Cover: God’s War: A New History of the Crusades, from Harvard University PressCover: God’s War in PAPERBACK

God’s War

A New History of the Crusades

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PAPERBACK

$30.00 • £24.95 • €27.00

ISBN 9780674030701

Publication Date: 02/28/2009

Short

1040 pages

6-3/8 x 9-1/4 inches

16 color illustrations

Belknap Press

United States and its dependencies only

  • List of Illustrations*
  • List of Maps**
  • Acknowledgements
  • Preface
  • Introduction: Europe and the Mediterranean
  • The First Crusade
    • 1. The Origins of Christian Holy War
    • 2. The Summons to Jerusalem
    • 3. The March to Constantinople
    • 4. The Road to the Holy Sepulchre
  • Frankish Outremer
    • 5. The Foundation of Christian Outremer
    • 6. The Latin States
    • 7. East is East and East is West: Outremer in the Twelfth Century
  • The Second Crusade
    • 8. A New Path to Salvation? Western Christendom and Holy War 1100–1145
    • 9. God’s Bargain: Summoning the Second Crusade
    • 10. ‘The Spirit of the Pilgrim God’: Fighting the Second Crusade
  • The Third Crusade
    • 11. ‘A Great Cause for Mourning’: The Revival of Crusading and the Third Crusade
    • 12. The Call of the Cross
    • 13. To the Siege of Acre
    • 14. The Palestine War 1191–2
  • The Fourth Crusade
    • 15. ‘Ehud’s Sharpened Sword’
    • 16. The Fourth Crusade: Preparations
    • 17. The Fourth Crusade: Diversion
  • The Expansion of Crusading
    • 18. The Albigensian Crusades 1209–29
    • 19. The Fifth Crusade 1213–21
    • 20. Frontier Crusades 1: Conquest in Spain
    • 21. Frontier Crusades 2: the Baltic and the North
  • The Defence of Outremer
    • 22. Survival and Decline: the Frankish Holy Land in the Thirteenth Century
    • 23. The Defence of the Holy Land 1221–44
    • 24. Louis IX and the Fall of Mainland Outremer 1244–91
  • The Later Crusades
    • 25. The Eastern Crusades in the Later Middle Ages
    • 26. The Crusade and Christian Society in the Later Middle Ages
  • Conclusion
  • Notes
  • Select Further Reading
  • Select List of Rulers
  • Index
  • * List of Illustrations
    • 1. Jerusalem and its environs c. 1100 (Corbis/Uppsala University Library, Sweden/Dagli Orti)
    • 2. Urban II consecrating the high altar at Cluny, October 1095 (Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris [Ms Lat. 17716 Fol. 91])
    • 3. Peter the Hermit leading his crusaders (British Library, London [Ms Eggerton 1500 Fol. 45v])
    • 4. Alexius I Comnenus, emperor of Byzantium 1081–1118 (Bridgeman Art Library)
    • 5. The church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem idealized in later medieval western imagination (British Library, London [Ms Eggerton 1070 Fol. 5v])
    • 6. The front cover of the Psalter of Queen Melisende of Jerusalem (British Library, London [Ms Eggerton 1139])
    • 7. Saladin: a contemporary Arab view (British Library, London)
    • 8. The battle of Hattin, 4 July 1187: Saladin seizing the True Cross (Parker Library, Corpus Christi College, Cambridge [Ms 26 Fol. 140])
    • 9. Frederick I Barbarossa, emperor of Germany, receiving a copy of Robert of Rheims’s popular history of the First Crusade (Scala, Florence)
    • 10. Embarking on crusade, from the statutes of the fourteenth century chivalric Order of the Knot (Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris [Ms Fr. 4274 Fol. 6])
    • 11. Women helping besiege a city, as at the siege of Acre, 1190 (British Library, London [Ms 15268 Fol. 101v])
    • 12. Joshua, in the guise of a Frankish knight, liberates Gibeon from the Five Kings, from an illuminated Bible c. 1244–54 (Piermont Morgan Library/Scala, Florence)
