Cover: On Intelligence in PAPERBACK

On Intelligence

A Biological Treatise on Intellectual Development, Expanded Edition

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Product Details


$37.00 • £29.95 • €33.50

ISBN 9780674634565

Publication Date: 09/01/1996


312 pages

6-1/8 x 9-1/4 inches

9 line illustrations, 4 tables


  • Preface, 1996
  • Preface to the Original Edition
  • Acknowledgments
  • Part 1: Social Context and Intellectual Development
    • 1. Why a Treatise on Intelligence?
      • Five Easy Facts
      • Old Wine in New Bottles?
      • Traditional Psychological Theories of Intelligence
      • About the Rest of This Book
    • 2. Toward an Inductive Theory of Intellectual Complexity
      • Toward a Developmental Framework
      • Terminological Considerations
        • Elaborated Knowledge Structures Versus Cognitive Processes
        • Knowledge Versus Intelligence
    • 3. Mismatches Between Intelligent Peformance and IQ
      • Cultural Anthropology
        • Grocery Shopping
        • Dairy Workers
        • !Kung San Hunters
      • Experimental Psychology
        • Cupcake Baking
        • Capturing Butterflies
        • City Manager
    • 4. A Social-Organizational Analysis of Intellectual Development
      • Social Class and IQ
      • Motivational Values Inculcated Through Parenting
      • SAT Scores and Academic Achievement
        • Income and SATs: One Interpretation
        • Income and SATs: An Alternate Interpretation
      • The Terman Study of Genius
        • The Validity of IQ
        • Convergence from Recent Life Course Analyses
      • Thirtysomething: To Be Born Rich or Smart
    • 5. The Impact of Schooling on Intelligence
      • Correlation Between IQ and Years in School
        • Influence of Summer Vacation on IQ
        • Continuous Impact of Schooling on IQ
        • Impact of Delayed Schooling on IQ
        • School Achievement versus Aptitude
        • Influence of Early Termination of Schooling on IQ
        • Influence of Northern Schooling on Black IQ
        • Influence of Early School Entry on Cognitive Development
        • Influence of Intergenerational Changes in Schooling
        • Quality of Schooling
      • Schooling and Information Processing
        • Perceptual Abilities
        • Concept Formation
        • Memory
        • Other Cognitive Skills
        • Taking Stock
  • Part 2: The Bioecological Framework
    • 6. The Role of Context in Shaping Multiple Intelligences
      • Contextualism and Intelligence
        • Cognitive Molecules Out of Context
        • Culture’s Role
      • A Bioecological Theoretical Framework
        • Introducing the Bioecological View
        • Multiple Cognitive Potentials
      • Pitting g Against a Multiple Potential Perspective
        • Central Processing Capacity
        • The Problem with Factors
      • Contexts of Crystallization
        • Motives as Crystallizing Agents
        • Environmental Challenges
      • Knowledge versus Intelligence
        • Some Illustrative Anecdotes
        • Knowledge and Process in Symbiosis
    • 7. A Model of Cognitive Complexity
      • Evaluating the Bioecological Framework vis-à-vis Classic Forms of Evidence: The Case of Heritability
        • Genetics
        • Methods of Estimating h2
        • The Stability, Nature, and Meaning of h2
        • The Assumption of Additivity
      • Differences Between Correlations and Means
        • Confounding Genetic and Ecological Sources of Shared Variance
    • 8. The Fallacy: Biology = IQ = Intelligence = Singularity of Mind = Real-World Success
      • Cross-Task Commonality
        • The Role of Task Complexity
        • g and job Success
      • Positive Manifold
        • Same-Different Judgments
        • The Role of Practice
        • Age of Aquisition and Memory
    • 9. How Abstract Is Intelligence?
      • The Relationship Between Intelligence and Abstraction
        • Transfer Within and Across Domains
        • Abstractness Defined
        • The Role of Knowledge in Abstraction
      • Race and Abstraction: The Jensen Study
      • Generality
        • The Effect of Training on Transfer
        • Transfer and Cross-Task Correlations
        • The Problem of Problem Isomorphs
    • 10. Taking Stock of the Options
      • Contrasting the Bioecological Framework with Existing Theories
        • Contextualist Theories
        • Information Processing Theory
        • Structural Theories: Piaget’s Theory and Case’s Theory
        • Case’s Theory of Intellectual Development
        • Knowledge-based Theories of Intellectual Development
        • Theories of Multiple Intelligences
        • Sternberg’s Triarchic Theory
        • Modularity Theories
      • Caveat Lector
  • Epilogue
  • Endnotes
  • References
  • Subject Index

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