hippocampus and LTP
      • Short-Term Memory
      • Working Memory
      • Summary
      • Further Reading
    • 21. Emotions and Rationality
      • Origins of Emotions and Feelings
      • Hypothalamus
      • Stress
      • Amygdala
      • Orbitofrontal Cortex
      • Prefrontal Lobotomy
      • Summary
      • Further Reading
    • 22. Reinforcing Behaviors, Homeostasis Regulation, and Motivation
      • Reinforcement: The Nucleus Accumbens
      • Addicting Drugs
      • Temperature Regulation
      • Thirst and Drinking
        • Hypovolemic Thirst
        • Osmotic Thirst
      • Hunger and Eating
        • Ventromedial Hypothalamus and Satiety
        • Lateral Hypothalamus and Hunger
        • Signals Mediating Hunger and Satiety
      • Sexual Behavior
      • Summary
      • Further Reading
    • 23. Sleep, Clocks, and Consciousness
      • Sleep
        • The Electroencephalogram and Sleep
        • Stages of Sleep
        • Dreaming
        • Dream Content
        • Control of Arousal and Sleep
        • The Role of Sleep
      • Circadian Clocks
      • Consciousness
      • Summary
      • Further Reading
  • Appendix. Electrical Charge and Circuits
  • Credits
  • Index

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