Cover: A First Language: The Early Stages, from Harvard University PressCover: A First Language in E-DITION

A First Language

The Early Stages

Available from De Gruyter »

Product Details


$65.00 • £54.95 • €60.00

ISBN 9780674732469

Publication Date: 01/01/1973

437 pages

3 halftones, 15 line illustrations, 71 tables


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  • An Unbuttoned Introduction
    • Five Aspects of Sentence Construction
    • Relations or Roles within the Simple Sentence
    • Modulations of Meaning within the Simple Sentence
    • Modalities of the Simple Sentence
    • Embedding of One Sentence within Another
    • Coordination of Simple Sentences and Propositional Relations
    • Linguistic Apes
    • Washoe’s Accomplishments
    • Sarah’s Accomplishments
    • The Study of Adam, Eve, and Sarah
    • The Expository Plan of this Work
  • Stage 1: Semantic Roles and Grammatical Relations
    • The Available Data
    • Characterizations of the Data
    • Telegraphic Speech
    • Pivot and Open Classes
    • Concepts and Relations
    • Grammatical Relations, Predication, and Topic—Comment
    • Case Grammar
    • Conclusions
    • The Role of Word Order
    • The Period of Single-Word Utterances
    • Word Order in Spontaneous Speech
    • Discriminating Response to Contrastive Word Orders
    • Word Order Judgments and Corrections
    • Word Sequencing in Aphasics
    • Conclusions
    • The Major Meanings at Stage 1
    • Causes of the “Pivot Look”
    • Prevalent Relations and Development in Stage 1
    • Definitions and Fragmentary Data
    • Sensorimotor Intelligence and the Meanings of Stage 1
    • A Grammar for Late Stage 1 English
    • Facts to be Represented
    • Examples of Detail that will not be Represented
    • A Schlesinger-type Grammar
    • A Case Grammar
    • A Bloom-type Grammar
    • Summary of Grammar Types
    • In General Summary
  • Stage 2: Grammatical Morphemes and the Modulation of Meanings
    • The Order of Acquisition
    • The Morphemes Scored
    • Grammatical Morphemes Not Scored
    • The Order of Acquisition
    • Acquisition Order in Other Studies of Spontaneous Speech
    • Acquisition Order in Controlled Studies
    • Acquisition Order for Grammatical Morphemes in Languages Other Than English
    • The Grammar of the Fourteen Morphemes
    • The Progressive
    • The Prepositions in and on
    • Plural and Singular Number
    • Past Tense
    • The Possessive
    • The Copula
    • Articles
    • The Semantics of the Fourteen Morphemes
    • The Progressive
    • The Prepositions in and on
    • Plural and Singular Number
    • Past Tense
    • The Possessive
    • The Copula
    • The Third Person
    • Articles
    • The Frequency of the Fourteen Morphemes in Parental Speech
    • Determinants of the Order of Acquisition
    • Frequency
    • Semantic Complexity
    • Grammatical Complexity
    • The Problem of Variability
    • The Problem of Segmentation
  • Summary
  • Conclusions
  • References
  • Index

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