Cover: Purposive Explanation in Psychology, from Harvard University PressCover: Purposive Explanation in Psychology in E-DITION

Purposive Explanation in Psychology

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$65.00 • £54.95 • €60.00

ISBN 9780674188419

Publication Date: 01/01/1972

408 pages


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  • I. Introduction
  • II. The Concept of Purpose
    • Definition of Purpose
    • Mechanistic Explanation
    • Teleological Explanation
    • Strict and Empirical Reduction
    • McDougall’s Attack on Reductionism
  • III. Behaviorist Interpretations of Purpose
    • Watson’s Formulation of Behaviorism
    • Perry and Holt: The Irreducibility of Purpose
    • Tolman’s Purposive Behaviorism
    • Later Behaviorists: Hull, Spence, Skinner, and Mowrer
    • Behaviorism and Empirical Reduction
  • IV. Purpose, Reductionism, and Cybernetics
    • Antireductionism in Third Force Psychology
    • The Reducibility of Cybernetic Explanations
    • Programs and Teleological Explanation
    • Psychological Predicates and Machines
    • Reductionism and Computer Simulation
    • The Reduction of Psychology to Physiology
  • V. Purpose, Instincts, and Natural Goals
    • Hedonistic Psychology
    • The Explanatory Role of Instinct
    • The Identification of Instincts
    • Instincts, Ethology, and Behavioral Genetics
    • Instincts and Plans
  • VI. Sentiments and Simulation
    • The Formation of Sentiments
    • Emotions, Temper, Temperament, and Tastes
    • Outlines of a Simulation of McDougall’s Personality Theory
  • VII. Purpose and Self
    • The Sentiment of Self-Regard
    • The Dissociation of Personality
    • Dissociation and Conscious Unity
  • VIII. Purpose, Consciousness, and Intensionality
    • Cause, Contingency, and Consciousness
    • Conation and Causation
    • The Cognitive Guidance of Behavior
    • Models and Mechanisms
    • Intensionality in Behavior and Consciousness
  • IX. Purpose and Mind
    • The Distinction Between Mind and Body
    • Self, Individuality, and Freedom
    • Subjectivity and Conscious Purposes
    • How the Mind Determines the Body
  • Bibliography
  • Notes
  • Index

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