THE SEA: IDEAS AND OBSERVATIONS ON PROGRESS IN THE STUDY OF THE SEAS
Cover: The Sea, Volume 3: The Earth Beneath the Sea History in HARDCOVER

The Sea, Volume 3: The Earth Beneath the Sea History

Edited by M. N. Hill

Add to Cart

Product Details

HARDCOVER

$266.00 • £212.95 • €239.50

ISBN 9780674017306

Publication Date: 01/02/1963

Short

982 pages

7 x 10 inches

163 halftones, 397 line illustrations and maps, 36 tables

The Sea: Ideas and Observations on Progress in the Study of the Seas

World

  • Section I. Geophysical Exploration
    • Chapter 1. Elementary Theory of Seismic Refraction and Reflection Measurements [J. I. Ewing]
      • 1. Introduction
      • 2. Reflected waves
      • 3. Refracted waves
      • 4. Computation of layer velocities and thicknesses
      • 5. Shear waves and complex refracted waves
      • 6. Some complications and deviations from simple theory
    • Chapter 2. Refraction and Reflection Techniques and Procedure [G. G. Shor, Jr.]
      • 1. Introduction
      • 2. Reflected waves
      • 3. Refracted waves
      • 4. Computation of layer velocities and thicknesses
      • 5. Shear waves and complex refracted waves
      • 6. Some complications and deviations from simple theory
    • Chapter 3. Single-Stile Seismic Refraction Shooting [M. N. Hill]
      • 1. Introduction
      • 2. Instrumentation
      • 3. Operation
    • Chapter 4. Continuous Reflection Profiling [J. B. Hersey]
      • 1. Introduction
      • 2. Design
      • 3. Operations at sea
      • 4. Results
      • 5. Interpretations
      • 6. Geophysical measurements
      • 7. Concluding remarks
    • Chapter 5. The Unconsolidated Sediments [J. I. Ewing and J. E. Nafe]
      • 1. Introduction
      • 2. Evidence for gradients and low-velocity sediments
      • 3. Variable angle reflections
      • 4. Normal-incidence reflections
      • 5. Summary
    • Chapter 6. The Crustal Rocks [R. W. Raitt]
      • 1. Introduction
      • 2. Layer 2
      • 3. Layer 3
      • 4. Average oceanic crust
    • Chapter 7. The Mantle Rocks [J. I. Ewing]
      • 1. Introduction
      • 2. Compressional-wave measurements
      • 3. Shear-wave measurements
      • 4. Summary
    • Chapter 8. Exploration of Sub-Oceanic Structure by the Use of Seismic Surface Waves [J. Oliver and J. Dorman]
      • 1. Introduction
      • 2. The general nature of seismic surface waves
      • 3. Evidence from mantle surface waves
      • 4. Evidence from crustal surface waves
      • 5. Evidence from short-period surface waves
    • Chapter 9. Gravity at Sea [J. Lamar Worzel and J. C. Harrison]
      • 1. Introduction
      • 2. Methods and theory
      • 3. Gravity observations and geological interpretations
    • Chapter 10. The Magnetic Field Over the Oceans [E. C. Bullard and R. G. Mason]
      • 1. Historical
      • 2. Measurement of the magnetic field at sea
      • 3. General features of the field
      • 4. Reduction of magnetic observations
      • 5. The magnetic properties of submarine rocks
      • 6. The magnetic surveys of the north-east Pacific
      • 7. The continental shelves
      • 8. Seamounts and mid-ocean ridges
      • 9. The deep trenches
    • Chapter 11. The Flow of Heat Through the Floor of the Ocean [E. C. Bullard]
      • 1. Method
      • 2. The temperature probe
      • 3. The thermal properties of sediments
      • 4. The results of heat-flow measurements
      • 5. Future work
  • Section II. Topography and Structure
    • Chapter 12. Topography of the Deep-Sea Floor [Bruce C. Heezen and H. W. Menard]
      • 1. Introduction
      • 2. Outline of submarine topography
      • 3. Summary of submarine topographic forms
    • Chapter 13. Continental Shelf and Slope (Continental Margin) [A. Guilcher]
