Cover: German Social Democracy, 1905–1917 in PAPERBACK

Harvard Historical Studies 65

German Social Democracy, 1905–1917

The Development of the Great Schism

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$45.50 • £36.95 • €41.00

ISBN 9780674351257

Publication Date: 01/01/1983


374 pages

3 tables

Harvard Historical Studies


  • I. The Reform Tactic Challenged, 1905–1907
    • 1. Background: The Erfurt Synthesis and the Rise of Reformism
      • i. Toward a Revolutionary Socialist Party
      • ii. The Forces of Reform: The Southern Wing
      • iii. The Forces of Reform: The Trade-Unions
      • iv. Bernstein’s Revisionism
      • v. Party Discipline and Revisionist Federalism
    • 2. The Impact of the Russian Revolution of 1905
      • i. The Intensification of Labor’s Economic Struggles
      • ii. Restlessness in the Radical Camp
      • iii. The Russian Revolution, the Mass Strike, and the Trade-Unions
      • iv. The Battle of Jena and the Radical Victory
      • v. The Suffrage Crisis
      • vi. Mannheim: The Trade-Unions Strike Back
      • vii. The Radical Legacy of 1905
    • 3. The Elections of 1907 and the National Question
      • i. The Elections of 1907: The Victory of the “World-Political Idea”
      • ii. Disunity in Defeat
      • iii. The Status of the National Question before 1907
      • iv. The Party Practitioners: Compromise with Nationalism? The International Congress: the National Question Begged
  • II. The Consolidation of the Right, 1906–1909
    • 4. The Extension of the Trade-Union Influence
      • i. The Fallow Years
      • ii. The Destruction of a Symbol
      • iii. Curbing the Youth Movement
      • iv. The Pattern of Trade-Union Conquest and Its Significance
      • v. The Radical Position in the Bloc Period: Kautsky’s Road to Power
    • 5. Party Structure and Factional Power
      • i. Toward a Uniform Party Structure
      • ii. The New Bureaucracy
      • iii. Regional Organizations: The New Centers of Power
      • iv. The Party Congress: Structure and Politics
  • III. Two Tactics for Constitutional Reform, 1909–1910
    • 6. The Break-up-of the Bülow Bloc: Reformist Possibilities
      • i. The Reich Financial Crisis and the Dissolution of the Bülow Bloc
      • ii. A Coalition for Reform?: The Progressives and the National Liberals
      • iii. Social Democracy and the Financial Reform
      • iv. Reformist Opportunity and the Vacillation of the Radicals
    • 7. The Constitutional Crisis: The Swing to the Left and the Division to the Radicals
      • i. The Tactic for Suffrage Reform
      • ii. The “Suffrage Storm” and the Division of the Radicals
      • iii. The Revisionist Offensive and Radical Disunity
      • iv. Aftermath at Magdeburg: The Triple Split
  • IV. The Deepening Crisis and the Reconsolidation of the Radicals, 1911–1914
    • 8. The Morocco Crisis and the Party Reform
      • i. The Morocco Crisis: Ballot Box versus Creed
      • ii. The Demand for the Reform of the Executive
      • iii. The New Executive
      • iv. The Deflection of Reform and the Radical Revolt
      • v. The Political Significance of the Reform Movement
    • 9. The Electoral Alliance of 1912 and the Left Radical Offensive
      • i. The Electoral Alliance of 1912
      • ii. Failure of the Reform Coalition: The National Liberals Move Rightward
      • iii. Imperialism and the “New Tactic”
      • iv. Wormwood and Gall
    • 10. The Sense of Sickness and the Reconsolidation of the Radicals
      • i. Labor on the Defensive
      • ii. Internal Pressures on the Trade-Unions
      • iii. Against Imperialism or for Reform?
      • iv. The Doldrums
      • v. What Is to Be Done?
      • vi. The Final Alignment: Reunion on the Left
      • vii. Toward the Independent Social Democratic Party
  • V. The Breakdown
    • 11. War and Schism
      • i. August Fourth
      • ii. The New Position of the Labor Leaders
      • iii. The New Discipline and the Re-Emergence of the Opposition
      • iv. The Division of the Opposition Leadership; the Annexation Question
      • v. Economic Hardships and Political Persecution
      • vi. The Schism Consummated
    • 12. Conclusion: The Great Transformation
  • Bibliographical Essay
      • i. Documentary Sources
      • ii. Periodicals and Newspapers
      • iii. Memoirs, Biographies, Letters, Speeches
      • iv. Contemporary Writings on Social Democratic Theory and Tactics
      • v. History and Sociology of the Social Democratic Party
      • vi. Trade-Unions
      • vii. General Studies of Socialism and the International Socialist Movement
      • viii. The German Background
  • Index

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