Cover: Comparative Physiology of Vertebrate Respiration, from Harvard University PressCover: Comparative Physiology of Vertebrate Respiration in HARDCOVER

Comparative Physiology of Vertebrate Respiration

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$32.50 • £28.95 • €29.95

ISBN 9780674152502

Publication Date: 01/01/1963


142 pages



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  • Preface
  • Acknowledgement
  • 1. Introduction
    • A. The oxygen requirements of vertebrates
    • B. A comparison of air and water as respiratory media
  • 2. Aquatic Respiration of Fishes
    • A. Respiration in Cyclostomes
    • B. Bony fishes
      • i. Gill structure
      • ii. Counter-current principle
      • iii. The water flow across the gills
      • iv. Ventilation of the gills
      • v. Action of the skeletal and muscular systems during ventilation
    • C. Cartilaginous fishes
    • D. Ecological variations in the pattern of ventilation
  • 3. Air-Breathing in Fishes
    • A. Accessory respiratory organs
    • B. Lungs and the swimbladder of fishes
    • C. The swimbladder
      • i. Structure of the swimbladder
      • ii. Functiona the swimbladder
    • D. Respiration of lungfishes
  • 4. Respiration of Tetrapods
    • A. Ventilation in the Frog
    • B. Respiration of Reptiles
    • C. Birds
    • D. Mammals
    • E. Diving in Tetrapods
  • 5. The Metabolic Activity of Vertabrates
    • A. Body size and metabolism
    • B. Metabolic rate and temperature
      • i. Poikilotherms
      • ii. Homoiotherms
      • iii. Hibernation
  • 6. Control of Respiration and Body Temperature
    • A. Respiration
    • B. Chemical regulation of respiration
    • C. Temperature control
      • i. Heat production and conservation
      • ii. Heat loss
      • iii. Nervous mechanisms
  • 7. Transport of the Respiratory Gases
    • A. The transport of oxygen
    • B. The transport of carbon dioxide
  • 8. The Heart and Circulatory System in Relation to Aquatic and Aerial Respiration
    • A. The heart and aortic arches of fishes
    • B. Circulation in bony fishes with air-breathing organs
    • C. The heart and aortic arches of Dipnoi
    • D. The heart and aortic arches of Amphibia
    • E. The heart and aortic arches of modern reptiles
    • F. The mammalian double circulation
    • G. Structural and physiological changes in the mammalian heart and circulation at birth
  • 9. Cellular Respiration
    • A. The cytochrome system
    • B. Energy relationships
    • C. The supply of ATP
    • D. Lactic acid and exercise
  • 10. Conclusions
  • Further Reading
  • Index

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