      • 1. Definitions
      • 2. Topography of the continental shelf
      • 3. Topography of the continental slope
      • 4. Structure and origins of the continental margins
      • 5. Conclusion
    • Chapter 14. Abyssal Plains [Bruce C. Heezen and A. S. Laughton]
      • 1. Introduction
      • 2. Regional description
      • 3. Trench abyssal plains
      • 4. Archipelagic plains
      • 5. Abyssal gaps, interplain channels, mid-ocean canyons and deep-sea channels
      • 6. Sediments on the abyssal plains
      • 7. Geophysical characteristics
      • 8. Theories of the origin of the abyssal plains
    • Chapter 15. Oceanic Islands, Seamounts, Guyots and Atolls [H. W. Menard and H. S. Ladd]
      • 1. Introduction
      • 2. Oceanic islands
      • 3. Seamounts
      • 4. Guyots
      • 5. Atolls
      • 6. Submerged atolls
      • 7. Oceanic volcanoes in geological time
      • 8. Importance of islands and seamounts
    • Chapter 16. The Mid-Oceanic Ridge [Bruce C. Heezen and Maurice Ewing]
      • 1. Introduction
      • 2. North Atlantic
      • 3. South Atlantic
      • 4. Indian Ocean
      • 5. Indian and South Pacific Oceans
      • 6. Iceland and the Norwegian Sea
      • 7. Arctic Basin
      • 8. Crustal structure
      • 9. Origin
    • Chapter 17. Trenches [B. L. Fisher and H. H. Hess]
      • 1. Previous work
      • 2. Topography of trenches
      • 3. Structure of trenches
    • Chapter 18. Microtopography [A. S. Laughton]
      • 1. Introduction
      • 2. Classification of microtopographic features
    • Chapter 19. Underwater Photography [H. E. Edgerton]
      • 1. Introduction
      • 2. Camera details
      • 3. Cables and winches for cameras
    • Chapter 20. Submarine Canyons [F. P. Shepard]
      • 1. Introduction
      • 2. Classification of submarine valleys
      • 3. Canyon descriptions
      • 4. East coast U.S. (New England type) canyons
      • 5. Trough-shaped valleys
      • 6. Delta foreset-slope gullies
      • 7. Shallow straight-walled valleys of submarine escarpments
      • 8. Origin of submarine canyons
      • 9. Subaerial erosion
      • 10. Pleistocene canyon cutting by turbidity currents
  • Section III. Sedimentation
    • Chapter 21. Beach and Nearshore Processes
      • Part I. Mechanics of Marine Sedimentation [R. A. Bagnold]
        • 1. Definition, origin and relevant physical properties
        • 2. Transport during fall through the sea
        • 3. Transport of sediment over the sea bed
        • 4. Transport rate and fluid “power”
        • 5. Auto-suspension of sediment: turbidity currents, etc.
        • 6. Wave drift
        • 7. Threshold of bed disturbance by fluid action
      • Part II. Littoral Processes [D. L. Inman and R. A. Bagnold]
        • 8. Introduction
        • 9. Littoral profile: two-dimensional ease
        • 10. Migration of sand grains by wave action
        • 11. Littoral processes: three-dimensional case
        • 12. Discussion
    • Chapter 22. Shallow-Water Carbonate Sediments [B. N. Ginsburg, B. Michael Lloyd, K. W. Stockman and J. S. McCallum]
      • 1. Introduction
      • 2. Types of skeletal particles
      • 3. Skeletal particles in sediments
      • 4. Distribution of skeletal particles
      • 5. Discussion of the distribution of skeletal particles
      • 6. Non-skeletal particles
      • 7. Distribution of non-skeletal particles
    • Chapter 23. Basin Sedimentation and Diagenesis [I. B. Kaplan and S. C. Rittenberg]
      • 1. Introduction
      • 2. Physical aspects of sedimentation
      • 3. Diagenesis in sediments
      • 4. Isotopic studies related to biological processes in sediments
      • 5. Special problems
    • Chapter 24. Estuaries, Deltas, Shelf, Slope [A. Guilcher]
