Cover: Executive Privilege: A Constitutional Myth, from Harvard University PressCover: Executive Privilege in E-DITION

Executive Privilege

A Constitutional Myth

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$65.00 • £54.95 • €60.00

ISBN 9780674733756

Publication Date: 01/01/1974

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  • Abbreviations
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. History of Legislative Inquiries into Executive Conduct
    • A. Parliamentary Inquiries
    • B. Colonial and Early State Materials
    • C. The Founders
  • 3. Presidential Powers: The “Executive Power”
  • 4. Presidential Powers: The Commander-in-Chief
    • A. The Intention of the Founders
      • 1. The Commander-in-Chief Clause
      • 2. “Congress shall have power…to declare war”
    • B. Presidential Usage: The “125 Incidents”
    • C. “Adaptation by Usage”
    • D. Inherent Presidential Power: United States v. Curtiss-Wright Export Corporation
    • E. What is the Exclusive Presidential Enclave?
  • 5. Presidential Powers: Foreign Relations
    • I. Negotiations of Treaties
      • A. The Text of the Constitution
      • B. The Understanding of the Founders
      • C. Washington’s Contemporaneous Construction
      • D. Marshall’s “Sole Organ” of Foreign Relations
      • E. Hamilton’s Later Views
      • F. The 1816 Senate Report
    • II. Executive Agreements
      • A. Evolution
      • B. Supreme Court Decisions
  • 6. Presidential “Precedents”
    • A. The St. Clair Inquiry
    • B. The Jay Treaty
    • C. The Jefferson Incident
    • D. The Jackson Incidents
    • E. The Tyler Incident
    • F. Marbury v. Madison
    • G. The Trial of Aaron Burr
      • 1. Production of Documents
      • 2. Personal Attendance by the President
    • H. Executive Shielding of Subordinates
    • I. Inferences from Creation of Foreign Affairs Department
    • J. House Rule 22
    • K. The American Tradition against Secrecy
  • 7. Executive Privilege Compared with Evidentiary Privilege
    • A. Introductory
    • B. Evidentiary Privilege
      • 1. Secrets of State: Military and Foreign Affairs
        • Military Secrets
        • Foreign Affairs Secrets
      • 2. Informers
      • 3. Confidential Information
        • Investigation Reports
        • Statutory Assurances of Confidential Treatment
      • 4. The “Housekeeping” Privilege
      • 5. Interdepartmental “Candid Interchange”
    • 8. Withholding Intradepartmental Communications from Congress
      • A. The “Candid Interchange” Doctrine
      • B. “Candid Interchange”in the Nixon Administration
    • 9. The Cost of Secrecy
      • A. Saigon: A Tottering Ally
      • B. Bombing
      • C. Commitment of Combat Troops
      • D. American Objectives
      • E. Suppression of the Pentagon Papers
    • 10. Practical Arguments for Executive Privilege Examined
    • 11. Judicial Review
      • A. Introductory
      • B. The Contempt Power
      • C. Judicial Enforcement of a Subpoena
        • 1. “Case or Controversy”
        • 2. Standing to Sue
        • 3. Political Questions
          • Introductory
          • Boundary Dispute between Two Branches
          • “Manageable Standards” and “Enforceable Remedy”
    • Conclusions
    • Epilogue
      • A. Wilkey’s “Common Sense-Common Law” Privilege
      • B. The Burr Case
      • C. The Separation of Powers
      • D. Courts Can’t Coerce President
      • E. Military and State Secrets
    • Appendix A. Library of Congress Study of Executive Privilege
    • Appendix B. Rogers’ Misinterpretation of McGrain v. Daugherty
    • Appendix C. Editorial: “As Others See Us”
    • Appendix D. Messages of President James Monroe
    • Bibliography
    • General Index
    • Index of Cases

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