Cover: By Design: Planning Research on Higher Education, from Harvard University PressCover: By Design in PAPERBACK

By Design

Planning Research on Higher Education

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Product Details


$36.00 • £28.95 • €32.50

ISBN 9780674089310

Publication Date: 03/01/1990


296 pages

6 x 9-1/4 inches

1 line illustration, 8 tables


Related Subjects

  • 1. Why Do Research On Higher Education?
    • Many Questions, Many Options
    • Our Philosophy of Research Design
    • How This Book Is Organized
  • 2. What Are Your Questions?
    • Why Are Research Questions So Important?
    • Getting Specific
    • Building on the Work of Others
    • Correlation versus Causation
    • The Wheel of Science
  • 3. What Groups Do You Want to Study?
    • Specifying the Target Population
    • Where Should You Conduct the Study
    • Selecting Your Sample
    • More than One Type of Respondent
    • Nonresponse Bias
  • 4. What Predictors Do You Want to Study?
    • Types of Predictors
    • The Important Role of Variation
    • Other Reasons for Selecting Predictors
    • The Integrity of Your Treatment
    • Choosing Which Predictors to Study
  • 5. Compared to What?
    • Why Do You Need a Comparison Group?
    • Randomized Control Groups: The Best Comparisons
    • Requiring Informed Consent
    • Volunteer Bias
    • Comparison Groups without Random Assignment
    • Retrospective Case-control Studies
    • Design Effects Can Swamp Treatment Effects
  • 6. What Are Your Outcomes?
    • Different Kinds of Outcomes
    • Will You Measure Status or Development?
    • Short-term versus Long-term Effects
    • Are Your Measures Valid?
  • 7. How Can You Improve Your Measures?
    • What Is Measurement Error?
    • Reliability and Measurement Error
    • Six Strategies for Improving Measurement Quality
    • Looking at Measurement Quality
  • 8. How Many People Should You Study?
    • Why Is Sample Size So Important?
    • What Size Effect Do You Want to Detect?
    • What Type of Analysis Will You Use?
    • Instruments Precision and Sample Size
    • What If Students Drop Out?
  • 9. Should You Try It Out on a Small Scale?
    • The Advantages of Pilot Studies
    • Piloting Instruments
    • Relational Studies
    • Informal Small-scale Experiments
    • Generalizing from a Small Study
  • 10. Where Should You Go From Here?
    • Getting Started
    • Lessons from Our Seminar
    • Decisions You Must Make
    • Planning a Longer-term Research Program
  • References
  • Index

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