Cover: American Sutra: A Story of Faith and Freedom in the Second World War, from Harvard University PressCover: American Sutra in PAPERBACK

American Sutra

A Story of Faith and Freedom in the Second World War

  • Prologue: Thus Have I Heard: An American Sutra
    • Buried Texts, Buried Memories
  • 1. America: A Nation of Religious Freedom?
    • December 7, 1941
    • American Buddhism: Migrations to Freedom
    • Buddhism as a National Security Threat
    • Surveilling Buddhism
    • Compiling Registries
  • 2. Martial Law
    • Buddhist Life under Martial Law
    • Camps in the Land of Aloha
  • 3. Japanese America under Siege
    • War Hysteria
    • Tightening the Noose
    • Executive Order 9066
    • The Forced “Relocation”
  • 4. Camp Dharma
    • The Dharma in the High-Security Camps
  • 5. Sangha behind Barbed Wire
    • Horse Stable Buddhism
    • “Barrack Churches” in Camp
  • 6. Reinventing American Buddhism
    • Adapting Buddhism
    • Sect and Trans-Sect
    • Interfaith Cooperation
    • Rooting the Sangha
  • 7. Onward Buddhist Soldiers
    • Richard Sakakida, American Spy
    • The Military Intelligence Service
    • Draftees and Volunteers
    • The 100th Battalion
    • The 442nd Regimental Combat Team
  • 8. Loyalty and the Draft
    • The Loyalty Questionnaire
    • Tule Lake Segregation Center
    • Leave Clearance and the Draft
  • 9. Combat in Europe
    • Dog Tags
    • Chaplains
    • Fallen Soldiers
  • 10. The Resettlement
    • Return to a Hostile West Coast
    • Temples as Homes
    • Resettling in Hawai‘i and Japan
    • Buddhism in America’s Heartland
  • Epilogue: The Stones Speak: An American Sutra
  • Acknowledgments
  • Notes
  • Index

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