Cover: The United States and the Andean Republics: Peru, Bolivia, and Ecuador, from Harvard University PressCover: The United States and the Andean Republics in E-DITION

The United States and the Andean Republics

Peru, Bolivia, and Ecuador

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$65.00 • £54.95 • €60.00

ISBN 9780674418332

Publication Date: 01/01/1977

493 pages


American Foreign Policy Library


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  • 1. Perspectives of Cultural Contrasts
    • Individualism and Rising Expectations
    • Patronalism-Clientelism, Corporativism, and Andean Cultural Patterns
    • Patronalist-Clientelist Corporativism and the Image of the Limited Good
    • The Nature of Government
  • 2. The Social Matrix of the Andean Past
    • Indians, the Hacienda, and the Frontier Experience in the Colonial Era
    • Race Relations and Corporativism
    • Education, Letters, and the Patronalist-Clientelist, Corporative Society
    • Merchants and Landowners
    • The Ideological Background to the Andean Independence Movement
  • 3. Prelude to Chaos: The Implications of Independence
    • Religion and the Implications of Independence
    • Liberalism, Conservativism, and the Corporativism Issue
    • Economic Collapse and the Blow to Liberalism
    • Andean Krausists as Early Critics of Liberal Modernization
    • Andean Regionalism
    • The Racial Issue and the Implications of Independence
  • 4. The Nineteenth-Century Quest for Stability and Progress
    • Peru: Independence and the Age of Caudillos
    • The Age of Castilla and of Guano
    • Herrera versus Vigil
    • Economic and Political Disintegration, 1868-1879
    • Bolivia: The Attainment of Independence
    • The Rule of Sucre, Santa Cruz, and Ballivián, 1826-1847
    • Tata Belzu, the Precursor of Andean Populism, 1848-1855
    • Civilian and Military Rule, 1857-1879
    • Ecuador: Independence from Spain and Gran Colombia
    • The Age of Flores, Rocafuerte, and Urbina, 1830-1860
    • The Age of Garcia Moreno and the Aftermath, 1861-1883
  • 5. Rivalry, Diplomacy, War, and Reconstruction in the Nineteenth Century
    • Intervention and Balance-of-Power Politics to the 1870s
    • The War of the Pacific
    • Reconstruction in Bolivia and Peru
    • Ecuador, 1883-1895
  • 6. The Apogee of Liberalism and the Rise of U.S. Influence, 1900-1920
    • Liberalism and the Indians
    • Liberalism and the Church
    • Progress and the Rise of a New Plutocracy
    • The Penetration of U.S. Capital:
    • Peru
    • Bolivia
    • Ecuador
    • The Social Problem Surfaces
    • Disillusionment with Liberalism
  • 7. Andean Political Establishments and Transition, the 1920s
    • Andean Political Establishments Respond to New Challenges:
    • Leguía and the Political Establishment in Peru
    • Saavedra and Siles and the Political Establishment in Bolivia
    • Civilians, the Military, and the Political Establishment in Ecuador
    • Intensification of U.S. Economic Penetration
    • The Rise of U.S. Diplomatic Influence
  • 8. Aspiring Elites and Transition
    • Catholicism and Transition
    • Marxism-Leninism and Transition
    • Marxian Indianism and Revolutionary Transition
    • The APRA and Its Formulas for Transition
    • Prophets of Transition and U.S. Relations
  • 9. Experiments with Reformism: The Depression and Wartime Years
    • Populism in Peru and Ecuador, 1930-1934
    • The Chaco War and the Aftermath in Bolivia, 1930-1946
    • Weathering the Storm in Peru and Ecuador, 1934-1945
  • 10. Revolution in Bolivia, Muddling Through in Peru and Ecuador, 1945-1960
    • Respectable Indianism in Andean America
    • The Bolivian Social Revolution:
    • The Revolution and the Indian or Campesino
    • The Revolution and the Urban and Mining Sectors
    • The Revolution and the United States
    • The Old Order in Peru
    • The Established Order and the Political Kaleidoscope in Ecuador
  • 11. The Alliance for Progress and Andean Transitions, 1961-1968
    • Bolivia and the Attempt to Impose Order, 1960-1968
    • The Political Scene in Ecuador
    • The Political Scene in Peru
    • Breakdown of the Old Order: The Agrarian Sector
    • Breakdown of the Old Order: The Urban Sector
    • The United States and the Breakdown of the Old Order
    • External Dependency Theories
    • The Military and Its Perceived Role of Nation-Building
  • 12. A New Era Emerges, 1968-1976
    • The View from Andean America
    • Peru’s New Corporativism and the Quest for Controlled Development
    • Ecuador and the Transition to Military Corporativism
    • Bolivia: Shifting Patterns of Military Rule
    • The Catholic Church and the New Corporativism
    • The Uncertain Prospects of Andean Corporativism
  • 13. Epilogue: On Life and Culture in Postmodern Times
  • Notes
  • Index

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