Cover: Philosophical Explanations in PAPERBACK

Philosophical Explanations

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PAPERBACK

$42.50 • £34.95 • €38.50

ISBN 9780674664791

Publication Date: 03/17/1983

Academic Trade

784 pages

Belknap Press

World

Related Subjects

  • Introduction
        • Coercive Philosophy
        • Philosophical Explanations
        • Status of the Hypotheses
        • Explanation versus Proof
        • Philosophical Pluralism
  • Metaphysics
    • 1. The Identity of the Self
      • i. Personal Identity through Time
        • The Closest Continuer Theory
        • The Theory Applied
        • Overlap
        • Structuring Philosophical Concepts
        • Problem Cases
        • Ties and Caring
      • ii. Reflexivity
        • Reflexive Self-Reference
        • Essence as a Self
        • How Is Reflexive Self-Knowledge Possible?
        • Classification and Entification
        • Self-Synthesis
        • What Synthesis Explains
        • Unities and Wholes
        • The Self-Conception of the Self
        • Reflexive Caring
        • An Ontologically Solid Self?
    • 2. Why Is There Something Rather Than Nothing?
        • Explaining Everything
        • Inegalitarian Theories
        • Egalitarianism
        • Fecundity
        • Fecundity and Self-Subsumption
        • Ultimacy
        • The Principle of Sufficient Reason
        • How Are Laws Possible? Beyond Mystical Experience
  • Epistemology
    • 3. Knowledge and Skepticism
      • i. Knowledge
        • Conditions for Knowledge
        • Ways and Methods
        • Knowledge of Necessities
        • Cases and Complications
      • ii. Skepticism
        • Skeptical Possibilities
        • Skeptical Results
        • Nonclosure
        • Skepticism and the Conditions for Knowledge
        • Narrower Skepticisms
        • Details of Nonclosure
        • Proof and the Transmission of Knowledge
        • Skepticism Revisited
        • Knowing That One Knows
      • iii. Evidence
        • The Evidential Connection
        • Evidence Based on Probability
        • Inference Based on Probability
        • The Contingency of the Evidential Tie
        • Is There Evidence for Skepticism?
        • Knowledge, Evidence, and Justification
        • Evidence for the Evidential Relation
        • How the Regress Stops
        • Knowing Inside Out
        • What’s So Special about Knowledge?
  • Value
    • 4. Free Will
      • i. Choice and Indeterminism
        • Weigh(t)ing Reasons
        • Nonrandom Weighting
        • Understanding and Explaining Free Choices
        • Could One Have Bestowed Otherwise?
        • Why Free Will, and How
        • Is Free Will Valuable?
      • ii. Determinism and Aligning with Value
        • Tracking Bestness
        • How the Tracking Is Mediated
        • How Illuminating Is the Parallel?
        • Does Neurophysiological Reduction Undercut Tracking?
        • Does Sociobiology Undercut Tracking?
        • Acts in Equilibrium
        • Self-choosing
      • iii. Retributive Punishment
        • A Framework for Retribution
        • A Rationale Is Needed
        • Retribution and Revenge
        • The Message of Retribution
        • Connecting with Correct Values
        • The Act Requirement
        • Flouting Correct Values
        • Retributive Contours
        • More on the r × H Structure
        • Offenders and the Law
        • Determinism and Punishment
    • 5. Foundations of Ethics
      • i. Ethical Push
        • Glaucon’s Challenge
        • Inconsistency and Motivation
        • The Moral Benefit
        • Leading the Most Valuable Life
        • Intrinsic Value
        • Degree of Organic Unity
        • Value as Degree of Organic Unity
        • The Structure of Value
        • Conditions on Value and Disvalue
        • The Allure of Value
        • Explaining the Role of Organic Unity
        • Designing Value
        • Pluralism and Creativity
      • ii. Ethical Pull
        • The Moral Basis
        • Seeking Value
        • Blocking Moral Avoidance
        • Moral Responsiveness
        • Responding and Anti-Responding
        • Responsive Interaction and Moral Principles
      • iii. The Structure of Ethical Pull
        • Moral Complications and Moral Structures
        • The Simple Balancing Structure
        • Judgment in Ethics
        • The Complex Structure: Alternative Actions
        • Measurement of Moral Weight
        • The Complex Structure: Larger Courses of Action
        • Deontology and Teleology
        • Rights
      • iv. The Life of Value
        • Self-Improvement
        • Harmonious Hierarchical Development
        • Developing Self and Others
        • Flourishing
        • The Value of Valuers
        • Treating in Accordance with Value
        • Responsive Connection to Reality
        • Parity of Push and Pull
        • Does Push Cover Pull?
      • v. Fact and Value
        • Chasms
        • Ethical Explanation and Self-Subsumption
        • Kantian Structuring
      • vi. The Basis of Value
        • The Euthyphro Question
        • Nihilism, Realism, Idealism, Romanticism, and Realizationism
        • Choosing That There Be Value
        • The Relationship Between Fact and Value
    • 6. Philosophy and the Meaning of Life
        • Modes of Meaning(fulness)
        • Death
        • Traces
        • God’s Plan
        • Transcending Limits
        • The Unlimited
        • Meaning and Value
        • Philosophy as Part of the Humanities
        • Reductionism
        • Nonreductive Understanding
        • Philosophy as an Art Form
  • Notes

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