HARVARD ORIENTAL SERIES
Cover: The Earliest Missionary Grammar of Tamil in HARDCOVER

Harvard Oriental Series 76

The Earliest Missionary Grammar of Tamil

Fr. Henriques' Arte da Lingua Malabar: Translation, History, and Analysis

Translated with commentary by Jeanne Hein

V. S. Rajam

  • Part I. Historical Context
    • I. The Setting: The Paravas of the “Fishery Coast” in the 16th Century
    • II. Missionary Activities
      • IIa. Francis Xavier
      • IIb. Fr. Henriques: Missionary and Linguist
    • III. The Arte: Historical Studies from the Text
    • IV. The Arte: As Document in the Cultural Encounter
    • V. Confidence
  • Part II. Translation of the Arte da Lingua Malabar
    • Alphabet and Pronunciation
    • The Declensions of the Nouns
      • First Declension
      • Second Declension
      • Third Declension
      • Fourth Declension
      • Fifth Declension
        • First Class
        • Second Class
        • Third Class
      • Honorific Form
      • General Rules for Declining Easily
    • Concerning Adjective Nouns
    • The Pronouns
    • Concerning Participles
      • Present Participle
      • Preterit Participle
      • Negative Future Participle
      • The Participle which Has the Likeness of Future Participle
    • Conjugation of Verbs
      • First Conjugation
      • Second Conjugation
      • [Third Conjugation]
      • Fourth Conjugation
      • Fifth Conjugation
      • Sixth Conjugation
      • Seventh Conjugation
      • Eighth Conjugation
      • Ninth Conjugation
    • Personal Verbs
      • First Conjugation
        • Present Tense
        • The Preterit
        • The Affirmative Future
        • The Imperative
        • Negative Future
        • The Infinitive
        • Rules
        • Verbs of the First Conjugation
      • Second Conjugation
        • Present Tense
        • The Preterit
        • Affirmative Future
        • Imperative
        • Negative Future
        • Infinitive
        • Summary—Second Conjugation
      • Third Conjugation
        • Present—First Class
          • Affirmative Future
          • Imperative
          • Negative Future
          • Infinitive
        • Present—Second Class
          • Imperative
          • Negative Future
        • Summary—Third Conjugation
      • Fourth Conjugation
        • Present
        • Preterite
        • Future
        • Imperative
        • Negative Future
        • Infinitive
        • Summary—Fourth Conjugation
      • Fifth Conjugation
        • Fifth Conjugation—First Class
          • Present
          • Preterite
          • Future
          • Imperative
          • Infinitive
        • Fifth Conjugation—Second Class
          • Present
          • Preterite
          • Future
          • Imperative
          • Negative Future
          • Infinitive
        • Summary—Fifth Conjugation—First Class
        • Summary—Fifth Conjugation—Second Class
      • Sixth Conjugation
        • Present
        • Preterite
        • Future
        • Imperative
        • Negative Future
        • Infinitive
        • Summary—Sixth Conjugation
      • Seventh Conjugation
        • Present
        • Preterite
        • Future
        • Imperative
        • Negative Future
        • Infinitive
        • Summary—Seventh Conjugation
      • Eighth Conjugation
        • Present
        • Preterite
        • Future
        • Imperative
        • Negative Future
        • Infinitive
        • Summary—Eighth Conjugation
      • Ninth Conjugation
        • Present
        • Preterite
        • Future
        • Imperative
        • Negative Future
        • Infinitive
        • Summary—Ninth Conjugation
    • Impersonal Verbs, or Concerning Irrational Things
      • Present
      • Preterite
      • Affirmative Future
      • Negative Future
      • Infinitive
    • Impersonal Verbs Not Derived from Personal Verbs
      • Present
      • Preterite
      • Affirmative Future
      • Negative Future
      • Infinitive
    • Concerning the Passive Verbs
      • Present
      • Preterite
      • Affirmative Future
      • Imperative
      • Negative Future
      • Infinitive
      • Passive Verbs of the First Conjugation
      • Passive Verbs of the Second Conjugation
      • Passive Verbs of the Third Conjugation
      • Passive Verbs of the Fourth Conjugation
      • Passive Verbs of the Fifth Conjugation
      • Passive Verbs of the Sixth Conjugation
      • Passive Verbs of the Seventh Conjugation
      • Passive Verbs of the Eighth Conjugation
      • Passive Verbs of the Ninth Conjugation
    • The Verb ‘To Be’
      • Present
      • Preterite
      • The Future avê
      • Imperative
      • Negative Future
      • Infinitive
    • Sentences
      • The Construction of This Malabar Language
      • Some Ways of Speaking in This Language
    • Conclusion
  • Part III. Organization of the Arte
    • Orthography
    • Nouns
      • The Five Declensions of Nouns
        • First Declension
        • Second Declension
        • More Examples
      • Honorific Form
      • General Rules for Declining
      • Adjective Nouns
      • Pronouns
    • Participles
    • Verbs
      • Personal Verbs
        • The Concept of Verb and Tense
        • Deriving the Tenses
        • First Conjugation
          • Present Tense
        • The 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th, 7th, 8th, and the 9th Conjugations
      • Impersonal Verbs
      • The Passive Verbs
      • The Verb “to be”
    • Sentences
    • Conclusion
  • Part IV. Afterword
    • Uniqueness
    • Ingenuity and Innovation
    • Pragmatics
    • Departure from Traditional Grammars
      • Letters and Sounds
      • Types of Words
      • Morpho-phonemics
      • Case
      • Attitude toward Language Usage
    • Challenges
      • Pronunciation/Phonology
      • Morphology
      • Grammatical Concepts
    • Foundation for Later Analysis
    • Society
    • Conclusion
      • Into the Future
  • Part V. Appendices
    • A. Vowels
    • B. Consonants
    • C. Nominal Suffixes
    • D. Verbs
      • Personal Verbs
        • Verbs of the 1st Conjugation
        • Verbs of the 2nd Conjugation
        • Verbs of the 3rd Conjugation
        • Verbs of the 4th Conjugation
        • Verbs of the 5th Conjugation
        • Verbs of the 6th Conjugation
        • Verbs of the 7th Conjugation
        • Verbs of the 8th Conjugation
        • Verbs of the 9th Conjugation
      • Impersonal Verbs
      • Passive Verbs
    • E. Tenses and Subtenses
    • F. Tamil Words
    • G. The Literary Works of Henrique Henriques, S. J.
  • Bibliography
  • Index

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