More than 2,800 citations indexed by author and by subject comprise this bibliography of studies on the physiology of exercise. Selected from a vast literature on physical stress, the majority of works in this listing concern basic physiology. The emphasis is on studies representing the origin and development of fundamental concepts, although some clinical studies with implications for basic physiology are included. The bibliography includes references from a period, 1500 to 1964, not available through the computerized retrieval system (MEDLARS) of the National Library of Medicine. Most entries were published in the late nineteenth and twentieth centuries and thus reflect the growth of the field.