Cover: A Twentieth-Century Crusade: The Vatican’s Battle to Remake Christian Europe, from Harvard University PressCover: A Twentieth-Century Crusade in HARDCOVER

A Twentieth-Century Crusade

The Vatican’s Battle to Remake Christian Europe

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$43.00 • £37.95 • €39.95

ISBN 9780674983427

Publication Date: 06/17/2019


440 pages

6-1/8 x 9-1/4 inches

22 photos


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Fascinating… A work of tremendous ambitions and impressive panoramic scope. Beautifully written and thoroughly researched, it charts one of the 20th century’s most far-reaching cultural-political projects, which stretched over dozens of countries and unfolded over decades… What Chamedes has superbly charted is the world that [Pope] Francis has set to demolish. How his alternative will fare, and whether it will succeed where his predecessors had failed, is still to be seen.—Udi Greenberg, Los Angeles Review of Books

Readers seeking backstories for the Vatican agreements that legitimated Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany will not be disappointed. Nor will students wrestling with how to place the Vatican within the global history of the twentieth century… Part intellectual history, part history of the international system, part collective biography.—Piotr H. Kosicki, Times Literary Supplement

Eye-opening… Zealous hostility to communism and socialism led the church into legal alliance with right-wing reactionaries… This fascinating book highlights that the church’s present is always in dialogue with its past.—Christopher Kissane, Irish Times

Has the potential for very broad appeal… Chamedes’ work seems to provide the necessary framework for any future study of Catholic internationalism.—Anastasiia Akulich, European Review of History

Superb… Chamedes’s book is a magisterial achievement. It will remain the standard work on Catholic internationalism for years.—Peter McDonough, Journal of Church and State

Chamedes’s excellent new book is a welcome corrective to standard narratives about the papacy’s supposed irrelevance in modern international history… A fluidly written, engaging, and groundbreaking work that deserves a wide audience. This book will benefit…anyone seeking to understand the role of ideology in modern international history.—Patrick J. Houlihan, Journal of Ecclesiastical History

While much has been written about the Catholic anti-Communist crusade in the interwar period, [Chamedes] examines it more thoroughly and comprehensively than most historians have done hitherto… This is an important monograph on an important aspect of the history of the papacy in the twentieth century.—John Pollard, Journal of Modern History

The picture that emerges of the Church’s political role in twentieth-century Europe is utterly damning… Will stand as a vital account of the uses to which [the Vatican’s] force has been put, shorn of apologetics and exhaustively documented.—Daniel Finn, New Left Review

This study of what preceded Vatican II can help one to appreciate the Council even more.—Michael Fitzgerald, The Tablet

This comprehensive study provides a broad perspective on 20th-century papal diplomacy’s crusade to sustain Catholic influence in European society.Choice

This important book reveals the unknown story of the Vatican’s efforts to reshape international relations in the twentieth century. Facing new competition from secularism, liberalism, and communism, the Church responded with an international program of its own: ‘concordat diplomacy.’ In recovering this lost history, Chamedes sheds new light on seemingly familiar terrain and enhances our understanding of a complicated past that continues to resonate today.—Andrew Preston, author of Sword of the Spirit, Shield of Faith: Religion in American War and Diplomacy

This is transnational history at its best. In this impressively researched book, Giuliana Chamedes reaches into all corners of the European continent as she brings forth the crucial role of the Vatican and its particular brand of internationalism in Europe’s tumultuous twentieth century. It is essential reading for those interested in modern Europe and in religion.—Elizabeth Foster, author of African Catholic

Chamedes offers a pathbreaking study of twentieth-century Catholic internationalism and papal diplomacy that illuminates a vast terrain of hitherto unknown transnational activity. Her book is not just an eye-opening addition to the literature on internationalism, it reframes our understanding of twentieth-century modernity. An essential contribution.—Adam Tooze, author of Crashed

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