    • 13. Military orchestra of the kind employed by Turkish, Kurdish and Mamluk commanders (Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris [Ms Arabe 5847 Fol. 94])
    • 14. Pope Innocent III (Scala, Florence)
    • 15. Venice c. 1300 (Bodleian Library, Oxford/The Art Archive [Bodley 264 fol. 218r])
    • 16. Innocent III and the Albigensian Crusade (British Library, London [Ms Royal 16 GVI Fol. 347v])
    • 17. Moors fighting Christians in thirteenth-century Spain (The Art Archive/Real Monasterio del Escorial, Spain/Dagli Orti)
    • 18. A clash between Frankish and Egyptian forces outside Damietta, June 1218, from Matthew Paris’s Chronica Majora c. 1255 (Parker Library, Corpus Christi College, Cambridge [Ms 16 Fol. 54v])
    • 19. The capture of the Tower of Chains, August 1218, and the fall of Damietta, November 1219, from Matthew Paris’s Chronica Majora c. 1255 (Parker Library, Corpus Christi College, Cambridge)
    • 20. Frederick II, emperor, king of Germany 1212–50 (AKG Images)
    • 21. Louis IX of France captures Damietta, June 1249, from a manuscript produced at Acre c. 1280 (Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris [Ms Fr. 2628 Fol. 328v])
    • 22. Outremer’s nemesis: mamluk warriors training (British Library, London [Ms Add 18866 Fol. 140])
    • 23. Outremer’s nemesis: A Turkish cavalry squadron (Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris [Ms Arabe 5847 Fol. 19])
    • 24. The battle of La Forbie, October 1244 (Parker Library, Corpus Christi College, Cambridge [Ms 16 Fol. 170])
    • 25. Matthew Paris imagines the Mongols as cannibalistic savages, Chronica Majora, c.1255 (Parker Library, Corpus Christi College, Cambridge [Ms 16 Fol. 166])
    • 26. The fall of Tripoli to the Mamluks, April 1289 (British Library, London [Ms Add 27695 Fol. 5])
    • 27. Charles V of France entertains Charles IV of Germany during a banquet in Paris in 1378 (Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris [Ms Fr. 2813 Fol. 473v])
    • 28. Andrea Bonaiuti’s fresco ‘The Church Militant’, in Santa Maria Novella, Florence (Scala, Florence)
    • 29. The failed Ottoman Turkish siege of Rhodes, 1480 (Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris [Ms Lat. 6067 Fol. 80v])
    • 30. Mehmed II the Conqueror, by Gentile Bellini, 1480/81 (National Gallery, London)
    • 31. The battle of Lepanto, 1571 (National Maritime Museum, Greenwich)
  • ** List of Maps
    • 1. Europe and the Near East at the Time of the First Crusade and Preaching Tour of Pope Urban II 1095–6
    • 2. Asia Minor and Syria 1097–99
    • 3. The Siege of Antioch, October 1097–June 1098
    • 4. Palestine 1099
    • 5. The Siege of Jerusalem, June–July 1099
    • 6. Syria in the Twelfth Century
    • 7. Palestine and Egypt in the Twelfth Century
    • 8. Europe and the Near East at the Time of the Second Crusade and Bernard’s Preaching Tour 1146–7
    • 9. The Hattin Campaign, July 1187
    • 10. Saladin Captures Jerusalem, September–October 1187
    • 11. Europe and the Near East at the Time of the Third Crusade
    • 12. Syria at the Time of the Third Crusade
    • 13. The Siege of Acre 1189
    • 14. Richard I Captures Cyprus, May 1191
    • 15. Palestine with the Campaigns of 1191–2
    • 16. Europe and the Near East in the Thirteenth Century
    • 17. Constantinople at the Time of the Fourth Crusade
    • 18. Languedoc, France and the Albigensian Crusade
    • 19. The Spanish Reconquista
    • 20. The Baltic
    • 21. Syria in the Thirteenth Century
    • 22. Palestine and Egypt in the Thirteenth Century
    • 23. Acre in 1291
    • 24. Crusades in Europe

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