Cover: Building for Oil: Daqing and the Formation of the Chinese Socialist State, from Harvard University PressCover: Building for Oil in HARDCOVER

Harvard-Yenching Institute Monograph Series 110

Building for Oil

Daqing and the Formation of the Chinese Socialist State

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$39.95 • £34.95 • €36.95

ISBN 9780674983816

Publication Date: 01/08/2018


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Jacket: Building for Oil

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ISBN 9780674260221


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Related Subjects

  • List of Maps and Figures*
  • Acknowledgments
  • Preface
  • Introduction
  • 1. The Discovery of Daqing
    • The Search for Oil
    • The Weakness of the State Industrialization Plan
    • Daqing: The Great Celebration
    • Construction (Jianshe): Building a New China
  • 2. Production First, Livelihood Second
    • Daqing: The Battlefield
    • Total Mobilization
    • An Alternative Landscape
    • Battlefield Communism: Integration of State and Society
  • 3. Breakthrough on a Narrow Front
    • The Political Economy of Building Construction
    • Planning without Cities
    • “More, Faster, Better, and More Economic”
  • 4. Celebrating Daqing: The Correct Path for Industrialization
    • Learning from Daqing
    • Worker-Peasant Villages on the Oil Field
    • Cities and Buildings Based on the Daqing Model
    • Industrialization without Urbanization
  • 5. Living in an Urban–Rural Heterotopia
    • The Factory as a Production Machine
    • The Factory as a Work-Study School
    • The Factory as a Battlefield
  • 6. Challenging the Daqing Model
    • The Red Flag on the Industrial Front
    • Growing Industrial Agglomeration
    • The Great Leap Outward
    • The Sinking of the Oil Rig
  • Epilogue
  • Notes
  • Bibliography
  • Index
  • * Maps and Figures
    • Maps
      • 1. The initial master plan for Daqing Oil Field, with Anda serving as the central city, 1961
      • 2. Master plan for Red Satellite Central Village, Daqing Design Institute, 1964
      • 3. Master plan for Red Satellite No. 2 Village, Daqing Design Institute, 1964
      • 4. The cluster of Pioneer villages, 1966
      • 5. Master plan for Shiyan: “Dispersed and concealed in the mountains”
      • 6. Panzhihua Industrial District Plan, 1965
      • 7. Settlements in Daqing in the 1980s (based on the Daqing Agricultural Land Resource Map produced by the Daqing Agricultural Zoning Office), 1987
    • Figures
      • 1.1. Hauling five-gallon cans of kerosene in the North China countryside, Shanxi province, 1919
      • 1.2. Loading kerosene onto a boat in the central Yangzi region at Xiangtan, Hunan province, 1930
      • 1.3. Salvaging a 400-ton oil-drilling machine from the Jialing River, near Chongqing, 1937
      • 1.4. The Yumen Oil Refinery, located in the mountains, with a dormitory at the middle right, year unknown
      • 1.5. “People mountain people sea”: massed peasant laborers at a reservoir construction site, north of Peking, 1958
      • 1.6. Oil prospecting on the Songliao Plain, 1959
      • 2.1. Hua and Song visiting Songjiang county, Shanghai, as college students, 1959
      • 2.2. Port Arthur (now Dalian), Liaodong peninsula, 1930s
      • 2.3. A ship of immigrants on its way to Manchuria from Shandong province, 1927
      • 2.4. An open-cut coal mine in Fushun, 1940s
      • 2.5. The petroleum army arriving at Saertu station, 1960
      • 2.6. Goods unloaded along the railroad line, 1960
      • 2.7. Hua, wearing her work jacket, printed with the two characters nong ken, meaning “reclamation farm” (the disguise for Daqing Oil Field)
      • 2.8. The first oil troops settling along the Songliao Plain, 1960
      • 2.9. The army at the Daqing construction site, year unknown
      • 2.10. Youth League members building a gandalei, year unknown
      • 2.11. Daqing’s first shipment of crude oil, 1960
      • 3.1. Changchun No. 1 Auto Plant: main entrance with front square, 1950s
      • 3.2. Changchun No. 1 Auto Plant: master plan for living quarters, 1949
      • 3.3. Changchun No. 1 Auto Plant: workers’ housing with traditional Chinese-style roof, 1959
      • 3.4. Deng Xiaoping visiting Daqing, with Kang Shi’en and Zhang Wenbin, 1961
      • 3.5. Liu Shaoqi visiting Daqing, with Kang Shi’en, 1961
      • 3.6. Zhou Enlai making his first visit to Daqing in 1962, with gandalei houses in the background
      • 3.7. Scientific gandalei house: floor plan, elevation, and sections, Daqing Design Institute, 1964
      • 4.1. Hua and her colleagues investigating gandalei houses, 1965
      • 4.2. Hua and her colleagues walking on the Daqing prairie, spring, 1965
      • 4.3. The first scientific gandalei village, Hongweixing (Red Satellite) Village, 1964
      • 4.4. Dependents walking on the unpaved main road in Pioneer Village, with houses on either side, 1977
      • 4.5. Strengthening Village, early 1970s
      • 4.6. Thawed land in front of mud houses, Strengthening Village, early 1970s
      • 4.7. Gandalei house in Strengthening Village after a decade of living, early 1970s
      • 4.8. Free outdoor barber service outside of a shop constructed of brick in the gandalei village
      • 4.9. Designers working under a tent at the Third Front
      • 5.1. Daqing women as child care providers
      • 5.2. Daqing women as schoolteachers
      • 5.3. Daqing women as dependent farmers
      • 5.4. Daqing women as tractor drivers
      • 5.5. Daqing women as construction workers
      • 5.6. Daqing women as soldiers
      • 5.7. Daqing Oil Field Development Colloquium, where both workers and engineers were invited to join the discussion
      • 5.8. Hua and Song’s wedding photo in Tiananmen Square, Beijing, July 1, 1967
      • 6.1. Hua and Song’s first home, a scientific gandalei house in Saertu, 1968
      • 6.2. Daqing Fertilizer Plant, 1974
      • 6.3. Gandalei village in Daqing, 1974
      • 6.4. Song and Hua in their second gandalei house, Tuanjie Farm, 1969
      • 6.5. Daqing celebrating the collapse of the “Gang of Four” in front of the Iron Man Memorial Hall, 1976
      • 6.6. Song and Hua standing in front of their home, built of brick, with their second daughter, Yan, and niece Peizhen, at the Design Institute, Ranghulu, 1973

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