HARVARD ORIENTAL SERIES
Cover: The Earliest Missionary Grammar of Tamil in HARDCOVER

Harvard Oriental Series 76

The Earliest Missionary Grammar of Tamil

Fr. Henriques' Arte da Lingua Malabar: Translation, History, and Analysis

Translated with commentary by Jeanne Hein

V. S. Rajam

  • Part I. Historical Context
    • I. The Setting: The Paravas of the “Fishery Coast” in the 16th Century
    • II. Missionary Activities
      • IIa. Francis Xavier
      • IIb. Fr. Henriques: Missionary and Linguist
    • III. The Arte: Historical Studies from the Text
    • IV. The Arte: As Document in the Cultural Encounter
    • V. Confidence
  • Part II. Translation of the Arte da Lingua Malabar
    • Alphabet and Pronunciation
    • The Declensions of the Nouns
      • First Declension
      • Second Declension
      • Third Declension
      • Fourth Declension
      • Fifth Declension
        • First Class
        • Second Class
        • Third Class
      • Honorific Form
      • General Rules for Declining Easily
    • Concerning Adjective Nouns
    • The Pronouns
    • Concerning Participles
      • Present Participle
      • Preterit Participle
      • Negative Future Participle
      • The Participle which Has the Likeness of Future Participle
    • Conjugation of Verbs
      • First Conjugation
      • Second Conjugation
      • [Third Conjugation]
      • Fourth Conjugation
      • Fifth Conjugation
      • Sixth Conjugation
      • Seventh Conjugation
      • Eighth Conjugation
      • Ninth Conjugation
    • Personal Verbs
      • First Conjugation
        • Present Tense
        • The Preterit
        • The Affirmative Future
        • The Imperative
        • Negative Future
        • The Infinitive
        • Rules
        • Verbs of the First Conjugation
      • Second Conjugation
        • Present Tense
        • The Preterit
        • Affirmative Future
        • Imperative
        • Negative Future
        • Infinitive
        • Summary—Second Conjugation
      • Third Conjugation
        • Present—First Class
          • Affirmative Future
          • Imperative
          • Negative Future
          • Infinitive
        • Present—Second Class
          • Imperative
          • Negative Future
        • Summary—Third Conjugation
      • Fourth Conjugation
        • Present
        • Preterite
        • Future
        • Imperative
        • Negative Future
        • Infinitive
        • Summary—Fourth Conjugation
      • Fifth Conjugation
        • Fifth Conjugation—First Class
          • Present
          • Preterite
          • Future
          • Imperative
          • Infinitive
        • Fifth Conjugation—Second Class
          • Present
          • Preterite
          • Future
          • Imperative
          • Negative Future
          • Infinitive
        • Summary—Fifth Conjugation—First Class
        • Summary—Fifth Conjugation—Second Class
      • Sixth Conjugation
        • Present
        • Preterite
        • Future
        • Imperative
        • Negative Future
        • Infinitive
        • Summary—Sixth Conjugation
      • Seventh Conjugation
        • Present
        • Preterite
        • Future
        • Imperative
        • Negative Future
        • Infinitive
        • Summary—Seventh Conjugation
      • Eighth Conjugation
        • Present
        • Preterite
        • Future
        • Imperative
        • Negative Future
        • Infinitive
        • Summary—Eighth Conjugation
      • Ninth Conjugation
        • Present
        • Preterite
        • Future
        • Imperative
        • Negative Future
        • Infinitive
        • Summary—Ninth Conjugation
    • Impersonal Verbs, or Concerning Irrational Things
      • Present
      • Preterite
      • Affirmative Future
      • Negative Future
      • Infinitive
    • Impersonal Verbs Not Derived from Personal Verbs
      • Present
      • Preterite
      • Affirmative Future
      • Negative Future
      • Infinitive
    • Concerning the Passive Verbs
      • Present
      • Preterite
      • Affirmative Future
      • Imperative
      • Negative Future
      • Infinitive
      • Passive Verbs of the First Conjugation
      • Passive Verbs of the Second Conjugation
      • Passive Verbs of the Third Conjugation
      • Passive Verbs of the Fourth Conjugation
      • Passive Verbs of the Fifth Conjugation
      • Passive Verbs of the Sixth Conjugation
      • Passive Verbs of the Seventh Conjugation
      • Passive Verbs of the Eighth Conjugation
      • Passive Verbs of the Ninth Conjugation
    • The Verb ‘To Be’
      • Present
      • Preterite
      • The Future avê
      • Imperative
      • Negative Future
      • Infinitive
    • Sentences
      • The Construction of This Malabar Language
      • Some Ways of Speaking in This Language
    • Conclusion
  • Part III. Organization of the Arte
    • Orthography
    • Nouns
      • The Five Declensions of Nouns
        • First Declension
        • Second Declension
        • More Examples
      • Honorific Form
      • General Rules for Declining
      • Adjective Nouns
      • Pronouns
    • Participles
    • Verbs
      • Personal Verbs
        • The Concept of Verb and Tense
        • Deriving the Tenses
        • First Conjugation
          • Present Tense
        • The 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th, 7th, 8th, and the 9th Conjugations
      • Impersonal Verbs
      • The Passive Verbs
      • The Verb “to be”
    • Sentences
    • Conclusion
  • Part IV. Afterword
    • Uniqueness
    • Ingenuity and Innovation
    • Pragmatics
    • Departure from Traditional Grammars
      • Letters and Sounds
      • Types of Words
      • Morpho-phonemics
      • Case
      • Attitude toward Language Usage
    • Challenges
      • Pronunciation/Phonology
      • Morphology
      • Grammatical Concepts
    • Foundation for Later Analysis
    • Society
    • Conclusion
      • Into the Future
  • Part V. Appendices
    • A. Vowels
    • B. Consonants
    • C. Nominal Suffixes
    • D. Verbs
      • Personal Verbs
        • Verbs of the 1st Conjugation
        • Verbs of the 2nd Conjugation
        • Verbs of the 3rd Conjugation
        • Verbs of the 4th Conjugation
        • Verbs of the 5th Conjugation
        • Verbs of the 6th Conjugation
        • Verbs of the 7th Conjugation
        • Verbs of the 8th Conjugation
        • Verbs of the 9th Conjugation
      • Impersonal Verbs
      • Passive Verbs
    • E. Tenses and Subtenses
    • F. Tamil Words
    • G. The Literary Works of Henrique Henriques, S. J.
  • Bibliography
  • Index

Recent News

From Our Blog

Photo of Lucia Jacobs as a child sitting next to Oaky

How to Plant a Forest

For this week’s University Press Week Blog Tour, Lucia Jacobs offers us a glimpse of environmental stewardship as seen through the activities of the ubiquitous squirrel, a species native to the Americas, Africa, and Eurasia from the Eocene Epoch onward. Lucia Jacobs is Professor of Psychology and Neuroscience at the

‘manifold glories of classical Greek and Latin’

The digital Loeb Classical Library (loebclassics.com) extends the founding mission of James Loeb with an interconnected, fully searchable, perpetually growing virtual library of all that is important in Greek and Latin literature.