Cover: Chang Chih-tung and Educational Reform in China, from Harvard University PressCover: Chang Chih-tung and Educational Reform in China in E-DITION

Chang Chih-tung and Educational Reform in China

Available from De Gruyter »

Product Details


$65.00 • €48.00

ISBN 9780674280298

Publication Date: 01/01/1971

287 pages


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One of the last great Confucians of imperial China, Chang Chih-tung (1837–1909) regarded Western-inspired educational reform as fundamental to preserving the Chinese state. In this monograph, William Ayers examines Chang’s extensive proposals for nationwide reform which culminated in the epoch-making abolition of the examination system in 1905. The author provides solid information of Chang’s career as a viceroy and adviser to the Manchu throne, as a scholar and thinker, and the founder of numerous schools and military academies. Meticulously documented, the volume is a remarkable exposition of the Confucian mind adjusting to modern circumstances; it is vital to the study of educational and cultural change in modern China.

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