Cover: Before Orthodoxy: The Satanic Verses in Early Islam, from Harvard University PressCover: Before Orthodoxy in HARDCOVER

Before Orthodoxy

The Satanic Verses in Early Islam

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HARDCOVER

$51.50 • £41.95 • €46.50

ISBN 9780674047426

Publication Date: 04/24/2017

Academic Trade

352 pages

6-1/8 x 9-1/4 inches

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  • Introduction: How Does Truth Happen?
  • 1. How to Read the Earliest Sources?
  • 2. The Earliest Narrative Reports (Riwāyahs) and Their Transmitters
    • Riwāyahs 1 to 7: From Muḥammad b. Ka‘b al-Quraẓī
      • Riwāyah 1: From the Rayy Recension of the Sīrah of Muḥammad Ibn Isḥāq
      • Riwāyah 2: Abū Ma‘shar’s Report from Muḥammad b. Ka‘b and Muḥammad b. Qays
      • Riwāyah 3: al-Wāqidī’s Report from al-Muṭṭalib b. Ḥanṭab and the Banū Ẓafar
    • Riwāyahs 4 to 6: Summary Reports from Muḥammad b. Ka‘b al-Quraẓī
      • Riwāyah 4: A Summary Report from Muḥammad b. Ka‘b in the Tafsīr of Abū al-Layth al-Samarqandī
      • Riwāyah 5: A Summary Report from Muḥammad b. Ka‘b in the Tafsīr of Ibn Abī Ḥātim al-Rāzī
      • Riwāyah 6: A Summary Report from Muḥammad b. Ka‘b in the Tafsīr of Abū al-Shaykh al-Iṣbahānī
      • Riwāyah 7: From the Maghāzī of Yūnus b. Bukayr
    • Riwāyahs 8 to 13: From ‘Urwah b. al-Zubayr
      • Riwāyah 8: From Abū al-Aswad’s Egyptian Recension of ‘Urwah’s Maghāzī
      • Riwāyah 9: al-Bayhaqī’s Citation of the Maghāzī of Mūsā b. ‘Uqbah, and Ibn Kathīr’s Citation from Ibn Abī Ḥātim of the Maghāzī of Mūsā b. ‘Uqbah
      • Riwāyah 10: al-Dhahabī’s Citation of the Maghāzī of Mūsā b. ‘Uqbah
      • Riwāyah 11: Abū Nu‘aym al-Iṣbahānī’s Citation of the Maghāzī of Mūsā b. ‘Uqbah
      • Riwāyah 12: al-Suyūṭī’s Citation from Ibn Abī Ḥātim’s Tafsīr of the Maghāzī of Mūsā b. ‘Uqbah
      • Riwāyah 13: al-Kilā‘ī’s Citation of the Maghāzī of Mūsā b. ‘Uqbah
    • Riwāyahs 8 to 13: Conclusions
    • Riwāyahs 14 and 15: al-Zuhrī from Abū Bakr ‘Abd al-Raḥmān b. al-Ḥārith
      • Riwāyah 14: Probably from al-Zuhrī’s Tafsīr with a ṣaḥīḥ mursal isnād
      • Riwāyah 15: Probably from al-Zuhrī’s Kitāb al-maghāzī
    • Riwāyahs 14 and 15: Conclusions
    • Riwāyahs 16 to 20: From Abū al-‘Āliyah al-Baṣrī
      • Riwāyah 16: Cited by al-Ṭabarī with a ṣaḥīḥ mursal Basran isnād
      • Riwāyah 17: Also Cited by al-Ṭabarī with a ṣaḥīḥ mursal Basran isnād
      • Riwāyah 18: Cited by al-Suyūṭī in the Durr from the Tafsīrs of al-Ṭabarī, Ibn al-Mundhir and Ibn Abī Ḥātim by an Unspecified ṣaḥīḥ isnād
      • Riwāyah 19: Cited by al-Suyūṭī in the Durr from the Tafsīrs of al-Ṭabarī, Ibn al-Mundhir and Ibn Abī Ḥātim al-Rāzī
      • Riwāyah 20: Cited by Yaḥyā b. Sallām al-Baṣrī in his Tafsīr
    • Riwāyahs 16 to 20: Conclusions
    • Riwāyahs 21 and 22: From al-Suddī
      • Riwāyah 21: In the Tafsīr of ‘Abd b. Ḥumayd al-Samarqandī
      • Riwāyah 22: In the Tafsīr of Ibn Abī Ḥātim al-Rāzī
    • Riwāyah 23: From Muḥammad b. al-Sā’ib al-Kalbī
    • Riwāyahs 24 to 26: From Qatādah b. Di‘āmah
      • Riwāyah 24: Cited by Yaḥyā b. Sallām al-Baṣrī in His Tafsīr
