Cover: Axis and Circumference: The Cylindrical Shape of Plants and Animals, from Harvard University PressCover: Axis and Circumference in E-DITION

Axis and Circumference

The Cylindrical Shape of Plants and Animals

Product Details


$65.00 • £54.95 • €60.00

ISBN 9780674436961

Publication Date: 06/10/1988

132 pages



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  • Preface
  • 1. The Importance of Shape
    • Form, Structure, Time, and Function
    • Properties
    • Scales of Size and Time
    • The Mechanical Viewpoint
  • 2. The Mechanics of Shape
    • One-, Two-, and Three-Dimensional Shapes
    • Cross-Sectional Shape and Mechanical Properties
  • 3. Materials and Their Mechanical Properties
    • Stress and Strain
    • Deformability, Toughness, and Brittleness
    • Deformability and Water Content
    • Anisotropy in Biomaterials
  • 4. Structural Systems of Shaped Elements
    • Branched Cylinders
    • Hydrostats
    • Kinetic Frameworks
  • 5. The Origin of the Cylindrical Body Shape
    • Feature 1: Extracellular Polymers
    • Feature 2: Cross-Linking of the Polymers
    • Feature 3: Parallel Orientation of Fibers
    • Feature 4: Cylindrical Body Form
    • Alternative Forms
  • 6. Plants and Animals Today
    • The Shapes of Organisms
    • Increasing Size and Distribution of Materials
    • Whole-Animal Design
  • Envoi
  • Bibliographic Note
  • References
  • Illustration Sources
  • Index

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