Cover: Breaking Barriers: Travel and the State in Early Modern Japan, from Harvard University PressCover: Breaking Barriers in HARDCOVER

Harvard East Asian Monographs 163

Breaking Barriers

Travel and the State in Early Modern Japan

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$59.95 • £47.95 • €54.00

ISBN 9780674081079

Publication Date: 05/06/1995


  • Lists of Figures, Maps, and Tables*
  • Preface
  • Introduction
  • 1. The Arms and Legs of the Realm
    • Growth and Expansion of the Tokugawa System
    • The Road Infrastructure
    • Maintenance and General Road Conditions
    • Bridges and River Crossings
  • 2. The Social Organization of the Gokaidō Network
    • Sukegō Taxation
    • The Nature of the Sukegō Levy
    • Economic Problems of the Post Stations
    • Contention and Confrontation
  • 3. A Curious Institution
    • Sekisho before the Institutionalization of Alternate Attendance
    • The Strategic Role of Sekisho
    • Military and Police Functions
    • Guard Force and Back-up Mechanisms
    • Sekisho Regulations and Policy
    • Maintaining Civil Peace
    • Domain Barriers
  • 4. Permits and Passages
    • Applying for a Travel Permit
    • Types and Methods
    • Who Needed a Travel Permit?
    • Women and Travel Permits
    • Passing through the Barriers
  • 5. The Benevolence of the Realm
    • Flexibility with Defective Permits
    • Entering the Brush
    • Short-cuts and Cross-Dressing
    • Graft and the Purchase of Permits
    • Attempts to Regulate Pilgrimage
  • 6. Travel as Recreation
    • The Development of a Travel Industry
    • The Secularization of Pilgrimage
    • The Major Pilgrimage Sites
    • Social Participants
  • Conclusion
  • Appendices
  • Notes
  • List of Works Cited
  • Index
  • * Figures, Maps, and Tables
    • Figures
      • Kiso Fukushima Sekisho
      • 1. The Tōkaidō Near Kanagawa
      • 2. Travelers Being Carried across the Seto River at Fujieda
      • 3. View of the Yahagi Bridge at Okazaki
      • 4. Diagram of Hakone Sekisho
      • 5. Passing through Hakone Sekisho
      • 6. Travelers’ Permits Inspected at Arai
      • 7. Young Boy Being Examined at Arai
      • 8. A Full-service Inn at Ishibe
      • 9. Tour Guide at Seta Pointing Out Scene Captured in Travel Book
      • 10. Woman Keeping a Travel Diary at Arai
      • 11. Group of Country Bumpkins Sightseeing in Edo
    • Maps
      • 1. Gokaidō Network and Other Major Roads
      • 2. The Sekisho Network
      • 3. The Honzaka and Akiha Roads
      • 4. The Major Pilgrimage Circuits
    • Tables
      • 1. Gokaidō Statistics
      • 2. Percentage of Porters and Horses Performing Free Transport Service
      • 3. Number of Porters and Horses Used for Official Transport at Oiwake
      • 4. Transport Costs (in mon) at Odai Station
      • 5. Hakone and Its Branch Sekisho Guard Forces (1688)
      • 6. Sekisho Arsenals
      • 7. Issuers of Women’s Permits for Passage through Bakufu Sekisho
      • 8. Travel Permit Requirements for Hakone (1705)

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