Cover: Semantic and Conceptual Development: An Ontological Perspective, from Harvard University PressCover: Semantic and Conceptual Development in E-DITION

Cognitive Science Series 1

Semantic and Conceptual Development

An Ontological Perspective

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E-DITION

$65.00 • £54.95 • €60.00

ISBN 9780674181816

Publication Date: 12/13/1979

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  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. The Phenomena
    • Sentences That Do Not Make Sense
    • Naturalness of Classes
    • Similarity of Natural Classes
    • Naturalness of Copredications
  • 3. Developing a Theory
    • Goals
    • Underlying Knowledge
    • Historical Antecedents
    • Sommers’ Theory
    • Relation to the Phenomena
  • 4. Empirical Evaluation
    • On Using Intuitions
    • The Study of Anomaly
    • The Study of Natural Classes
    • The study of Class Similarity
    • The Study of Copredication
    • Methodological issues
  • 5. Other Psychological Research
    • Semantic Memory Research
    • Natural Categories
    • Anomaly
    • Possible Lexical Items
    • Similarity
    • Metaphor
  • 6. Origins of Ontological Knowledge
    • Children’s Intuitions of Anomaly
    • The First Grade-School Study
    • Tree Representations
    • Increasing Differentiation
    • Ordered and Asymmetrical Differentiation
    • Terms Denoting Classes
    • Before Predicates
    • Methodological Issues
    • Limitations and Unanswered Questions
  • 7. Follow-up Studies
    • The Second Grade-School Study
    • The M Constraint
    • Four Representative Cases
    • Developmental Patterns Reconsidered
    • The Preschool Study
    • A Study in a Different Language
  • 8. Other Developmental Research
    • Anomaly
    • Word Meaning
    • Hierarchical Organization of Word Meaning
    • Realism
    • Metaskills
    • Causality
    • Animism
    • Classification
    • Hierarchical Tree Structures
  • 9. A Closer Look at the Theory
    • Downward Tree Proliferation
    • Possible M-Constraint Violations
    • Contextual Influences
    • n-Place Predicates
    • Classes Without Unique Predicates
    • Distinguishing Metaphorical and Literal Meaning
    • Modal Notions
    • Other Ontological Systems
    • The Predicability Tree and Conceptual Knowledge
  • 10. Constraints and Development
    • Reasons for the M ConstraintHow Trees
    • Develop
  • Appendix A. Sommers’ Proof of the Law of Categorical Inclusion
  • Appendix B. Generating an M-Constrained Matrix from Random Data
  • Appendix C. Three Grade-School Studies
  • References
  • Author Index
  • Subject Index

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