Cover: Organizational Ecology, from Harvard University PressCover: Organizational Ecology in PAPERBACK

Organizational Ecology

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Product Details


$48.50 • £38.95 • €43.50

ISBN 9780674643499

Publication Date: 01/01/1993


384 pages

6-1/8 x 9-1/4 inches

38 line illustrations, 23 tables


  • Preface
  • I. Theory
    • 1. Organizations and Social Structure
      • Organizational Diversity
      • Perspectives on Organizational Change
      • The Demography and Ecology of Organizations
      • Population Thinking
      • Evolution of Organizational Forms
      • Dynamic and Comparative Analysis
    • 2. Theoretical Background
      • Organization Theory and Sociology: Missing Connections
      • Comparison of Contemporary Approaches
      • Controversies and Misunderstandings
      • Managerial Implications and Applications
    • 3. Boundaries of Forms and Populations
      • Approaches to Defining Forms
      • A Focus on Boundaries
      • Boundary Dynamics and Diversity
      • Implications for Research
    • 4. Structural Inertia and Organizational Change
      • Structural Inertia
      • A Hierarchy of Inertial Forces
      • Variations in Strength of Inertia
    • 5. Competition and the Niche
      • The Principle of Isomorphism
      • The Niche
      • Classical Competition Theory
      • Niche Overlap and Competition
    • 6. Modeling the Dynamics of Organizational Populations
      • Variations in Intrinsic Founding Rates
      • Effects of Environments on Carrying Capacities
      • Conceptualizing the Size of Populations
      • Carrying Capacities and Density Dependence
      • Rate Dependence and Diversity Dependence
      • Dynamics of Selection
  • II. Methods
    • 7. Designs of Empirical Studies
      • Defining Events
      • National Labor Unions
      • Semiconductor Merchant Producers
      • Newspaper Publishers in San Francisco
      • Comparison of Data Sets
    • 8. Models and Methods of Analysis
      • Describing Organizational Histories
      • Models for Transition Rates
      • Counting Process Models
      • Estimation and Testing
  • III. Empirical Finding
    • 9. The Population Ecology of Founding and Entry
      • Core Questions
      • Founding Rates of Labor Unions
      • Entry Rates of Semiconductor Manufacturing Firms
      • Founding Rates of Newspaper Firms
      • Comparisons and Contrasts
    • 10. Age Dependence in Failure Rates
      • The Liability of Newness
      • National Labor Unions
      • Exits of Semiconductor Manufacturing Firms
    • 11. The Population Ecology of Organizational Mortality
      • Disbanding Rates of Labor Unions
      • Exit Rates of Semiconductor Firms
      • Failure Rates of Newspaper Firms
      • Comparisons and Contrasts
    • 12. Dynamics of Niche Width and Mortality
      • Niche Width and Mortality of Restaurants
      • Niche Width and Exit Rates of Semiconductor Firms
      • Comparisons and Contrasts
    • 13. Conclusions
      • Implications of the Research
      • Problems for Analysis
  • References
  • Name Index
  • Subject Index

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