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Metternich

Strategist and Visionary

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$39.95 • £34.95 • €36.95

ISBN 9780674743922

Publication Date: 11/05/2019

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928 pages

6-3/8 x 9-1/4 inches

72 photos, 2 illus., 6 tables

Belknap Press

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ISBN 9780674292185

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  • A Note on the Frontispiece
  • Translator’s Note
  • Preface to the English-Language Edition
  • Introduction
    • A Life in Seven Stages
    • Metternich’s Biographers across the Generations
    • The Risks and Limitations of Srbik’s Biography of Metternich
  • 1. Origins: Family Ties and the Rise of the Metternichs
    • The Ministerial Metternichs
    • The Lords of Königswart
    • The Barons of Winneburg and Beilstein
    • The Counts as Members of the Imperial Diet
    • The Highest Floor: The Princes in the Bel Étage
  • 2. Metternich’s Generation: Ancien Régime and Enlightenment, 1773–1792
    • Parental Home, Childhood, and Education
    • Studies in Strasbourg and Mainz: Formation of a Political and Historical View of the World
  • 3. A Double Crisis: Empire and Revolution, 1789–1801
    • Fin de Siècle: The Imperial Elections of 1790 and 1792
    • 1789: The Rupture of the French Revolution
    • Brussels and the Austrian Netherlands
    • The Journey to Great Britain: The Final Piece to the Young Metternich’s Political Universe
    • Collapse and Flight in 1794
    • A New Beginning: Vienna, Königswart, and Austerlitz
    • Time of Transition: The Diplomat in Waiting, 1796–1801
  • 4. Between Peace and War: Life as an Ambassador, 1801–1806
    • Dresden, 1801–1803: The Minister at His “Observation Post”
    • Berlin, 1803–1806: The Ambassador on the Grand Diplomatic Stage
    • The Peace of Pressburg and the Beginning of the End for the Holy Roman Empire
  • 5. World War: Outset and Intensification, 1806–1812
    • Ambassador in Paris, 1806–1809: In the “Lion’s Den”
    • Ambassador on Borrowed Time and Napoleon’s Captive under House Arrest
    • The Interim Minister: Sidelined by Napoleon
    • The Minister in Charge of the New Direction: A Defensive Strategy in Domestic Policy and Matchmaking Abroad, 1809–1810
    • The Foreign Minister on Tour: 181 Days with Napoleon
    • Domestic and International Consolidation, 1810–1812
  • 6. World War: Climax and Crisis, 1813
    • Metternich Discreetly Assembles the Forces
    • The Tactical Path to an “Armed Mediation”
    • Austria Joins the War: The Quadruple Alliance
  • 7. World War: Catastrophe and Resolution, 1814
    • The Final Battle against Napoleon and the Prefiguration of the Vienna Order
    • Metternich’s Second Voyage to England and the Preparations for the Congress of Vienna
    • Metternich, the War, and Violence in Politics
  • 8. The End of an Era and a New Beginning for Europe: The Congress of Vienna, 1814–1815
    • The Initial Situation: The Experience of War and a Legal Vacuum
    • The “Cosmopolitans”: Instigating a New Law Based on Imperial Legal Orders
    • A Master Plan? Metternich between Realpolitik, Strategy, and Vision
    • The Congress on the Brink: Crises Test the Principle of Balance
    • The End the Holy Roman Empire: The Habsburg Empire and the German Question
    • “Germany—United by Federal Ties”: Metternich’s Part in the Foundation of the German Confederation
    • “The Congress Dances”—Especially in Metternich’s House
  • 9. Connoisseur of Women and Head of the Entail
    • Iconography and Historical Specificity of Love
    • Love and Politics: At the Courts of Dresden, Berlin, and Paris
    • Wilhelmine von Sagan and the Confusion of Feelings
    • Dorothea von Lieven: “The Nearness of the Beloved”?
    • Wives and Children: Family Ties and Tribulations
  • 10. The Construction of a New Beginning: Reform and Reconstruction, 1815—1818
    • Metternich’s Ideas and Policies on the Nationality Question: The Case of Italy
    • Journeys to Italy, a Happy, Ungovernable Country
    • Metternich’s Plan for a Reorganization of the Monarchy
    • Habsburg and the German Confederation: An Affirmation for Metternich and Prussia, 1817—1818
  • 11. Defensive Security Policies: Averting Threats under the Vienna System, 1815—1829
    • Napoleon’s “Hundred Days”: Activating the European Security System
    • Fault Lines in the Societies of Europe after 1815
    • Metternich and British Security Policies, 1817–1820: Pretext or Defense against a Revolution?
    • The Radicalization of the German National Movement: The Wartburg Festival and Sand’s Assassination of Kotzebue
    • Metternich’s Hesitant Reactions: The Press, the Professors, and the Students
    • From Teplitz to Carlsbad: The Conferences on Domestic Security, 1819–1820
    • Metternich’s Suggestions for the Development and Extension of the German Federal Constitution: The Final Act of the German Confederation, May 15, 1820
    • Terrorism and Security Policies as a European Problem: England, France, and Metternich
    • A Double-Edged Sword of Intervention and the Concert of Europe
    • The Concert of Europe and the Defensive Security Policies of the 1820s
  • 12. The Economist: Metternich as a Capitalist with a Social Conscience
    • Managing Financial Crises
    • Metternich as Agrarian Economist: Farmer, Vintner, Forester
    • Factory Owner and Industrial Entrepreneur
  • 13. The Spring of Nations amid Poverty, 1830–1847
    • The July Revolution in 1830 and Metternich’s International Crisis Management
    • A Revolution in Communication, the Spring of Nations, State Security
    • Tolerated Revolutions after 1830
    • From the Orient to the Rhine: The Concert of the Major Powers as a Challenge
    • Metternich and Customs Policies
  • 14. The Organization of Rule: Power Centers, Networks, Interests, Intrigues
    • The Master of the State Chancellery
    • Constrained by Emperor Franz’s “Personal Regime”
    • Emperor Franz’s Legacy: A System “Headed by a Half-Wit Who Represents the Crown”
    • Crisis Instead of Reform: Metternich versus Kolowrat
    • Lobbyism, the Power Politics of the Imperial Family, the Estates
  • 15. Revolution, Escape, Exile, 1848–1851
    • Revolution 1848: “Sheet Lightning,” Outbreak, and Escape
    • Metternich’s English Self: In Exile, 1848–1849
    • Brussels 1849–1851: Metternich’s Look Back at a Liberal Economic Policy That Was Not to Be
  • 16. At the Observatory: Twilight Years in Vienna, 1851–1859
  • Epilogue: Metternich as a Postmodern Character in Early Modernity
  • Abbreviations
  • Notes
  • Bibliography
  • Acknowledgments
  • Illustration Credits
  • Index

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