Cover: To Make a Nation: The Rediscovery of American Federalism, from Harvard University PressCover: To Make a Nation in PAPERBACK

To Make a Nation

The Rediscovery of American Federalism

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$50.00 • £40.95 • €45.00

ISBN 9780674893184

Publication Date: 07/15/1998


496 pages

6-1/4 x 9-1/4 inches

Belknap Press


  • Introduction: The National Idea in American Politics
      • A. The Promise of Nationhood
      • B. The Trial of Sectionalism
      • C. The Impact of Industrialism
      • D. The Challenge of Racism
      • E. Federalism and Political Theory
  • I. From Hierarchy to Republicanism
    • 1. The Rule of the Wise and the Holy: Thomas Aquinas
      • A. The Ontology of Inequality
      • B. Value, Utility, and Authority
      • C. Hierarchies of Virtue and Grace
      • D. Federalism from the Top Down
      • E. The Enchanted World
      • F. Deference to the Divine Likeness
      • G. Old Tory Politics
    • 2. The Idea of the National Republic: John Milton
      • A. The Masterless Man
      • B. Government by Discussion
      • C. Elite and People
      • D. Nation and Purpose
    • 3. A Constitution for the National Republic: James Harrington
      • A. The Dilemma of Scale: Machiavelli
      • B. Constitutionalism and the Public Interest
      • C. Representation from the Bottom Up
      • D. The Machinery of Rational Deliberation
      • E. Federalism for Utility or for Liberty?
      • F. A Commonwealth for Increase
  • II. The National and Republican Revolution
    • 4. The Conflict of Ideas
      • A. Edmund Burke and the Old Whig Constitution
      • B. Blackstone and Sovereignty
      • C. Benjamin Franklin and National Purpose
    • 5. The Decade of Agitation
      • A. Actual vs. Virtual Representation
      • B. The Parliamentary Option
      • C. The Federal Option
      • D. Imperial Federalism
      • E. Liberty vs. Union
    • 6. The Discovery of the Nation
      • A. How the Congress Was Chosen
      • B. How the Congress Governed
      • C. How the States Were Created
      • D. Tom Paine’s National and Federal Republic
  • III. The National and Republican Constitution
    • 7. Montesquieu’s Confederate Republic
      • A. The Structure
      • B. The Mechanics
      • C. The Confederate Republic in America
      • D. The Anti-Federalist Case
    • 8. Madison’s Compound Republic
      • A. Critique of Compact Federalism
      • B. The New Legitimacy
      • C. Critique of the Small Republic Theory
      • D. Justice and the Public Interest
      • E. Government by Discussion: Hume
      • F. Government by Discussion: Madison
      • G. Toward Power and Justice
    • 9. Auxiliary Precautions
      • A. Representation
      • B. Separation of Powers
      • C. Why Have States?
      • D. The People as Common Superior
      • E. The Control of Faction
    • 10. Sovereignty and Ratification
      • A. How the Constitution Was Ordained
      • B. Madison’s Gap
      • C. The National Solution
      • D. Joseph Story’s Classic Exposition
      • E. Critique of Article VII
      • F. Sovereignty, the Constitution, and Democracy
    • 11. James Wilson’s Social Union
      • A. Purpose, Medieval and Modern
      • B. The Four Great Objects
      • C. The Fragility of Reason
      • E. Participation and Public Affection
      • F. The Social Passion
      • G. Public Affection and Federalism
  • Conclusion: Liberty and Union
      • A. Strong Democracy
      • B. Constitutionalism for Self-Government
      • C. Federalism and Liberty
      • D. Radicalism and Prudence
  • Notes
  • References
  • Index

Awards & Accolades

  • 2002 Martha Derthick Award, Federalism and Intergovernmental Relations Section of the American Political Science Association
  • 1994 Fraunces Tavern Museum Book Award
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