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Imperial China, 900–1800

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PAPERBACK

$38.00 • £30.95 • €34.00

ISBN 9780674012127

Publication Date: 11/15/2003

Short

1128 pages

6-3/8 x 10 inches

5 halftones, 22 maps, 9 charts

World

Related Subjects

  • List of Charts and Maps
  • Preface
  • Acknowledgments
  • I. Conquest Dynasties and the Northern Song, 900–1127
    • 1. The Five Dynasties
      • i. Later Imperial China’s Place in History
      • ii. The Course of Five Dynasties History
      • iii. The Eastward Shift of the Political Center
      • iv. Simultaneous Developments in the Ten States
      • v. China and Inner Asia in Geographic and Historical Perspective
    • 2. Abaoji
      • i. The Khitans and Their Neighbors
      • ii. Ethnic Diversity and Language Community
      • iii. The Lessons of History
      • iv. The New Leader Emerges
      • v. The Significance of Khitan Acculturation
      • vi. Abaoji Receives Yao Kun, Envoy of the Later Tang Dynasty
    • 3. Building the Liao Empire
      • i. Succession Issues after Abaoji
      • ii. The Meaning of the Early Liao Succession Crises
      • iii. The Khitans’ Inner Asian Tribal Empire
      • iv. Liao-Korean Relations
      • v. Expansion into North China
      • vi. Liao-Song Relations
    • 4. Liao Civilization
      • i. Multicultural Adaptations
      • ii. Khitan Society
      • iii. Patterns of Acculturation
      • iv. Buddhism in Khitan Life
      • v. Interpretations of Liao Success
    • 5. Creating the Song Dynasty
      • i. The Vigor of the Later Zhou and the Founding of the Song
      • ii. On Being the Emperor in Tenth-Century China
      • iii. Governing China
      • iv. The Military Problem
    • 6. The World of Ideas in Northern Song China
      • i. The Man of the Age: Ouyang Xiu
      • ii. The Course of a Song Dynasty Official Career
      • iii. The Civil Service Examination System
      • iv. The Social Impact of the Song Examination System
      • v. Political Reform and Political Thought
      • vi. Neo-Confucian Philosophical Thought
    • 7. Dimensions of Northern Song Life
      • i. High Culture
      • ii. The Example of Su Shi
      • iii. The New Elite and Song High Culture
      • iv. Religion in Song Life
      • v. Song Society
    • 8. Origins of the Xi Xia State
      • i. The Tangut People: Names and Ethnic Identities
      • ii. Early History of the Tangut Tribal People
      • iii. The Tanguts Come into the Song Orbit
      • iv. Yuanhao Proclaims the Xia Dynasty
      • v. The Xi Xia as an Imperial Dynasty
  • II. Conquest Dynasties and the Southern Song, 1127–1279
    • 9. The “Wild Jurchens” Erupt into History
      • i. Aguda’s Challenge
      • ii. The End of the Liao Dynasty
      • iii. The Northern Song Falls to the Jurchens
      • iv. Who Were These Jurchens?
      • v. Explaining the Jurchens’ Success
    • 10. The Jurchen State and Its Cultural Policy
      • i. The Conquerors Turn to Governing
      • ii. The Period of Dual Institutions, 1115–1135
      • iii. The Era of Centralization, 1135–1161
      • iv. The Period of Nativist Reaction, 1161–1208
      • v. The End of the Jin Dynasty, 1208–1234
    • 11. The Later Xi Xia State
      • i. Xi Xia in the Era of the Jin Dynasty, 1115–1227
      • ii. The Crisis of the “Partition of the State”
      • iii. The Destruction of the Xi Xia State
      • iv. The Tangut Achievement
      • v. Xia Buddhism
    • 12. Trends of Change under Jin Alien Rule
      • i. Divisions: North and South, Chinese and Non-Chinese
      • ii. Jurchen Dominance
      • iii. The Impact of the Civil Service Examinations
      • iv. High Culture during the Jin Dynasty
      • v. Economic Life under the Jin
    • 13. The Southern Song and Chinese Survival
      • i. A Fleeing Prince—A New Emperor
      • ii. War versus Peace
      • iii. Patterns of High Politics after the Treaty of 1141
    • 14. Chinese Civilization and the Song Achievement
      • i. New Social Factors
      • ii. Elite Lives and Song High Culture
      • iii. Confucian Thinkers
      • iv. Other Kinds of Elite Lives
      • v. Some Generalizations about the Song Elite
    • 15. Southern Song Life—A Broader View
      • i. Calculating Song China’s Population
      • ii. Governing at the Local Level
      • iii. Paying for Government
      • iv. Status in the Chinese Population
      • v. Urban and Rural
      • vi. Families, Women, and Children
      • vii. A Poet’s Observations
    • 16. A Mid-Thirteenth-Century Overview
      • i. The Heritage of the Liao, Xi Xia, and Jin Periods
      • ii. The System of Ritualized Interstate Relations
      • iii. The Growing Scope of International Trade
      • iv. Cultural Interaction
  • III. China and the Mongol World
    • 17. The Career of the Great Khan Chinggis
      • i. Backgrounds of Mongol History
      • ii. The Ethnic Geography of Inner Asia in the Late Twelfth Century
      • iii. Mongol Nomadic Economy and Social Life
      • iv. The Mongols Emerge into History
      • v. The Youth of Temüjin
      • vi. Chinggis Khan as Nation Builder
    • 18. Forging the Mongol World Empire, 1206–1260
      • i. The Nearer Horizons of Empire, 1206–1217
      • ii. The First Campaign to the West, 1218–1225
      • iii. Chinggis Khan, the Man
      • iv. The Second Campaign to the West, 1236–1241
