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The Structure of Empirical Knowledge

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Product Details


$42.00 • £33.95 • €38.00

ISBN 9780674843813

Publication Date: 03/15/1988


272 pages

5-7/8 x 9 inches


Related Subjects

  • Preface
  • I. A Critique of Empirical Foundationalism
    • 1. Knowledge and Justification
      • The traditional conception of knowledge
      • The concept of epistemic justification
      • The epistemological task
    • 2. Foundationalism: The Main Conception
      • The epistemic regress problem
      • The varieties of foundationalism
      • A basic problem for foundationalism
    • 3. Externalist Versions of Foundationalism
      • The basic idea of externalism
      • Some counter-examples to Armstrong’s view
      • A basic objection to externalism
      • Some externalist rejoinders
      • Arguments in favor of externalism
    • 4. The Doctrine of the Empirically Given
      • The idea of the given
      • Schlick on the foundation of knowledge
      • Quinton’s conception of empirical intuition
      • Lewis on the given
      • An appeal to the a priori
  • II. Toward a Coherence Theory of Empirical Knowledge
    • 5. The Elements of Coherentism
      • The very idea of a coherence theory
      • Linear versus nonlinear justification
      • The concept of coherence
      • The Doxastic Presumption
      • The standard objections
    • 6. Coherence and Observation
      • An initial objection
      • A suggestion from Sellars
      • Coherentist observation: an example
      • The justification of the premises
      • Introspection
    • 7. Answers to Objections
      • Answers to standard objections (I) and (II)
      • Some further objections
      • A restatement of the coherentist account
    • 8. Coherence and Truth
      • The problem: justification and truth
      • Realism and the correspondence theory of truth
      • The metajustificatory argument
      • Skeptical hypotheses
  • Appendix A. A Priori Justification
    • The concept of the a priori
    • Is there a priori knowledge?
    • Is there synthetic a priori knowledge?
    • The idea of a priori intuition
  • Appendix B. A Survey of Coherence Theories
    • The positivists
    • Idealism: Blanshard
    • Lehrer’s subjectivistic coherence theory
    • Rescher’s pragmatic coherence theory
  • Notes
  • Bibliography
  • Index

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