Cover: The Tongues of Italy: Prehistory and History, from Harvard University PressCover: The Tongues of Italy in E-DITION

The Tongues of Italy

Prehistory and History

Available from De Gruyter »

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$65.00 • £54.95 • €60.00

ISBN 9780674435094

Publication Date: 01/01/1958

465 pages


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Italy’s linguistic history reaches back past the Stone Ages. Through the intervening centuries it has passed through a series of colorful, turbulent changes. It has been affected by such diverse factors as geography, climate, invasions, politics, religion, literature, roads, and colonies.

Ernst Pulgram’s complete linguistic history of Italy encompasses a span of time and an extent of subject matter not hitherto treated in one book. He is able to show that classical Latin was completely different from the spoken idioms, thus he refutes the notion of a sudden break down of Latinity and a “birth” of the Romance languages, views which he says have been held due to the uncritical analysis of the written evidence.

Avoiding a mechanistic view of language, the author describes its history in the cultural and historic setting in which the speakers lived. Linguistic and non-linguistic evidence are always considered together. It is shown that the concept of “Indo-European” cannot be localized in time and space.

The four sections of the book are devoted to Modern Italy, Pre-Roman Italy, Roman Italy, and Medieval Italy.

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Jacket: An Inquiry into Modes of Existence: An Anthropology of the Moderns, by Bruno Latour, translated by Catherine Porter, from Harvard University Press

Honoring Latour

In awarding Bruno Latour the 2021 Kyoto Prize for Arts and Philosophy, the Inamori Foundation said he has “revolutionized the conventional view of science” and “his philosophy re-examines ‘modernity’ based on the dualism of nature and society.” Below is an excerpt from An Inquiry into Modes of Existence: An Anthropology of the Moderns. For more than twenty years, scientific and technological controversies have proliferated in number and scope, eventually reaching the climate itself. Since geologists are beginning to use the term “Anthropocene” to designate the era of Earth’s history that follows the Holocene