      • v. Mongol Adaptations to China under Chinggis and Ögödei
      • vi. Möngke Khan and the Third Campaign to the West
      • vii. Relations among the Four Khanates
    • 19. Khubilai Khan Becomes Emperor of China
      • i. The Early Life of Khubilai
      • ii. Khubilai and His Chinese Advisers before 1260
      • iii. Möngke’s Field General in China
      • iv. Maneuvering to Become the Great Khan
      • v. The Great Khan Khubilai Becomes Emperor of China
      • vi. The Conquest of the Southern Song, 1267–1279
      • vii. The War against Khaidu
      • viii. Khubilai’s Later Years
      • ix. Khubilai Khan’s Successors, 1294–1370
    • 20. China under Mongol Rule
      • i. Yuan Government
      • ii. Managing Society and Staffing the Government
      • iii. Religions
      • iv. China’s People under Mongol Rule
      • v. The Yuan Cultural Achievement
  • IV. The Restoration of Native Rule under the Ming, 1368–1644
    • 21. From Chaos toward a New Chinese Order
      • i. Disintegration
      • ii. Competitors for Power Emerge
      • iii. Rival Contenders, 1351–1368
      • iv. Zhu Yuanzhang, Boy to Young Man
    • 22. Zhu Yuanzhang Builds His Ming Dynasty
      • i. Learning to Be an Emperor
      • ii. Setting the Pattern of His Dynasty
      • iii. Constructing a Capital and a Government
      • iv. The Enigma of Zhu Yuanzhang
    • 23. Civil War and Usurpation, 1399–1402
      • i. The New Era
      • ii. The Thought of Fang Xiaoru: What Might Have Been
      • iii. From Prince to Emperor
    • 24. The “Second Founding” of the Ming Dynasty
      • i. Ming Chengzu’s Imprint on Ming Governing
      • ii. The Eunuch Establishment and the Imperial Bodyguard
      • iii. Defending Throne and State
      • iv. Securing China’s Place in the Asian World
      • v. The New Capital
    • 25. Ming China in the Fifteenth Century
      • i. Successors to the Yongle Emperor
      • ii. The Mechanics of Government
      • iii. The Grand Canal in Ming Times
    • 26. The Changing World of the Sixteenth Century
      • i. Emperor Wuzong, 1505–1521
      • ii. Emperor Shizong’s Accession
      • iii. The Rites Controversy
      • iv. Emperor Shizong and Daoism
      • v. The Emperor Shizong and His Officials
      • vi. Wang Yangming and Sixteenth-Century Confucian Thought
    • 27. Ming China’s Borders
      • i. Border Zones, Zones of Interaction
      • ii. Tension and Peril on the Northern Borders
      • iii. Tibet and the Western Borders
      • iv. The “Soft Border” of the Chinese South
      • v. The Maritime Borders of Eastern China
    • 28. Late Ming Political Decline, 1567–1627
      • i. The Brief Reign of Emperor Muzong, 1567–1572
      • ii. Zhang Juzheng’s Leadership and the Wanli Reign
      • iii. The Wanli Emperor’s Successors
    • 29. The Lively Society of the Late Ming
      • i. The Population of Ming China
      • ii. The Organization of Rural Society
      • iii. Ming Cities, Towns, and Urban People: The Question of Capitalism
      • iv. Late Ming Elite Culture
    • 30. The Course of Ming Failure
      • i. Launching the Chongzhen Reign: Random Inadequacies, Persistent Hopes
      • ii. The Manchu Invaders
      • iii. The “Roving Bandits”
      • iv. Beijing, Spring 1644
  • V. China and the World in Early Qing Times
    • 31. Alien Rule Returns
      • i. Beijing: The City Ravaged
      • ii. The Drama at Shanhai Guan, April–May 1644
      • iii. Beijing Becomes the New Qing Capital
      • iv. The Shunzhi Emperor, 1644–1662
      • v. The Southern Ming Challenge to Qing Hegemony, 1644–1662
      • vi. The Manchu Offensive
      • vii. The Longwu Regime: Fuzhou, July 1645–October 1646
      • viii. Ming Loyalist Activity after 1646
    • 32. The Kangxi Emperor: Coming of Age
      • i. Difficult Beginnings
      • ii. Rebellion, 1673–1681
      • iii. The Conquest of Taiwan
      • iv. Ming Loyalism and Intellectual Currents in the Early Qing
    • 33. The Kangxi Reign: The Emperor and His Empire
      • i. Banner Lands and the Manchu Migration into China
      • ii. Recruitment and the Examination System
      • iii. The Mongols on the Northern Borders
      • iv. Manchu/Qing Power and the Problem of Tibet
      • v. Court Factions
      • vi. The Succession Crisis
    • 34. The Yongzheng Emperor as Man and Ruler
      • i. Imperial Style, Political Substance
      • ii. Changing the Machinery of Government
      • iii. Other Governing Measures
      • iv. Military Campaigns and Border Policies
      • v. Population Growth and Social Conditions
      • vi. Taxation and the Yongzheng Reforms
    • 35. Splendor and Degeneration, 1736–1799
      • i. Changing Assessments
      • ii. Hongli
      • iii. Political Measures
      • iv. Cultural Control Measures
      • v. A Late Flowering of Thought and Learning
      • vi. The Qianlong Emperor’s Military Campaigns
      • vii. China in the Eighteenth Century
    • 36. China’s Legacy in a Changing World
      • i. The Background of China’s International Relations
      • ii. Mutual Recognition
      • iii. Economic Interactions
      • iv. Broadened Horizons of Religion, Philosophy, and Practical Knowledge
      • v. Diplomatic and Military Threats
      • vi. An Old Civilization in a New World
  • Appendix: Conversion Table, Pinyin to Wade-Giles
  • Notes
  • Bibliography
  • Index

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