Cover: Maxime Weygand and Civil-Military Relations in Modern France in HARDCOVER

Harvard Historical Studies 81

Maxime Weygand and Civil-Military Relations in Modern France

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$52.00 • £41.95 • €47.00

ISBN 9780674557017

Publication Date: 01/01/1967


  • Abbreviations
  • Prologue
    • Weygand’s Origins and Youth
    • His Career as an Officer to 1914
    • Foch and the Great War
    • Versailles
    • Warsaw, 1920
    • Syria, the C.S.G., and Prepration for Command
    • Weygand’s Political Personality Emerges
  • Chapter 1: Weygand’s Appointment and the Army of 1930
    • Politics and the Appointment
    • The Post-1919 Military Reforms and the Setting of the Civil-Military Problem
  • Chapter 2: The Disarmament Crisis, 1930–1935
    • Weygand’s and Gamelin’s Attitudes Toward Disarmament
    • The Clash with the Government, 1932–1934
    • Effects on the Civil-Military Relationship
  • Chapter 3: The Effectives Crisis, 1930–1935
    • The Problem of Effectives and Weygand’s Policy
    • The Struggle with Daladier and the Command Crisis of December 1933
    • The Stalemate with Pétain, 1934
    • Gamelin’s “Final Solution,” 1935
  • Chapter 4: The Military Crises and Doctrine, 1934–1940
    • Weygand’s Retirement in 1935
    • The Path to 1940 and the Three Great Problems of the 1930s
    • French Military Doctrine and de Gaulle’s Challenge of 1934
    • The Command’s Reaction: Theory
    • The Command’s Reaction: Rearmament
    • The Military Crises and Doctrinal Failure
    • The Command’s Guardianship of the Army and Doctrinal Failure
    • Doctrine, Guardianship, and 1940
  • Chapter 5: The Military Crises and Political Instability, 1934–1940
    • The Command Crisis of December 1933 and the Origins of the Sixth of February, 1934
    • The Military Crises and the Outcome of the Political Upheaval
    • Weygand and the de Lattre Affair
    • The Soldiers and the Problem of Political Instability
    • Civilian Reaction and the New Boulangism
    • The Army’s Guardianship of the Nation
  • Chapter 6: The Military Crises and Relations between Army, Nation, and Regime
    • The Army and the Nation
    • The Soldier and the State
    • Politico-Military Crisis and the Conflict of Loyalties
    • Weygand and the Problem of Responsibility to the Nation Before 1940
  • Chapter 7: Weygand and the Soldiers’ Outlook on Politics, 1935–1939
    • Weygand and His Retirement “Mission”: National Conditions
    • The Franco-Soviet Pact of 1936
    • The Fruits of Despair
    • The New Malaise Militaire and the Three “Affairs” of 1937–1938: the “Spanish Document,” “Corvignolles,” and the C.S.A.R.
    • Weygand and the New Appel au Soldat
    • Soldiers and Politics on the Eve of the War: Weygand Recalled to Service
  • Chapter 8: 1940
    • The Background of Conflict
    • Weygand’s Military Decisions, May 21–May 26
    • Reynaud’s Dilemma
    • Weygand’s Intervention in Politics
    • The meaning of 1940
  • Epilogue
    • Weygand at Vichy in 1940
    • Weygand in North Africa, 1940–1941
    • Weygand in Captivity and on Trial, 1942–1948
    • Rehabilitation
    • The Civil-Military Struggle of the 1950s
    • Weygand and the new Army in Politics
    • The Françis-Drapeau
  • Conclusion
  • Bibliography

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