Cover: Management and Morale, from Harvard University PressCover: Management and Morale in E-DITION

Management and Morale

Available from De Gruyter »

Product Details


$65.00 • £54.95 • €60.00

ISBN 9780674420540

Publication Date: 01/01/1941

194 pages


Harvard University Press has partnered with De Gruyter to make available for sale worldwide virtually all in-copyright HUP books that had become unavailable since their original publication. The 2,800 titles in the “e-ditions” program can be purchased individually as PDF eBooks or as hardcover reprint (“print-on-demand”) editions via the “Available from De Gruyter” link above. They are also available to institutions in ten separate subject-area packages that reflect the entire spectrum of the Press’s catalog. More about the E-ditions Program »

Fifteen years ago the Western Electric Company, at its Hawthorne plant at Chicago, began asking some research questions about the conditions influencing worker output. One of the early discoveries was that conditions are controlled by a hitherto neglected factor—the human factor. Since then, three things have been taking place simultaneously: First, it is being demonstrated that workers as human beings affect output as much as machines and incentive systems, and this must be taken into account as a major part of the work equilibrium. Second, a method for handling workers as human beings and taking account of the social organization that inevitably arises in any organized activity is being developed at the Hawthorne plant in the form of a Counseling Program. Third, the implications of these developments have been suggesting a critical re-examination of the prevalent beliefs and practices regarding problems of obtaining cooperation and morale in modern industrial organizations.

Management and Morale now takes up this last suggestion and gives a preliminary statement of a new, emerging point of view that may prove to be revolutionary with regard to the management of organized activity. It is at once an attempt to clear up the welter of confusion which has prevailed in the social sciences and spread through the fields of personnel and labor problems and is a pioneering effort to establish “cooperative phenomena” as a field for serious, scientific research. Students of social conditions will have a special interest in this book because it resolves the conflicts between schools of thought which have hindered so long the development of scientific knowledge in this area.

Recent News

From Our Blog

Jacket: What Stars Are Made Of: The Life of Cecilia Payne-Gaposchkin, by Donovan Moore, from Harvard University Press

The Most Famous Astronomer You’ve Never Heard Of

Despite her pioneering contributions to science, Cecilia Payne-Gaposchkin has not always been recognized as one of the most influential scientists of the twentieth century. In What Stars Are Made Of, Donovan Moore sets out to change this, with the first full biography of this trailblazing scientist. To celebrate the International Day of Women and Girls in Science, we are pleased to highlight five

‘manifold glories of classical Greek and Latin’

The digital Loeb Classical Library ( extends the founding mission of James Loeb with an interconnected, fully searchable, perpetually growing virtual library of all that is important in Greek and Latin literature.