Cover: The Retina: An Approachable Part of the Brain, Revised Edition, from Harvard University PressCover: The Retina in HARDCOVER

The Retina

An Approachable Part of the Brain, Revised Edition

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Product Details

HARDCOVER

$114.50 • £91.95 • €103.00

ISBN 9780674061545

Publication Date: 01/15/2012

Short

384 pages

12 color illustrations, 145 halftones

Belknap Press

World

  • Preface to the Revised Edition
  • Preface (1987)
  • 1. Approaches to the Brain
    • Invertebrates: Simpler Nervous Systems
    • Vertebrates: The Visual System
    • The Approachable Retina
    • Retinal Development and Evolution
  • 2. Retinal Cells and Information Processing
    • Cellular Organization
    • Classification of Retinal Neurons
      • Photoreceptor Cells
      • Horizontal Cells
      • Bipolar Cells
      • Amacrine Cells
      • Interplexiform Cells
      • Ganglion Cells
    • Retinal Processing
    • Ganglion Cell Receptive Fields
  • 3. Wiring of the Retina
    • Retinal Synapses
      • Conventional Synapses
      • Ribbon Synapses
      • Basal Junctions
      • Gap Junctions
    • Other Junctions
    • Synaptic Organization
      • Outer Plexiform Layer
        • Photoreceptor Terminals
        • Horizontal Cells
        • Interplexiform Cells
      • Inner Plexiform Layer
        • Bipolar Cells
        • Amacrine Cells
        • Centrifugal Fibers
    • Glial Cells
      • Müller Cells
        • Astrocytes and Microglia
    • Comparative Aspects of Synaptic Organization
      • Physiological Correlations
    • Generalized Schemes of the Synaptic Organization of the Vertebrate Retina
      • Central Primate Retina
  • 4. Neuronal Responses
    • Intracellular Recordings
      • Receptors: Light Responses and Their Interactions
      • Horizontal Cells: Electrical Coupling and Receptive Field Size
      • Bipolar Cells: Center-Surround Organization
      • Amacrine Cells: Transient and Sustained Responses
      • Interplexiform Cells
      • Ganglion Cells
    • Functional Organization of the Retina
      • On- and Off-center Ganglion Cells
      • Directionally Selective Ganglion Cells
      • Intrinsically Light-Sensitive Ganglion Cells
      • Generation of Other Types of Ganglion Cell Receptive Fields and Responses
  • 5. Synaptic Mechanisms and Chemistry
    • Distal Retinal Synaptic Mechanisms
    • Retinal Neurotransmission
      • Photoreceptors and L-Glutamate
      • Horizontal Cells
      • Bipolar Cells
      • Amacrine Cells
        • GABA and Glycine
    • Neuromodulation
      • Monoamines and Dopamine
      • Dopaminergic Interplexiform Cells in Teleosts
        • Diverse Effects of Dopamine
      • Unconventional Neuromodulators
        • Cannabinoids
      • Peptides
  • 6. Photoreceptor Mechanisms and Visual Adaptation
    • Discovery of the Visual Pigments
    • Vision and Vitamin A
    • The Action of Light and Visual Pigment Intermediates
    • Regeneration of Visual Pigments
    • Phototransduction
    • Visual Adaptation
      • Photochemical Dark Adaptation
      • Photoreceptor Light Adaptation
      • Network Mechanisms
  • 7. Color Vision
    • Cones and Color Vision
    • Evolution of Color Vision
    • Color Blindness
    • Visual Pigment Gene Families
    • Neural Processing of Color
      • Red/Green Opponency
      • Blue/Yellow Opponency
    • Color Mechanisms in Other Species
  • 8. Retinal Degenerations, Electroretinography, and Genetics
    • Nutritional Night Blindness and Vitamin A Deficiency
    • Studying Retinal Degenerations: The Electroretinogram
      • The b-Wave
      • The a-Wave
      • The c-Wave
      • Minor Components: The Oscillatory Potentials
    • Inherited Retinal Degenerations
      • Retinitis Pigmentosa
    • Animal Models
      • Inducing Retinal Mutations
      • Chemical Screens
    • Conclusions
  • 9. Retinal and Brain Mechanisms
    • Local-Circuit Neurons
    • Graded-Potential Neurons
    • Electrical Coupling
    • Neurotransmitters and Neuromodulators
    • Novel Synaptic Mechanisms
    • Receptive Field Mechanisms
    • Unsolved Problems and the Future
  • Epilogue
  • References
  • Index

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