Cover: The Kalevala: Or, Poems of the Kaleva District, from Harvard University PressCover: The Kalevala in PAPERBACK

The Kalevala

Or, Poems of the Kaleva District

Compiled by Elias Lönnrot

Translated by Francis Peabody Magoun, Jr.

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Product Details


$35.50 • £28.95 • €32.00

ISBN 9780674500105

Publication Date: 03/15/1985

Academic Trade

440 pages

6-1/8 x 9-1/4 inches

1 map


  • Translator’s Foreword
  • The Kalevala
    • 1. Lönnrot’s prologue; the creation of the world and the birth of Väinämöinen
    • 2. Väinämöinen’s sowing of the primeval wilderness; a sower’s charm
    • 3. Väinämöinen’s defeat of Joukahainen in a contest of wisdom; the pledging of Aino; maxims
    • 4. Väinämöinen’s ill-fated wooing of Aino; Aino’s drowning
    • 5. Väinämöinen’s unsuccessful fishing for Aino; his mother’s advice to woo the maiden of North Farm
    • 6. Joukahainen fells Väinämöinen’s horse
    • 7. Väinämöinen and Louhi of North Farm; his promise of a Sampo
    • 8. Väinämöinen and the maiden of North Farm; his wounded knee
    • 9. The origin of iron; blood-stanching charms; the healing of Väinämöinen ’s knee
    • 10. Ilmarinen forges the Sampo
    • 11. The marriage of Lemminkäinen and Kyllikki of the Island
    • 12. Lemminkäinen bewitches North Farm; protective charms
    • 13. Lemminkäinen woos the maiden of North Farm; he fails to catch the Demon’s elk, assigned as a qualifying task
    • 14. Huntsmen’s charms; a ransom charm; Lemminkäinen captures the Demon’s elk and bridles the Demon’s gelding; while going to shoot the swan of Death’s Domain he is shot dead by Soppy Hat
    • 15. At home blood on his brush reveals Lemminkäinen ’s death; his mother finds and reassembles the pieces of his body and restores him to life; vein, bee, and cowbane charms
    • 16. Väinämöinen’s boat-building and his visit to Death’s Domain
    • 17. Väinämöinen exacts charms from tortured Antero Vipunen; banishment charms and charms against disease and misadventure
    • 18. Väinämöinen and Ilmarinen sue for the maiden of North Farm
    • 19. The maiden of North Farm accepts Ilmarinen; IImarinen’s three qualifying tasks; a snake charm, a huntsman’s charm
    • 20. The slaughtering of the big Karelian steer; preparations for the wedding feast at North Farm; the origin of beer
    • 21. The wedding feast at North Farm; wedding lays
    • 22. Wedding lay: Tormenting and consoling a bride
    • 23. Wedding lays: The government of a bride; The lay of an abused daughter-in-law
    • 24. Wedding lays: The government of a groom; Lay of a bride’s going away; Ilmarinen and the maiden of North Farm set out for home
    • 25. At home Ilmarinen and his bride are ceremoniously received
    • 26. Lemminkäinen intrudes upon the wedding at North Farm; snake charms; the origin of snakes
    • 27. The duel at North Farm
    • 28. Lemminkäinen’s hasty return from North Farm
    • 29. Lemminkäinen’s self-exile on an island
    • 30. Lemminkäinen’s and Snowfoot’s wild goose chase and the big freeze; charms against Jack Frost and wizards
    • 31. The feud between Untamo and Kalervo; Kullervo’s unfortunate upbringing; an antifertility charm
    • 32. Kullervo as a herdsman; cattle, milk, and bear charms
    • 33. The death of Ilmarinen’s lady
    • 34. Kullervo’s homecoming
    • 3. The unhappy meeting of Kullervo and his sister
    • 36. Kullervo’s revenge on Untamo; his suicide
    • 37. Ilmarinen’s gold and silver bride
    • 38. Ilmarinen’s new bride from North Farm; a report on the Sampo
    • 39. The expedition of Väinämöinen, Ilmarinen, and Lemminkäinen to North Farm to steal the Sampo
    • 40. Väinämöinen’s pikebone harp; rapids charms
    • 41. Väinämöinen plays the pikebone harp
    • 42. The theft of the Sampo from North Farm
    • 43. The sea and air battle for the Sampo; the lucky preservation in the Kaleva District of some fragments of the Sampo; a soldier’s protective charm
    • 44. Väinämöinen ’s new birchwood harp
    • 45. Magically induced diseases in the Kaleva District; the origin of pestilences; charms against pain
    • 46. The slaying of the bear at North Farm and the great feast in the Kaleva District; a bear-hunter’s charm; the origin of bears
    • 47. The mistress of North Farm steals the sun and the moon; the disappearance of Ukko’s fire
    • 48. The difficult recovery of Ukko’s fire; a fisherman’s charm; a charm against burns
    • 49. Ilmarinen’s silver sun and golden moon; Väinämöinen’s duel at North Farm; the mistress of North Farm releases the true sun and moon; divining charms
    • 50. The virgin Marjatta’s immaculate conception; her son is designated King of Karelia; Väinämöinen ’s discomfiture and flight; Lönnrot’s epilogue
  • Appendices: Materials for the Study of the Kalevala
    • A. “Elias Lönnrot,” by Aarne A. Anttila
    • B. “The Kalevala,” by Vaino W. Salminen and Viljo Tarkiainen
    • C. Concordances: Old and New Kalevala
    • D. Lönnrot ’s Prefaces to the Kalevala
    • E. Henrik Gabriel Porthan on Ceremonial Peasant Singing
  • Translator’s Appendix
    • A. On the Translation of Certain Words
    • B. Glossary of Proper Names
    • C. Reference List of Finnish Names
    • D. List of Charms, in Order of Occurrence
    • F. Corrigenda

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