Cover: The Fifth Branch: Science Advisers as Policymakers, from Harvard University PressCover: The Fifth Branch in PAPERBACK

The Fifth Branch

Science Advisers as Policymakers

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Product Details


$39.00 • £31.95 • €35.00

ISBN 9780674300620

Publication Date: 08/19/1998


320 pages

6-1/8 x 9-1/4 inches

2 line illustrations, 7 tables


  • 1. Rationalizing Politics
    • The Rise of Social Regulation
    • Science and Policymaking
    • Expertise and Trust
    • The Contingency of Knowledge
    • The Reform Debate
    • An Alternative Approach
  • 2. Flawed Decisions
    • Nitrites
    • 2,4,5-T
    • Love Canal
    • Estimates of Occupational Cancer
    • The Technocratic Response
    • A Critical Counterpoint
  • 3. Science for the People
    • The Rationale for Public Science
    • The “New” Expert Agency
    • Scientific Advice and Open Government
    • Judicial Review of Science Policy
    • The Weakening of the Paradigm
  • 4. Peer Review and Regulatory Science
    • The Traditions of Peer Review
    • Peer Review in Practice
    • Instructive Failures
    • Regulatory Science: Content and Context
    • Implications for Regulatory Peer Review
  • 5. EPA and the Science Advisory Board
    • Early Political Challenges
    • A New Cooperation
    • Boundary Exercises
    • SAB’s Impact on Policy
    • Conclusion
  • 6. The Science and Policy of Clean Air
    • CASAC and the NAAQS Process
    • Science and Standards
    • Redefining CASAC’s Role
    • The Carbon Monoxide Controversy
    • CASAC’s Effectiveness: Bridging Science and Policy
  • 7. Advisers as Adversaries
    • The Scientific Advisory Panel
    • Implementing the Impossible
    • Ethylene Dibromide
    • Dicofol
    • Alar
    • A Fragmentation of Authority
  • 8. FDA’s Advisory Network
    • The Scientific Evaluation of Drugs
    • Expertise and Food Safety
    • Advice and Decision
  • 9. Coping with New Knowledge
    • The Quest for Principled Risk Assessment
    • Formaldehyde: An Uncertain Carcinogen
    • Conclusion
  • 10. Technocracy Revisited
    • A Public–Private Partnership for Science
    • Risk Assessment without Politics
    • The Public Board of Inquiry
    • Wider Applications
  • 11. The Political Function of Good Science
    • From Advice to Policy
    • Acceptable Risk
    • Scientific Advice as Legitimation: Negotiation and Boundary Work
    • Defining “Good Science”
    • Normative Implications
    • Conclusion
  • Notes
  • Index

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