      • Riwāyah 25: al-Ṭabarī’s Citation of Tafsīr Muḥammad ibn Thawr ‘an Ma‘mar ‘an Qatādah, and of al-Ḥasan b. Yaḥyā’s Citation of Qatādah in the Baghdādī Transmission of the Tafsīr of ‘Abd al-Razzāq al-Ṣan‘ānī
      • Riwāyah 26: From the Tafsīr of ‘Abd al-Razzāq al-Ṣan‘ānī
    • Riwāyahs 24 to 26: Conclusions
    • Riwāyahs 27 to 30: From Muqātil b. Sulaymān
      • Riwāyah 27: Muqātil’s Commentary on Qur’ān 22:52 al-Ḥajj
      • Riwāyah 28: Muqātil’s Commentary on Qur’ān 53:19–26 al-Najm
      • Riwāyah 29: Muqātil’s Commentary on Qur’ān 109 al-Kāfirūn
      • Riwāyah 30: Muqātil’s Commentary on Qur’ān 39:43–45 al-Zumar
    • Riwāyahs 27 to 30: Conclusions
    • Riwāyahs 31 to 33: From Mujāhid b. Jabr
      • Riwāyah 31: From Mujāhid’s Commentary on Qur’ān 22:52 al-Ḥajj Cited by Ibn ‘Aqīlah
      • Riwāyah 32: From Mujāhid’s Commentary on Qur’ān 39:45 al-Zumar Cited by al-Wāḥidī
      • Riwāyah 33: From Mujāhid’s Commentary on Qur’ān 17:73 al-Isrā’ Cited by al-Tha‘labī
    • Riwāyah 34: From al-Ḍaḥḥāk b. Muzāḥim al-Balkhī
    • Riwāyahs 35 to 44: Attributed to ‘Abd Allāh b. ‘Abbās
      • Riwāyah 35: From ‘Aṭiyyah b. Sa‘d al-‘Awfī
      • Riwāyah 36: From Abū Ṣāliḥ
      • Riwāyah 37: From ‘Aṭā’ b. Abī Rabāḥ al-Makkī
      • Riwāyah 38: Cited Directly from Ibn ‘Abbās in the Gharā’ib al-Qur’ān of Niẓām al-Dīn al-Naysābūrī
      • Riwāyah 39: From Abū Sāliḥ; from ‘Ikrimah the mawlā of Ibn ‘Abbās; and from an Unnamed Source
    • Riwāyahs 40 to 44: Sa‘īd b. Jubayr from Ibn ‘Abbās
      • Riwāyahs 40, 41 and 42: ‘Uthmān b. al-Aswad ← Sa‘īd b. Jubayr
      • Riwāyah 40: In the Mukhtārah of al-Ḍiyā’ al-Maqdisī with a Deficient isnād
      • Riwāyah 41: In the Tafsīr of Abū al-Layth al-Samarqandī with an Unacknowledged ṣaḥīḥ isnād
      • Riwāyah 42: In the Asbāb al-nuzūl of al-Wāḥidī with an isnād Stopping at Sa‘īd b. Jubayr
      • Riwāyahs 43 and 44: Shu‘bah ← Abū Bishr ← Sa‘īd b. Jubayr ← Ibn ‘Abbās
      • Riwāyah 43: Cited from Yūsuf b. Ḥammād al-Baṣrī in the Musnad of al-Bazzār with Two Cautionary Remarks
      • Riwāyah 44: Cited from Yūsuf b. Ḥammād al-Baṣrī in the Mu‘jam al-Kabīr of al-Ṭabarānī and in the Tafsīr of Ibn Mardawayh, with an Interesting Remark
    • Riwāyahs 35 to 44: Conclusions
    • Riwāyahs 45 to 47: From Sa‘īd b. Jubayr without Attribution to Ibn ‘Abbās
      • Riwāyah 45: Cited by al-Ṭabarī from Sa‘īd b. Jubayr via Shu‘bah and Abū Bishr Ja‘far b. Abī Waḥshiyyah
      • Riwāyah 46: Cited by Ibn Abī Ḥātim al-Rāzī from Sa‘īd b. Jubayr via Shu‘bah and Abū Bishr Ja‘far b. Abī Waḥshiyyah
      • Riwāyah 47: Cited by al-Suyūṭī in the Durr without an isnād
    • Riwāyahs 40 to 47: Conclusions
    • Riwāyah 48: From ‘Ikrimah, the mawlā of Ibn ‘Abbās
    • Riwāyahs 49 and 50: From al-Ḥasan al-Baṣrī
      • Riwāyah 49: Cited from al-Ḥasan al-Baṣrī in al-Nukat wa-al-‘uyūn of al-Māwardī
      • Riwāyah 50: Cited from al-Ḥasan al-Baṣrī in Aḥkām al-Qur’ān of al-Jaṣṣāṣ
    • Conclusions: The Satanic Verses, Riwāyahs 1 to 50
  • 3. Why Did the Early Muslim Community Accept the Satanic Verses Incident as Truth?
  • Bibliography
  • Acknowledgments
  • Index

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