Cover: Ontogeny and Phylogeny, from Harvard University PressCover: Ontogeny and Phylogeny in PAPERBACK

Ontogeny and Phylogeny

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$46.50 • £37.95 • €42.00

ISBN 9780674639416

Publication Date: 01/17/1985


520 pages

6 x 9 inches

71 line illustrations

Belknap Press


    • 1. Prospectus
  • I. Recapitulation
    • 2. The Analogistic Tradition from Anaximander to Bonnet
      • The Seeds of Recapitulation in Greek Science?
      • Ontogeny and Phylogeny in the Conflict of “Evolution” and Epigenesis: The Idyll of Charles Bonnet
      • Appendix: The Revolution in “Evolution”
    • 3. Transcendental Origins, 1793–1860
      • Naturphilosophie: An Expression of Developmentalism
      • Two Leading Recapitulationists among the Naturphilosophen: Oken and Meckel
      • Oken’s Classification of Animals Linear Additions of Organs
      • J. F. Meckel’s Sober Statement of the Same Principles
      • Serres and the French Transcendentalists
      • Recapitulation and the Theory of Developmental Arrests
      • Von Baer’s Critique of Recapitulation
      • The Direction of Development and Classification of Animals
      • Von Baer and Naturphilosophie: What Is the Universal Direction of Development?
      • Louis Agassiz and the Threefold Parallelism
    • 4. Evolutionary Triumph, 1859–1900
      • Evolutionary Theory and Zoological Practice
      • Darwin and the Evolution of Von Baer’ Laws
      • Evolution and the Mechanics of Recapitulation
      • Ernst Haeckel: Phylogeny as the Mechanical Cause of Ontogeny
      • The Mechanism of Recapitulation
      • The American Neo-Lamarckians: The Law of Acceleration as Evolution’s Motor
      • Progressive Evolution by Acceleration
      • The Extent of Parallelism
      • Why Does Recapitulation Dominate the History of Life?
      • Alpheus Hyatt and Universal Acceleration
      • Lamarckism and the Memory Analogy
      • Recapitulation and Darwinism
      • Appendix: The Evolutionary Translation of von Baer’s Laws
    • 5. Pervasive Influence
      • Criminal Anthropology
      • Racism
      • Child Development
      • Primary Education
      • Freudian Psychoanalysis
      • Epilogue
    • 6. Decline, Fall, and Generalization
      • A Clever Argument
      • An Empirical Critique
      • Organs or Ancestors: The Transformation of Haeckel’s Heterochrony
      • Interpolations into Juvenile Stages
      • Introduction of Juvenile Features into the Adults of Descendants
      • What Had Become of von Baer’s Critique?
      • Benign Neglect: Recapitulation and the Rise of Experimental Embryology
      • The Prior Assumptions of Recapitulation
      • Wilhelm His and His Physiological Embryology: A Preliminary Skirmish
      • Roux’s Entwicklungsmechanik and the Biogenetic Low
      • Recapitulation and Substantive Issues in Experimental Embryology: The New Preformationism
      • Mendel’s Resurrection, Haeckel’s Fall, and the Generalization of Recapitulation
  • II. Heterocrony and Paedomorphosis
    • 7. Heterochrony and the Parallel of Ontogeny and Phylogeny
      • Acceleration and Retardation
      • Confusion in and after Haeckel’s Wake
      • Guidelines for a Resolution
      • The Reduction of de Beer’s Categories of Heterochrony to Acceleration and Retardation
      • A Historical Paradox: The Supposed Dominance of Recapitulation
      • Dissociability and Heterochrony
      • Correlation and Disociability
      • Dissociation of the Three Processes
      • A Metric for Dissociation
      • Temporal Shift as a Mechanism of Dissociation
      • A Clock Model of Heterochrony
      • Appendix: A Note on the Multivariate Representation of Dissociation
    • 8. The Ecological and Evolutionary Significance of Heterochrony
      • The Argument from Frequency
      • The Importance of Recapitulation
      • The Importance of Heterochronic Change: Selected Cases
      • Frequency of Paedomorphosis in the Origin of Higher Taxa
      • A Critique of the Classical Significance of Heterochrony
      • The Classical Arguments
      • Retrospective and Immediate Significance
      • Heterochrony, Ecology, and Life-History Strategies
      • The Potential Ease and Rapidity of Heterochronic Change
      • The Control of Metamorphosis in Insects
      • Amphibian Paedomorphosis and the Thyroid Gland
    • 9. Progenesis and Neoteny Insect Progenesis
      • Prothetely and Metathetely
      • Paedogenesis (Parthenogenetic Progenesis) in Gall Midges and Beetles
      • Progenesis in Wingless, Parthenogenetic Aphids
      • Additional Cases of Progenesis with a Similar Ecological Basis
      • Neotenic Solitary Locusts: Are They an Exception to the Rule?
      • Amphibian Neoteny
      • The Ecological Determinants of Progenesis
      • Unstable Environments
      • Colonization
      • Parasites
      • Male Dispersal
      • Progenesis as an Adaptive Response to Pressures for Small Size
      • The Role of Heterochrony in Macroevolution: Contrasting Flexibilities for Progenesis and Neoteny
      • Progenesis
      • Neoteny
      • The Social Correlates of Neoteny in Higher Vertebrates
    • 10. Retardation and Neoteny in Human Evolution
      • The Seeds of Neoteny
      • The Fetalization Theory of Louis Bolk
      • Bolk’s Data
      • Bolk’s Interpretation
      • Bolk’s Evolutionary Theory
      • A Tradition of Argument
      • Retardation in Human Evolution
      • Morphology in the Matrix of Retardation
      • Of Enumeration
      • Of Prototypes
      • Of Correlation
      • The Adaptive Significance of Retarded Development
    • 11. Epilogue
  • Notes
  • Bibliography
  • Glossary
  • Index

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