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The Rise of the National Trade Union

The Development and Significance of Its Structure, Governing Institutions, and Economic Policies, Second Edition

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$73.00 • £63.95 • €66.95

ISBN 9780674772809

Publication Date: 01/01/1955


639 pages

10 tables, 5 charts

Wertheim Publications in Industrial Relations


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  • Author’s Preface
  • Part I. Economic Development and the National Trade Union
    • 1. The Position of Labor
      • The Record of Growth, 1850–1900
      • The Relative Scarcity of Labor
      • The Organization of Labor
    • 2. The Environment of the National Union
      • The Impact of Immigration
      • The Impact of the Extension of Markets
      • The Impact of Innovation
      • The Impact of the Big Firm
      • The Impact of Business Conditions
  • Part II. The Traveling Member and the National Union
    • 3. The Geographic Mobility of Labor
      • Theoretical Effects of Mobility on National Unionism
      • Historical Incentives to Mobility
      • The Extent of Geographic Mobility
    • 4. The Process of Nationalization
      • The Single-handed Approach and Its Failure
      • Cooperation and Its Deficiencies
      • The National Union and the Traveling Card
    • 5. The Traveling Member and National Citizenship
      • Extension of National Authority over the Individual Member
      • Organization and Jurisdiction
      • The Exclusive Local Agreement
      • The Printers—A Special Case
  • Part III. Control over Strikes: The National Power and the National Purse
    • 6. The Power of the National Purse
    • 7. Some Other Factors in the Development of Strike Control
      • Skill
      • Nature of the Market
      • Benefits
      • Age and Date of Formation
      • The Scope of Employer Relations
  • Part IV. National Government and the Power of Office
    • 8. The Development of the National Executive
      • The British Experience
      • The American Experience
    • 9. The Convention
      • Systems of Representation
      • Freeing of the Delegates
      • Substituting the Referendum
      • Failure of the Convention as a National Institution
    • 10. The Referendum and the Executive Board
      • Control by Popular Vote
      • Control by the Executive Board
      • The Problem of Apathy
  • Part V. Jurisdiction and Federation
    • 11. Economic Aspects of Jurisdiction
      • “Disagreeableness” and Industrial Unionism
      • Skill and Craft Unionism
      • “Compound Craft” Unionism
      • The Printers—A Digression
    • 12. Local and National Federation
      • The Implications of Jurisdiction
      • Local Federation
      • National Federation—The Knights
    • 13. National Federation: The American Federation of Labor
      • Autonomy
      • Exclusive Jurisdiction
  • Part VI. Relations with Employers
    • 14. National Strike Policies
      • Strikes in Depression and in Prosperity
      • Seasonal Strikes and the Annual Agreement
      • Where to Strike
    • 15. Some Employer Wage Policies
      • Employer Practices
    • 16. Policies on Geographic Differentials
      • Union Attitudes and Policies
      • Employer Influence: National Collective Bargaining
    • 17. Work Rules
      • Guaranteeing Work and Wages
      • Restraining the Worker
  • Part VII. The National Union in the American Labor Movement
    • 18. Some Theories of the Labor Movement
      • Commons’ Theory
      • Perlman’s Theory
      • An Alternative Hypothesis
  • Appendix I. Local Jurisdiction
  • Appendix II. The Seasonal Bargain
  • Appendix III. Incentive Pay
  • Appendix IV. Make-Work Rules
  • Index

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