      • 1. Estuaries, tidal marshes and flats, and deltas
      • 2. Continental shelf
      • 3. Continental slope
    • Chapter 25. Pelagic Sediments [G. Arrhenius]
      • 1. Concept of pelagic sedimentation
      • 2. Composition
      • 3. Productivity control of pelagic sedimentation
      • 4. Physical stratification
      • 5. Topographic and tectonic control of sedimentation
    • Chapter 26. Clay-Mineral Distributions in the Pacific Ocean [J. J. Griffin and E. D. Goldberg]
      • 1. Introduction
      • 2. The clay minerals
      • 3. Surface distribution of clay minerals
      • 4. Vertical distribution
      • 5. Summary
    • Chapter 27. Turbidity Currents [Bruce C. Heezen]
      • 1. Early views
      • 2. Full-scale experiment
      • 3. Alternative explanations
      • 4. Physiographic evidence
      • 5. Sediments.
      • 6. Requirements of turbidity currents
      • 7. Tectonic significance of turbidity currents
      • 8. Biological significance of turbidity currents
      • 9. Other processes of deep-sea erosion and transportation
      • 10. Conclusion
    • Chapter 28. Organic Transportation of Marine Sediments [K. G. Emery]
      • 1. Introduction
      • 2. Kelp
      • 3. Driftwood
      • 4. Sea mammals
      • 5. Fishes
      • 6. Birds
      • 7. Invertebrates
      • 8. Comparison with inorganic transporting agents
      • 9. Criteria for recognition of rafting agent
    • Chapter 29. Physical Properties of Marine Sediments [J. E. Nafe and C. L. Drake]
      • 1. Introduction
      • 2. Relationships among observables
      • 3. Methods of measurement
      • 4. Summary of results
      • 5. Conclusions
    • Chapter 30. Age Determination in Sediments by Natural Radioactivity [F. F. Koczy]
      • 1. Introduction
      • 2. Theoretical considerations
      • 3. Geochemical considerations
      • 4. Practical methods of age determination
      • 5. Rate of sedimentation
    • Chapter 31. Cross-Correlation of Deep-Sea Sediment Cores and Determination of Relative Rates of Sedimentation by Micro-Paleontological Techniques [D. B. Ericson]
      • 1. Introduction
      • 2. Methods of correlation
      • 3. Time-equivalence of the faunal zones
      • 4. Some examples
  • Section IV. History
    • Chapter 32. The Origin of Life [Stanley L. Miller]
      • 1. Early considerations of the problem
      • 2. The primitive atmosphere
      • 3. The synthesis of organic compounds
      • 4. The origin of life
      • 5. Evolution of early organisms
      • 6. Life on other planets
    • Chapter 33. The Preserved Record: Paleontology of Pelagic Sediments [W. R. Riedel]
      • 1. Introduction
      • 2. Fossils of deep-ocean basins versus those of shallow waters
      • 3. Objectives of deep-sea paleontology
      • 4. Shelled pelagic micro-organisms and their distribution
      • 5. Interpretation of Quaternary microfossil assemblages
      • 6. Mieropaleontological determination of ages
      • 7. Pre-Quaternary paleoceanography
    • Chapter 34. The Pleistocene Record [C. Emiliani and R. F. Flint]
      • 1. Introduction
      • 2. Continental stratigraphy
      • 3. Marine stratigraphy
      • 4. Summary
  • Author Index
  • Subject Index

Recent News

Black lives matter. Black voices matter. A statement from HUP »

From Our Blog

University Press Week logo

Celebrating University Press Week

The week of November 9–15 is University Press Week. This year’s theme is Raise UP, which highlights the role that the university press community plays in elevating authors, subjects, and whole disciplines that bring new perspectives, ideas, and voices to readers around the globe. University Presses were asked to submit titles to a reading list in keeping with this year’s theme