Cover: The Worship of Confucius in Japan, from Harvard University PressCover: The Worship of Confucius in Japan in HARDCOVER

Harvard East Asian Monographs 421

The Worship of Confucius in Japan

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$85.00 • £73.95 • €77.95

ISBN 9780674237261

Publication Date: 02/04/2020


566 pages

6 x 9 inches

33 illus., 1 table

Harvard University Asia Center > Harvard East Asian Monographs


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  • List of Illustrations
  • Acknowledgments
  • Conventions
  • Introduction
  • I. The First Encounter: The Sekiten from the Eighth to the Sixteenth Century
    • 1. Chinese Origins: Canonical Confucian Rites and the Da Tang Kaiyuan li
    • 2. A Foreign Spirit in Japan: Fujiwara Promotion, Kibi no Makibi, and the Kanmu Emperor
    • 3. The Ninth Century: Oligarchy, Ambivalence, and Cultural Display
    • 4. Two Literati and the Court’s Canonical Ceremony: Sugawara no Michizane, Miyoshi Kiyoyuki, and the Engishiki
    • 5. The Long Decline: Traditionalism, Etiolation, and the Conflagration of 1177
    • 6. The Court Ceremony’s Afterlife: Mere Ritual and Its Legacy
  • II. The Second Encounter, First Phase: The Sekisai, 1598–1771
    • 7. The Challenge of Revival: Post-Tang Liturgy in Late Feudal Japan
    • 8. Confucian Spectacle in Edo: Hayashi Razan and Cultural Display
    • 9. The Rehearsal of a Foreign Rite: Zhu Shunshui and Tokugawa Mitsukuni
    • 10. The Shogun’s Solo Dance: Tokugawa Tsunayoshi
    • 11. Puppetry, Derogation, and Decline: Arai Hakuseki and Tokugawa Yoshimune
  • III. The Second Encounter, Second Phase: Imperial Sacrifice, the Reform of 1800, and Decline
    • 12. New Perspectives: Nativism, Confucian Controversy, and the Palace and Warrior Cults
    • 13. Emperor and Uncrowned King: The Palace Rite, the Kōkaku Emperor, and the Gakushūin
    • 14. Back to the Past: Matsudaira Sadanobu and the Engishiki Revival
    • 15. The Liturgists’ Discontents: Inuzuka Innan and Ōgōri Shinsai
    • 16. The Shogun’s Rite: Adapting to a Warriors’ World
    • 17. Traditionalism and Etiolation: Mere Ritual Again
  • IV. The Final Drama: Confucius Displaced
    • 18. Pluralism: Provincial Sekiten, Martial Cults, Shinto, and Mito Syncretism
    • 19. Confucius Impugned: Hirata Shinto and Hasegawa Akimichi
    • 20. Denouement in Meiji: Iwakura Tomomi and the Triumph of Shinto
  • Conclusion
  • Epilogue: The Sekiten in Modern Japan
  • Appendixes [See https://doi.org/10.5287/bodleian:eXrJObgb8]
    • 1. Nomenclature in the East Asian Cult of Confucius
    • 2. Liturgical Details
      • a. Engishiki: The Ceremony’s Bureaucratic Roots
      • b. The Liturgy of the 1670 Rinke Sekisai
      • c. The Mid-Nineteenth Century Bakufu Sekiten: A Diagram and Directives
    • 3. Unofficial and Commoner Worship of Confucius in Tokugawa Japan
    • 4. Early Tokugawa-Period Confucian Attitudes to the Sekiten
    • 5. Notes on the Shōkōkan Documents and the Text of Zhu Shunshui’s Kaitei sekiten gichū
    • 6. Early Warrior Ceremonies
    • 7. The Cult of Confucius in Korea, Vietnam, and Ryūkyū
  • List of Abbreviations
  • Bibliography
  • Index

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