Cover: Against Essentialism: A Theory of Culture and Society, from Harvard University PressCover: Against Essentialism in PAPERBACK

Against Essentialism

A Theory of Culture and Society

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PAPERBACK

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$45.00 • £39.95 • €40.95

ISBN 9780674015968

Publication Date: 02/01/2005

Short

398 pages

World

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  • Introduction
  • 1. Theory after Essentialism
    • Accounting for the Observer
    • Observing Observers
    • Levels of Observing
    • Ideological Conflicts in Observation
    • Inside and Outside Observers
    • Value-Freedom and Disinterestedness
    • The Myth of “Going Native”
    • A Few Pretty Old Rules of Method
    • The Classics Revisited, Briefly
    • Networks and Systems
    • Some Elements of a Working Epistemology
  • 2. How to Sociologize with a Hammer
    • The Crisis of Representation
    • Underdetermination and Theory-Ladenness
    • The Indeterminacy of Translation
    • Empiricizing Contexts and Demarcations
    • Incommensurability
    • The Double Hermeneutic
    • Things and Persons
  • 3. Cultural Rationality
    • After Reason
    • Causes and Reasons
    • The Unity of Persons
    • What Do Persons Want and Believe?
    • Decisions, Decisions
    • How to Locate Rationality
    • Some Covariates of Rationality
  • 4. Foundations of Culture
    • Never Minds
    • Who Knows? No Idea!
    • The Meanings of Meaning
    • Observing Culture and Cultural Observers
    • What Is in a Culture?
    • Cultural Stratification
    • Art
    • Reputation
    • From Creativity to Genius
  • 5. Modes of Social Association I: Encounters, Groups, and Organizations
    • The Bodies and Brains of Persons
    • Emotional Selves
    • Levels of Society
    • Encounters
    • Groups
    • Organizations
    • Variations in Organizational Cultures
  • 6. Modes of Social Association II: Networks
    • Drift
    • Fields of Forces
    • Power to the Networks
    • Metabolism
    • Renormalization
    • Autopoiesis
    • Self-Similarity
    • Unity
    • Boundaries
    • Network Expansions
    • Networks of Culture
  • 7. Realism Explained
    • A Continuum of Realism
    • Core Expansions and Time
    • Machines
    • Instruction
    • Density
    • Monopoly and Hegemony
    • Competition and Decentralization
    • Literacy and Printing
    • Orality, Perception, and Copresence
    • Consensus
    • Distance and Frontstages
  • Conclusion
  • Appendix: Theses
  • References
  • Index

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